LOCUSOF CONTROL SCALE
Locusof control is an individual’s perception regarding the level ofcontrol of events in his/her life on personal behavior. The conceptwas originally developed in the 1950s by Julian Rotter while shepublished the scale in 1966 naming it locus of Scale Reinforcement.The Locos of Control scale is a continuum designed to measure andestablishes whether an individual has an external or internal locusof control. The scale has 29 items and respondents have aforced-choice of one of the two available alternatives in each item.The score is awarded depending on respondent’s choices: in areverse-scored scale, a low scale indicates an external locus ofscale while a high score indicates an internal locus of scale.
Myscore was 19. Being a reverse-scored scale, 19 is a high score whichmeans that I have an external lotus of scale. An internal controlorientation means that I do not attribute success or failure to luckand chance because I believe I have the ability to influence outcomesof my actions since they are contingent on events that are within mypersonal control (Zimbardo, 1985). 19 is a predominantly good scoreand is ideal for the reason that, though I am close to theintermediary level, I perceive that I do have control over most areasof my life but lack control in only a few areas. Moreover, the scoreindicates that I feel that there is much connection between mybehavior and my outcomes.
Outstandingly,the score is reflected in the things I do in my daily life. I oftenfeel depressed and stressed up at home and school when something goeswrong because I feel that I have responsibility of my actions. I paya lot of attention to outcomes of my endeavors and associate failureto laxity or my misjudgment. For example, I am late for a class afteram stuck in traffic, I don’t whine about it but rather takeresponsibility and make up for the part I missed. I as well work veryhard and feel confident to face challenges. However, when I don’tdo well in exams or argue with my parents or friends, usually I feelresponsible and I end up having difficult times.
Moreover,most activities I participate in such as sports and studying areachievement oriented where I believe that success or failure in themis pretty much in my control. Outstandingly, the belief that I have alot of influence in almost everything that happens to me has helpedme in several ways. I customarily plan ahead and set goals forforthcoming events and put much effort in preparation rather thanwait for the challenge to see how it goes. This has helped me achievegreat successes in studies, sports and work-study programs.
Additionally,I have a strong sense of self-determination and self-efficacy.Though, I feel depressed and stressed, belief in myself has helped meachieve stress tolerance. In case I get injured in sports or fail anexam, I stomach the outcomes and work hard for the next challenge. Ialso pay a lot of attention to advice from parents, peers andinstructors but am less influenced by negativity from other people.Many are times when people disapprove my goals in academics anddispirit me but I work hard and commit myself to those goals andguess what, I end up achieving most of them.
Changingmy Locus of Control
Accordingto Rotter (2011), an internal locus of scale is more desirable. Thereare things I need to do to make my locus of control more internal. Icould seek psychological intervention by seeing a psychologist tohelp me understand more about my locus control orientation.Additionally, I could change my friends and peers to those who havemore internal locus of control. In the long run, such relationshipswill shape the way I perceive things. I could also attend seminarsand discussions that could change my way of thinking such as those bypeople who have faced challenges, worked hard, remained committed andfinally achieve their goals. This would help raise my self-esteem,personal agency and self-determination.
THEMYER-BRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR TEST
Myer-BriggsType Indicator Test is a psychometric test which measures a person’spersonality type. The MBTI tool was developed by Isabel Briggs Myersand her mother Catherine Briggs in the 1940s. It measurespsychological preferences of respondents. The tool has 16 personalitytypes derived from 93 forced-choice available items. Based on the waya respondent answers the questions, his/her personality is put intoeither option in each of the four dichotomies, that is, Extraversion(E) or Introversion (I), Sensing (S) or Intuition (N), Thinking (T)or Feeling (F) and Judging (J) or Perceiving (P).
Mypersonality type is INFJ. Introvert (I) means I am inward tuning andlike spending much time alone. Intuition (N) means that I gatherinformation from sensory data. Feeling (F) means that I makedecisions subjectively and Judging (J) means that I prefer fastdecisions and issue resolution. I agree with my overall profile dueto several reasons. I appreciate my time spent alone reflecting onthings rather than too much socializing. Markedly, this helps mereflect on impacts of my decisions prior to acting. Additionally, Ilike tackling challenges the way they are as soon as they appear bybeing ready to get things done. This indicates that I fully orpartially agree with all parts of INFJ personality.
Thepersonality can be reflected in several ways by the things I do in mydaily life. I have a hobby of reading where I spend a lot of timereading novels, magazines and similar materials and reflecting onthem. I prefer such kind of learning experiences rather thandebilitating my energy in too much mingling, hanging out andpartying. Additionally, in case of challenges I request for necessaryhelp to solve them as long as outcomes do not harm others and theprocedure is well structures. When I have trouble with assignments Ithink of the best person to help be e.g. the lecturer and ensure Iget help as soon as possible.
Iam much of a spiritual person which forms a basis of my decisionmaking. I prefer to dress decently rather than shabbily with respectto my values and those of the society. This has gone a long way inhelping my personal agency and self control. Rather than beingstrayed to waywardness by others, I am able to stick to my values. Inparties, I am able to control drinking alcohol by doing soresponsibly or not at all to help stick to my principles andambitions. I am focused to meeting or exceeding expectations of thosewho care about me. I have taken work-study programs as one ofexisting opportunities to help me live a financially stable andcomfortable life.
Changingmy Personality Type
Nonetheless,I feel that not all aspects of my personality are outstanding. I feelthat I need to be more sociable and interactive to learn more aboutpeople and help achieve my goals. I plan to do this by having morefamily and friends’ time and attending social places andgatherings. In addition, I feel that relying on existing concreteinformation to make decisions limits their dependability of theiroutcomes. I need to look for extra theoretical information anddetails to help in my decision making and also consider futurepossibilities of the decisions. Finally, I need to avoid too muchimpersonality in decision-making which has mostly brought me tonegative outcomes. Presumably, doing the aforementioned things willhelp me grow into a holistic individual.
Rotter,J. (2011). Rotter Internal-External Locus of Control Scale. 28MEASURES OF LOCUS OF CONTROL,10.
TheMyers & Briggs Foundation. (n.d.). All types are equal. Retrievedfromhttp://www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/mbti-basics/all-types-are-equal.asp
Zimbardo,P. G. (1985). Psychology and life. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman.