CarlJung`s Analytic Theory
What is the overall purpose/direction behind personality, or the driving force behind personality? From the standpoint of the individual, what is the general goal/goals they are trying to accomplish through their personality.
Teleological(motivation of current occurrences by future visions and goals andambitions that direct the destiny of an individual) and casual(current events that find their origin in prior experiences) forcesplay a key role in shaping a person’s personality. Carl argues thatboth casual and teleological rationalizations must be equal in orderto achieve optimal character of such an individual (Hall, Lindzey, &Loehlin, 1998). He also believed that progression and regressioncontributed significantly to helping an individual achieveself-realization or individual growth. Progression incorporatesvarious ways that help people adapt to the outside world as well asthe forward flow of psychic power or energy, whereas regressioninvolve ways through which such individuals adapt to the inner worldas well as the backward flow of psychic power or energy (Hall et al.,1998).
Discuss the concepts of the theory that represent common aspects that all individuals share (what are the parts/elements of the theory?)
Ego:It represents the conscious mind. He argue that ego does not presentthe whole personality however, it is completed by one the moredetailed self. Ego takes a secondary position to the unconscious selfin any psychologically health person (Staude, 2007)
Personalunconscious: It contains memories including the painful one thatrepressed for a long time as well as unimportant ones that have beendropped from somebody’s conscious awareness. It also stores partsof personality that have never come to consciousness.
Collectiveunconscious: It serves as a form of psychological inheritance andcontains experiences and knowledge shared by people. According toStaude (2007), this concept contains and images that seem to beshared with people regardless of their cultures and ages. He furtherargue that collective unconsciousness is common and one to allindividuals even though such individuals adopt different charactersas they grow up to become unique in the way they behave and handletasks.
Discuss the theorists` ideas concerning the role of society in the development of personality and any developmental stages
Youngpeople gain physical and psychic independence from both their parentsand the society at large. A society also shapes a person characterand helps them have morally upright characters since it teaches themits values and cultures. For instance, individuals grow in andbelieve in a certain religions from which they gain some values tohelp them during their developmental stages.
Explain how the theory addresses individual differences in personalitywhat are the concepts/dimensions that the theorist utilizes to describe these individual differences (different outcomes/personality types)?
Thetheory addressees individual differences in personalities by focusingon rational and irrational functions that include:
Extravertedsensing: It refers to the active and outward focus on the objectiveworld as well as on collecting sensory experiences and factual data
Introvertedsensing: it refers to the reflective and inward focus on subjectivesensory experiences as well as on the storage of historical data thatis based on facts.
Extravertedintuition: this is the active and outward focus on the new,possibilities that are present in the objective world (Roper &Davis, 2005).
Introvertedintuition this is the inward and reflective focus on the subjectiveworld of meanings, patterns, symbols, and insights that come from theunconsciousness
Extravertedthinking it focuses on outward and active objective world whenapplying logical order. This is accomplished through buildingorganization, structure, and decisions making
Introvertedthinking: it refers to the reflective and inward focus on thesubjective world in order to seek knowledge and understanding byfinding logical principles that lay behind many phenomena oroccurrences
Extravertedfeeling it focuses on outward and active methods of bringing orderto the objective world by seeking and building harmony with others
Introvertedfeeling it focus on inward and reflective ways that brings value andharmony to the subjective world.
Hall,C.S, Lindzey, G & Loehlin, C.J. (1998).Introductionto Theories of Personality.(4th ed).New York: JohnWiley& Sons
Roper,H & Davis, A. (2005). CarlGustav Jung.Toronto Universityof Toronto Press.
Staude,J.R. (2007). FromDepth Psychology to Depth Sociology: Freud, Jung, and Lévi-Strauss.Theoryand Society,3 (3), 303-338.