ASSIGNMENT 5 6
Thereare differences amid the developing and developed countries, whichmay be because of the infrastructure. This implies that theindustries in the developing and developed countries usually compare.In this assignment, a comparison amid the aviation regulatory andinvestigative systems in the USA and Kenya will be discussed.
Kenyais a country that lies in the eastern Africa. It has a population ofapproximately 40 million individuals, but the population isprojected to increase at an increasing rate. Kenya has a diversegeography it has a coastline that contains swamps and in the inland,it has numerous hills and broad plains. In addition, it has the greatrift valley which is the home of the three highest mountains inAfrica. On the other hand, USA comprises of 50 states and has anapproximate population of 318 million individuals. The USA borderstwo oceans the North Pacific and North Atlantic oceans. US has avarying topography the eastern areas comprise of hills and some low mountains. On the other hand, the central interior contains a vastplain, known as the Great Plains Region, while in the west there arehigh rugged ranges. Besides, Alaska has river valleys and ruggedmountains. The landscape of Hawaii’s varies, but it is usuallydominated by the volcanic topography. The following are maps of USand Kenya
Theaviation industry in these two countries differs a lot. In the US,the aviation industry is highly developed compared to that of Kenya.The infrastructure of the US aviation industry is well developedmaking it easy for the industry to attract the international markethowever, the infrastructure in the Kenyan aviation industry is poor(Cento,2009). This makes the industry have a poor market in theinternational market. On the other hand, the number of airlines inthe two countries differ in Kenya, there are approximately 14airlines in the aviation industry, while there are over 100 airlinesin the US (MacKenzie,2010).
Thestructure of the government of Kenya is such that there are threegovernment arms the executive, judiciary and the legislature. Theexecutive comprises of cabinet secretaries, deputy president,president, Attorney General, and director of public prosecutions.However, in the case of US, the three arms exist, but the executivecomprises of the vice president and president only. However, thefunctioning of these arms is the same in the two countries.
FAAin the US aviation industry can be compared to the Kenya AirportsAuthority (KAA) in Kenya. The FAA has the following major functionaloffices quality assurance division, NAS in-service management,navigation systems implementation, navigation systems engineering,operational support directorate, and aircraft certification serviceunit. In Kenya, the KAA is headed by the chairman that is answerableto the services of the body. The structure of the OSHA is such thatit is headed by a minister then the permanent secretary and chief executive follow.
Someof the directorate offices in OSHA include training and researchoffice, technical support section, human resources office,registration and statistic office, finance office, safety and health,business supervisor, and planning and evaluation office. OccupationalSafety and Health in Kenya is catered for by the ministry of labor.Currently, there is no concrete structure of the body, but the laborcabinet secretary is incharge of the body.
TheEPA in US can be compared to the National Environmental ManagementAuthority (NEMA) in Kenya. The EPA is organized such that it hasdifferent units responsible for environmental management. Suchoffices include human resources, finance, natural and physicalresource, administration, toxic substances, research office, legaloffice, and development office. NEMA has a chairman, but there is noconcrete structural organization.
NTBShas a role of investigating aviation incidents and accidents,railroad accidents, pipeline incidents and marine accidents(Sarsfieldet al, 2000).However, the Kenya aviation industry does not have an independentbody that is responsible for investigating aircraft accidents, but incase there is a plane accident, the KAA sets up a commission toinvestigate the incident.
Bhatia,A. K. (2006). Thebusiness of tourism: Concepts and strategies.New Delhi: Sterling.
Cento,A. (2009). Theairline industry: Challenges in the 21st century.Heidelberg: Physica-Verl.
MacKenzie,D. (2010). ICAO:A history of the International Civil Aviation Organization.Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Rodrigues,C. C., Cusick, S. K., & Wells, A. T. (2012). Commercialaviation safety.New York: McGraw Hill Professional.
Sarsfield,L., Stanley, W. L., Lebow, C. C., Ettedgui, E., Henning, G.,Institute for Civil Justice (U.S.), Rand Corporation., … UnitedStates. (2000). Safetyin the skies: Personnel and parties in NTSB aviation accidentinvestigations : master volume.Santa Monica, CA: RAND.