Early modern Europe

EARLY MODERN EUROPE 4

Earlymodern Europe

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Question1

Theconcept of Monarchs was established by European historians thatenabled them create stable governments. As a peasant farmer, Igreatly contributed to the rise of England during the seventeenthcentury. I and my fellow peasant farmers were specializing incompetitive production that could be enough for the market in orderto continue leasing. This was only possible for a few of us who hadsurplus for the market. The forces in the market were a driving forceto our continued production which in turn led to a rapid growth ofthe economy. A few of the peasants who were unable to pay the fineswere made landless and become labourers on large scale farms as wellas consumers of the goods that we produced for the market. Theincrease in the number of consumers led to the growth and developmentof England market. Further, we were able to secure more lands due toincreased income from our farm produce. Land was now affordable, andmore people bought land leading to increased production that led tothe growth of the economy. The Monarch of England increased taxes tofarmers, and this increased his earnings.

Question2

The was a period characterized by wars. Majority ofthese wars were on reformation and religion.

  1. Identify the religions that were fighting during this period.

  2. Explain how the wars in England ended?

  3. Who emerged victorious and how?

Duringthe Early Modern Europe, this was a period involved a number of rapidchanges. These changes greatly affected the economy of Europe. Morediscoveries were invented and this undermined science.

  1. Explain one of the rapid changes.

  2. How did these changes affect the economy?

  3. What were some of the discoveries?

Duringthis era, most of the citizens were farmers who resided in the ruralareas. They lived in small villages and majority of them weretenants. These farmers represented 90% of the whole population inEurope.

  1. How were the farmers able to sustain their daily needs?

  2. Did the farmers have enough for the market?

  3. Did the farmers have alternative sources of income?

Theeconomic problems in the early modern Europe included inflation,taxes and falling wages due to the introduction of world gold. Kingsdepended upon the taxes levied on farmers whereby only 30% ofcollections were allocated to the king hence leading to high rates.

  1. What were the other sources of Kings Income?

  2. How did inflation affect early modern Europe?

  3. What were the tax rates?

Absolutemonarch is a type of government whereby a country is governed by amonarch having all the powers and not abiding by any of the laid downlaws. Absolute monarchy emerged towards the end of sixteenth centuryand was adopted in the seventeenth century.

  1. Identify one of the monarchs who had these absolute powers.

  2. Where did the monarchs get all these powers?

  3. What was the reaction of the populace?

Question3

Inmy opinion, Global warming is the biggest challenge facing theenvironment. This refers to a general increase in temperatures on theland and oceans. Global warming is caused by having too much carbondioxide in the atmosphere. This carbon acts like a sheet that trapsheat leading to increasing in temperatures on the earth. Globalwarming is mainly caused by human behaviors of burning fossil fuelsand natural gas.

Humanactions cause most of the environmental pollutions. In order toreduce environmental pollution, human action must be controlled.Children must also be taught on how to protect the environment from atender age so that they can grow up knowing on the importance toconserve the environment. It is also important for governmentdepartment to supervise on the activities that are prone to causeenvironmental and public health effect. The United States isdemonstrating the need to preserve the environment and has introducedlaws that help protect the environment. The U.S has further enteredinto treaties with other international countries to promote theimportance of conserving the environment. This law has been veryhelpful and has been adopted by majority of the nations.