Assignment 1

ASSIGNMENT 1 3

Assignment1

Firstissue

  1. Identify the issue briefly and list it as a question

Deathpenalty is also referred to as capital punishment. It involvesputting to death crime doers by the state and mostly involves seriouscrimes such as murder. Issuing of a death penalty depends on thenature of the crime committed and just like many others issues thathave to do with life and death, there are proponents and opponents ofsuch kind of punishment. Should the death penalty be upheld orabolished?

  1. Describe the issue

Pros

Thosewho are in support of death penalty argue that it is an effective waythrough which the laws of a country or a state can be preserved. Theyalso point out thatit is less costly than other forms ofpunishment such as life imprisonment and that in one way or anotherit makes it possible for the victims of capital crime to be honored.The proponents of death penalty also argue that it is also effectivein consoling families that are grieving and that it makes it possiblefor those who have committed capital offences never to commit themagain. Additionally, they are of the idea that death penalty is notcruel and unusual.

Cons

Theopponents are of the view that it wrongly gives states the power totake away lives and has over the past proved ineffective in deterringcrime. They insist that upholding of death penalty costs more thanlife imprisonment in real sense. Additionally, it opens room forthose wrongfully charged to be condemned to death. The argument hereis that it has led to many innocent lives being lost. In addition tothat they point out that such sentences are not kind and ordinary(Warden, 2009).

  1. What are the qualities of this argument that make it hard to resolve?

Onequality that makes the issue hard to resolve is that both sides seemto be correct in their arguments. The points raised by both theproponents and the opponents are equally strong. It is true that evenwith death penalty being in place, capital crime continues to becommitted. It would be hard to pinpoint whether abolishment ofcapital punishment will lower capital crime. Additionally, there isdivided opinion among nations about death penalty, with some allowingit and others abolishing it.

  1. What are the sources for both the pros and cons

Warden(2009) in his article reflectionson capital crimeargues against capital punishment. Among the sources used to supporthis argument against capital punishment include Deborah Hastings(2009) article on Sunday times titled HighCost May Kill Off States’ Death Penalty AndDavidBaldus and James W.L. Cole article titled StatisticalEvidence on the Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment.Someof the articles in support of capital punishment include Paul Marcus’Capitalpunishment in the United States and beyond.

  1. Criteria used to support each side

Inhis critique of capital punishment, Warden (2009) starts by givingthe summary of the points that oppose death sentences. He then goesinto details, giving real life examples in each case. On the otherhand, Marcus (2007) starts by analyzing both the pros and cons ofcapital punishment before discussing its effectiveness in the US andother countries such as China and Singapore.

SecondTopic

  1. Identify the issue briefly and list it as a question

Guntanamobay prison is viewed as one of the most controversial prisons in theworld, especially because of the limited rights prisoners have.Additionally, a variety of torture techniques are usually utilized onthe prisoners, either to force them to disclose certain informationor do certain tasks. Is the torturing of prisoners anyway beneficialto the global security?

  1. Describe the issue

Someof the torturing methods utilized in Guntanamo include Noise, sleepdeprivation, mock execution and forced medication. US Militaryofficials are of the view that torture is effective while the generalpublic is opposed to it ( Leigh, 2011)

Pros

Proponentsof torture in Guntamano argue that it has proved effective inobtaining crucial security information from the prisoners.Additionally, they are of the view that techniques such as forcedfeeding makes it possible for the health of the prisoners to bemaintained in case they go on hunger strikes.

Cons

Useof torture overlooks the basic human rights and goes against themoral principles. It diminishes prisoners and restricts theirfreedom. Additionally it increases hostility between the victims andtheir relatives and the authorities. There is evidence that most ofthe prisoners in the dentition camp are actually innocent.

  1. What are the qualities of this argument that make it hard to resolve?

Apartfrom generating a public outcry, the issue may lead to an increasedhostility between the US and other communities whose members havebeen detained. Additionally, the fact that even innocent people arebeing tortured calls for this issue to be analyzed. Another point isthat despite president Obama’s attempts to close down the prison,operations are still on.

  1. What are the sources for both the pros and cons

Sourcesfor pros include David Leigh’s (2011) article in the guardiantitled GuantánamoBay files: Torture gets results, US military insists.A 2013 article on the mail online titled InsideGuantanamo Bay: Horrifying pictures show the restraint chairs,feeding tubes and operating theatre used on inmates in terror prisonandanother one by The Justice campaign titled Torture techniques used inGuntanamo form the sources for the cons.

  1. Criteria used to support each side

Thereare no clear criteria but the proponents argue that torture has madeit possible for important information to be retrieved from theprisoners. On the other hand, those opposed to it argue that lifeshould be respected and guided by certain moral principlespropagating torture does not promote life and goes against the rightsof prisoners.

References

Leigh,D. (2011). GuantánamoBay files: Torture gets results, US military insists.theGuardian.Retrieved 17 September 2014, fromhttp://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/apr/25/guantanamo-files-qahtani-salahi-torture

Leonard,T. (2013). InsideGuantanamo Bay: Horrifying pictures show the restraint chairs,feeding tubes and operating theatre used on inmates in terror prison.MailOnline.Retrieved 17 September 2014, fromhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2349693/Inside-Guantanamo-Bay-Horrifying-pictures-restraint-chairs-feeding-tubes-operating-theatre-used-inmates-terror-prison.html

Marcus,P. (2007). Capital punishment in the United States and beyond. Melb.UL Rev.,31,837.

Warden,R. (2009). Reflections on capital punishment. Nw.JL &amp Soc. Pol`y,4,329.