DRUG OFFENDERS 5
Drugoffenders are common in probation and parole system. The Office ofthe National Drug Control Policy (2014), asserts that over 50% of thepersons arrested and incarcerated in the US are either undersubstance influence or they abuse drugs. This implies that reducingthe number of drug-addicts can significantly decrease the illegaldrug market size, drug-linked violence and crime, and the size ofillegal drug market. However, the Bureau of Prisons claims that theincarceration of drug offenders restrains them for the period theyare behind bars. Once they are released, they resume consuming thesubstances and terrorizing the society. In fact, the US prisons hadover 2.1 million inmates in 1996, and above 60% were arrested becauseof drug-related charges. The cost of running the prisons withmillions of prisoners cost the states and federal governmentsmillions of dollars per year (1999 National Drug Control Strategy,2014).
Tocurb the drug menace, chronic USA has reviewed its crimeadministration policy so that chronic addicts should get probation sothat they can enroll to receive addiction treatment in professionalrehabilitation centers. Presently, over two million juvenile andadults are receiving professional treatment assistance provided bythe criminal justice system through or parole or probation (Championet al., 2012). However, only non-violent drug offenders can join theparole and probationary addiction treatment services. Many patientsunder the program abuse cocaine, heroin, marijuana, alcohol,methamphetamine, and prescription drugs (1999 National Drug ControlStrategy, 2014).
Inthe 1970s, the US government formed the Treatment Accountability forSafer Communities (TASC), which is an organization entrusted withoffering alternative treatment to criminals instead of incarceratingthem. After vast research, the criminal justice system discoveredthat the regular incarceration only deterred drug addicts andjuvenile delinquents from engaging in crime for a limited time. Afterthe jail term, they became hardened criminals that cause even greaterharm to the society (1999 National Drug Control Strategy, 2014).Fortunately, the compulsory parole and probation criminal recoverysystems address underlying problems such as juvenile delinquency, lowself-esteem, family crises, and neglect and abuse associated issuesare comprehensively addressed. Regular jail systems harden bothnon-violent and aggressive drug offenders because it does not solvethe cause of failure (Champion et al., 2012).
1999National Drug Control Strategy (2014). Breaking the Cycle of Drugsand Crime. Office of National Drug Control Policy. Web, retrieved onSeptember 4, 2014 fromhttps://www.ncjrs.gov/ondcppubs/publications/policy/99ndcs/iv-d.html
Champion,D. J., Hartley, R. D., & Rabe, G. A. (2012). Criminalcourts: Structure, process, and issues (3rded.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc