CRIME AND CRIMINAL OFFENDERS 3
Crimesand criminal offenders
Non-criminalmisbehaviors committed by a certain class of individuals especiallyminors may in most cases land them at risk and may end up in courts.Escaping from school or home are examples of such cases and researchhas it that male counterparts outnumber their female counterparts insuch cases. Juvenile courts have today been formalized as compared toearlier juvenile courts. Status offenders are not handledsynonymously and vary among countries.
Statusoffenders, for example, were exclusively handled through the juvenilesystem but later it was established that a child needed supervisionand care due to the fact that they are still growing, having a longjourney ahead. (Champion et al., 2012) with this research, thechild`s family was preserved in some states ensuring their safety andpreventing other young individuals from committing crimes in the nearfuture.
Thejustice process of the minors commences with referrals and petitions.The court authorities are notified by either a parent or a teacher ofthe juvenile’s need for courts attention and later a petition filedby parties involved. Juveniles are too given the right like any otheroffender to due process of law and to an attorney (Champion et al.,2012).
Failureto adhere to court orders the offender can be detained in a securelocked facility and parents called upon to attend counseling sessionsor parenting classes. Some juveniles are in various states waived orgiven a certification to a criminal court where they risk thepossibility of being tried like any other adult receiving harshpenalties like a death penalty.
Appliedmeasures have worked immensely for Juveniles and more can still bedone to keep them away from courts and protect their rights byreorganizing the status offense system to protect the youth frombeing pushed into the delinquency or criminal systems.
Champion,D. J., Hartley, R. D., & Rabe, G. A. (2012). Criminal courts:Structure, process, and issues (3rd ed.). Upper SaddleRiver, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
PRNewswire (2008). Juvenile Justice Organizations and Advocates ApplaudSenate Judiciary Members on the Approval of Strong JJDPALegislation.