CHILD PROJECT 5
Languagedevelopment in children
Bythe age of six years, several children often have a good mastery oftheir first language. Both male and female children often learn thecaregiver’s language first, which is often the mother. However, ifthe child’s father has a different native language, the childbegins mastering it between six and ten years. In addition, a childmay also start learning a second language in the school environment.For instance, if the parents are Spanish, the child will startlearning a second language such as English in school.
Bilingualchildren speak two different languages. The languages can be that ofthe mother and father, or it can be the parents’ common languageand a regular language used in teaching schools. In summary, everychild acquires the first language automatically, but understanding asecond language involves extensive effort. Bilingual persons canbenefit from assorted career choices in life, improved academicresults, and an enhanced sense of belonging (Siegler et al., 2010).
Parentscan assist their children to master more than one language throughspeaking to them in their respective native language. If the motheris Chinese, she should speak to her children in the language.Similarly, the father should speak to the children in his indigenouslingo.
Intelligenceand academic achievement
Psychologistsdefine intelligence as the ability to analyze many, a few or even asingle thing. Some researchers describe intelligence as a singleentity since it is required while conducting any intellectualresponsibilities. Many things such as early nutrition, environment,and birth order determine human intelligence. However, a child’sgenes also determine his or her intelligence level. Psychologistshave discovered that children who are born by parents with excellentacademic performance have a higher probability of excelling ineducation than children born by parents that were performing poorlyin school. Intelligence is an individual`s ability to grasp andimplement knowledge in a given field. Similarly, intelligence can bedetermined as a collection of some activities such as the ability towrite, do arithmetic, and solve problems, or even public speaking oreven associating with people (Siegler et al., 2010). Parents canimprove the intelligence of their children through training goodsocialization behaviors that can help them to interact with others.The ability of children to network with other people, as well as readwidely can all assist in improving their natural intelligence.
Theactivities that children participate can determine his or herintelligence. A male child aged between six and ten years can doseveral activities such as playing football, talking, reading, oreven cook simple things. According to psychologists, the IQ level ofa child directly influences his or her personal behaviors (Siegler etal., 2010).
Parentscan improve the intelligence of their children through providing themwith an environment where they can access books, schools, and moralcounseling. The type of foods parents gives children between six andten years do determine the health of their brains, which may alsoaffect their reasonability. Nutritionists recommend that childrenshould take healthy foods for them to develop healthy brains. Inaddition, children require regulated freedom so that they can explorethe environment and learn about new things (Siegler et al., 2010).
Emotionaldevelopment in children
Parent-childrelationship affects emotional development of children in the family.Emotionally insecure children delay joining school because theycannot relate with other people efficiently. Children should giveattention to the requirements of children aged between 6 and tenyears such that they will develop self-confidence that would allowthem to relate well with new people in school. Common signs that showthat a child is emotionally insecure include inability of a child toregulate his or her emotions, delayed gratification, and childrentend to be emotionally attached to the caregivers (Siegler et al.,2010). Children that are emotionally detached with their parents orguardian from 5-10 years often suffer from depression.
Theemotional development of children aged between six and ten years doesdetermine their social competence and adjustment. Emotionally stablechildren often have high self-confidence thereby, they can easilyadjust to any social environment such as a school or churchenvironment where they do not know other children. Besides, thechildren can express themselves verbally. However, the relation ofchildren in this age bracket is stronger among same gender children.This implies that the girls tend to be more comfortable when they arein the company of other girls, just as boys prefer company of otherboys to girls. This relationship pattern decreases steadily as thechildren approach ten years. Some girls may start getting attractedto boys from 7-8 years while boys begin getting attracted to girlsfrom 9-10 years old (Siegler et al., 2010).
Parentscan encourage children to gain social competence and adjustmentthrough ensuring to listen to them when they have issues. Inaddition, occasional counseling on moral issues is essential becausethe children are curious and naïve at the stage. For example, thechildren may eat poisonous substances. Parents should also trainchildren on suitable strategies to control temperaments, communicatewith people of all ages, and simple problem solving skills.
Siegler,R. S., DeLoache, J. S., & Eisenberg, N. (2010). Howchildren develop.New York: Worth.