Chart

MoldandYeastComparison

Criteria

Mold

Yeast

Family

fungi

fungi

Classification Scheme

Grows in multi cellular filaments referred to as hyphae.

Grows in a single cell.

Conducive Environment for Growth

(e.g., temperature, PH, salt and sugar concentrations, etc.)

Grows in dark moist place with a temperature of 70 degrees. Can be found in rotting food.

Found in food products such as bread and stomachs of mammals in temperatures between 20-37 degrees.

Cultivation and Enumeration Media

DRBC Agar, Oxytetracycline Glucose Agar Medium, potato dextrose and Bacillus Cereus selective Agar

Oxytetracycline Glucose Agar medium and DRBC Agar

Reproductive Strategies

Can either be asexual or sexual and it occurs through small pores.

most yeast reproduces asexually

Spore Formation Strategies

Small hydrophobic spores easily carried by wind

Budding

Internal Structures

Hypha, similar to filaments

unicellular structure and Eukaryotic organisms

Industrial Uses

production of food

  • Production of ethanol, baking, and as a vitamin supplement.

Pathogenic Strains

Aspergillus fumigates

Candida

Diseases Caused

respiratory problems and allergic reactions

causes infections such as skin and yeast infection