Afterthe 9/11 attack in the U.S, the congress saw it necessary to putstringent measures to deal with terrorism through the enactment ofthe . However, the enactment of the Act hasled to controversy as it has been cited as contravening the rights ofpersons suspected to be terrorists.
Theact limits the constitutional provisions and civil rights of anindividual through its various provisions. One of the provisions forexample enables the home secretary to ad infinitum detain, withoutcharge or trial, individuals of foreign origin who are suspected tobe terrorists. This is contrary to the U.S constitution whichprovides for liberty of a person until they are proven guilty. Thefact that the Act allows this prejudice it violates the rights ofsuch individuals and may raise other issues in the end.
Theprovisions of the act also enhance prejudice of persons based ontheir race, country of origin or religion. The stipulations such aslimiting the appeals of foreign nationals arrested under thecircumstances that they are suspected terrorists allow the state towrongly hold people against their will. The Fourth Amendment of theconstitution prohibits any unreasonable searches and seizures,without a warrant served through the judicial system and withreasonable cause. The antiterrorism act 2001 violates the AmendmentIV by all means.
Consequently,the act mandates institutions to disclose personal information of anindividual suspected to be a terrorist during investigation. This iscontrary to the Fifth Amendment of the Bill of Rights which providesprivilege against self incrimination, through protection of privateinformation.
Ultimately,the interferes with constitutional provisionsand other civil rights.