Civil and Criminal Trials

CIVIL AND CRIMINAL TRIALS 3

Civiland Criminal Trials

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Thejudicial system of America is a composite of two forms of cases thecriminal case, and the civil case. Crime against the state isreferred to as a criminal case. A civil case happens when anindividual commits an offense against another person from a legalperspective (Jonakait, 2003). A criminal case goes through a trialby a jury whereas a civil case allows injuries, but many civil casesare decided by a judge. A criminal case occurs when a single personinvolves in the crime in relation to the state and society. Forinstance, when an individual commits murder the scenario is referredto as a criminal case and will undergo a criminal trial. All thecrimes committed against the state are prosecuted by the state.

Civilcase entails filing of the case by the injured party. A civil trialresults to the payment of monetary damages whereas a criminal trialresults to a jail term punishment (Ortmeier, 2013). Additionally, acriminal trial may take the form of both monetary and the jail timein the form of punishment.

Ina criminal trial, the defendant is allowed to have the help of anattorney. Where the defendant fails to have the capacity to hire anattorney, the state provides one. In an instance of a civil trial thedefendant is not entitled to an attorney and, therefore, one shouldpay for his or her attorney. Moreover, the extent of protection ofthe defendant in a criminal trial is considerable whereas suchservices are not available in the civil trial (Ortmeier, 2013). In acivil trial, there is no aspect of reasonable doubt to bring the caseat hand whereas in a criminal trial a person’s guilt must be provenbeyond reasonable doubt.

References

Jonakait,R. N. (2003). TheAmerican jury system.New Haven [Conn.: Yale University Press.

Ortmeier,P.J. (2013).Introduction to security: Operations and management(4th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education