Theduration that ‘transborder’ communication and distribution ofpolitical news has existed for and what drove demand for this type ofnews up to the beginning of the twentieth century

‘Transborder’communication and distribution of political news is not a concept ofthe 21stcentury but has existed for many years since its establishment inmediaeval Europe. Demand for such news was driven mainly becausefreedom of the press had become an acknowledged right in the U.S andvarious European states and advances in technology. This led toprinting of the first mass media which led to a news marketparalleled by increasing demand.

Thethree key effects of the emergence of a global news sphere

First,it challenges and improves the parallelism that has been sopredictable in the framework of ‘foreign’ and ‘local’ news.Secondly, the global news sphere has led to establishment of a newand distinct world news arrangement by eliminating the usual chainsof command which has had equal influences on the developed,transnational and developed countries alike. Finally, it has resultedinto formation of alliances by journalists, involvement of new peopleand transnational cooperation.

Therole of journalism in the operation of a ‘global public sphere’,especially in terms of dealing with gaps between the local and global

Journalismis tasked with a duty of interceding for new political discourses,that is, global spheres and the microspheres and also the diversepolitical media environments. Outstandingly, journalism achieves thisby filling the existing discrepancies in local and internationalcommunication. In this globalization process of mediation, journalismalso has to build and maintain dialectical relationships between thesphere of privacy within the society and public life.

Media and news sources to use when a major natural disaster or terrorist act occurs overseas

Transnational media sources such as international television networks and online media are the best to use since they are considered as ‘authentic’ broadcasting organizations. Noticeably, they bypass censorship of information which may be done by in the country faced by the crisis and thus refine the information ‘rationality’. Such sources allow true interactivity and information exchange without fear of being monitored and interfered with.