Comparing English to My Native Language (Arabic)

ComparingEnglish to My Native Language (Arabic)


ComparingEnglish to My Native Language (Arabic)

Englishand Arabic are two different languages. Arabic is the formal languageof many countries, including Libya, Iraq, Egypt, Morocco and SaudiArabia. There are several Arabic dialects. These dialects differ fromone Arab country to another. However, there is one Arabic dialecttaught in learning institutions and used by journalists acrossdifferent parts of the world. This essay looks at the comparisonsbetween these two languages.

Primarily,English and Arabic differ in language family. The English languageoriginates from the Indo-European linguistic family. Alternatively,the Arabic language is a Semitic language from the language familycalled the Afro-Asiatic. The English language is one of the WestGermanic languages, whereas the Arabic language has influences frommany languages such as Persian, Hebrew, Greek and Syriac.

Inaddition to these comparisons, Arabic is written and read startingfrom the right heading to the left, whereas English is written andread starting from the left heading to right. This is the mostnotable difference that can be noticed in the written form of the twolanguages. Additionally, English and Arabic languages consistdifferent alphabets. The Arabic alphabet consists 28 letters whilethe English alphabet is contains 26 letters. Moreover, the Arabiclanguage lacks sounds /v/ and /p/ found in the English language.

Inconclusion, the structure between the two languages varies. Forinstance, the typical order of English words is Subject followed byVerb then Object (SVO). However, the usual order of words in Arabiclanguage is Verb followed by Subject then Object (VSO). Moreover, thephonology between the two languages differs. English has more vowelsounds compared to the Arabic language. As a result, most Arabicspeakers fail to differentiate between some of the English words theyhear (for instance, bad and bed, or ship and sheep). Subsequently,most Arab speakers have difficulties pronouncing such wordscorrectly.