Article Critique Stress Management Interventions for HIV +Adults

Stress Management Interventions for HIV +Adults 5

ArticleCritique: Stress Management Interventions for HIV +Adults

ArticleCritique: Stress Management Interventions for HIV +Adults

Theauthor begins by giving a background about the global prevalence ofHIV/AIDS and the various challenges that patients encounter. Morespecifically physical and psychological stressors can derail thenormal functioning as well as quality of life of patients havingchronic diseases like as HIV/AIDS. The author backs his propositionusing results from research conducted by other scholars on theimpacts of stressors on physiological processes. Stress is linkedwith acute illness and can significantly hasten immune impairment andhamper production of white blood cells. This is what necessitates theevaluation of stress management intervention on psychological andsocial outcomes. The goals of this article is stated, would also gobeyond evaluating stress management interventions to examining theefficacy of intervention so as to help interventionist to formulate amore efficacious programs to impact behavioral outcomes andconsequently slow the rate of disease progression associated tostress (Scott-Sheldon etal,2008).

Thesisand Purpose of Study

Theoverall purpose of this article is to resolve the inconsistentresults from similar research, evaluate moderators of interventionefficacy and help interventionist in coming up with program that canhelp HIV/AIDS slow disease progression linked to stress(Scott-Sheldon etal,2008). The thesis is succinct and highlights what the author wishesto study and the need for the research. In the introduction theauthor indicates that the paper will exemplify stress interventionrelating to behavioral, educational and psychological that can beused to militate against stress. The article is primarily intendedfor interventionists and program developers in health institutionswho face various challenges in helping patients with HIV/AIDS livepositively so as to avoid stress and anxiety that can impactnegatively on their health. In the indentifying the efficacy ofvarious interventions the authors refers to literature from otherscholars who have conducted research on the same field.

Hypothesisand Sample

Thehypothesis projected states that HIV/AIDS+ adults exposed to stressmanagement interventions would show improvement in psychologicaloutcome and stress processes (Scott-Sheldon etal,2008). These improvements were expected to induce a more favorablehormonal outcomes and immunological effect. 82 percent of the thosewho participated in the study were male, 56 percent were white. Thismeans that the sample was not comprehensive enough to give credibleresult. It would have been worthwhile to explore more patients’characteristics that may affect intervention efficacy (Scott-Sheldonetal,2008). Stress can also emanate from hard economic situation, meaningthat results derived from minority groups like African Americans andHispanic may be different from that of their white counterparts.

Theconclusion is weak, since the authors do not explain succinctly howthe findings helped achieve the goals and objectives of the study. Itis not clear how the study eliminates the inconsistencies of otherresearches. The meta-analytic review included the largest number ofstudies that would permit evaluation psychosocial outcomes. Thesample used could not be used to generate all the necessary data toevaluate the effectiveness of all stress-management intervention. The assumption made by the authors that all individuals sufferingfrom HIV/AIDS experience distress and anxiety may be farfetched. Somestudies as indicated by in the literature review do not experiencedistress, and as such samples of Aids victims with distress wouldhave been more apt. The premise used to conjure the conclusion isfeeble, and more study ought to have been done on a large group ofdistressed Aids patients.

Reference

Scott-Sheldon,L. A., Kalichman, S. C., Carey, M. P., &amp Fielder, R. L. (2008).Stress management interventions for HIV+ adults: A meta-analysis ofrandomized controlled trials, 1989 to 2006. Healthpsychology: official journal of the Division of Health Psychology,American Psychological Association, 27(2), 129.