Environmental psychology 5
Thereare many environmental problems in today’s society which are mainlycaused by human activities. Therefore, there is a need for humans tochange their perceptions and behaviors towards the environment sothat the environment can sustain our needs without degrading itscarrying capacity. helps understandrelations between man and environment and comes up with ways ofstrengthening this relationship.
Environmentalpsychology is a discipline that understands the relations between manand his environment (De Young, 2013). It incorporates differentdisciplines such as psychology, anthropology, biology among others.This enables it to cut across all aspects of both humans and theenvironment thus able find solutions to our everyday challenges inour society. It is incorporated in different settings such asschools, urban planning facilities among others. Environmentalpsychology is carried out when monitoring the interactions of man andthe environment.
Humanshave the ability to digest any information they receive from theenvironment. The environment/setting in which the human being is indetermines the information they receive. The information in thiscase, is anything they obtain from the environment. This informationdescribes the various events in our lives. Therefore, there is aconnection between this information and human affect which will leadto his/her behavior/actions towards the environment. In anenvironment where humans obtain this information, they will respectnature and therefore have a good relationship with nature (Kaplan,1995). This is referred to as a rational person model.
Thismodel deals with interactions among three domains in assessing thisinformation (Kaplan, 1995). The first domain is mental thinking. Thisis where an individual discovers his setting and tries to understandit. This will depend on whether his setting conveys the rightinformation (provision of needs) to him. The second model is theaffective model. The individual develops attitudes or feelingsdepending on the perception of his setting. In this domain, anindividual needs to be level headed and not change his attitude asthis will determine the outcomes. The last domain is action. It isimportant for an individual’s action to be significant and heshould feel like he is part of the world as he has a goodrelationship with nature and vice versa.
Environmentalpsychology encourages humans to imitate this model. This is becausethis model is focused on clarity, positive thinking, therefore, theiractions are selfless. This person also focuses on solving societalproblems and trying to understand the nature. It discourages peoplefrom focusing on what they will gain from nature. This is because,when nature is unable to provide for some of the human needs as aresult of environmental degradation, humans will start overexploitingit. There is a need for people to live within carrying capacity, andthis is by changing their behavior towards the environment.
Climatechange has been acknowledged as a global menace that needs to beaddressed. It has led to an increase in fatality rate. Environmentalpsychology is an important discipline that has a major contributionin mitigating climate change as it entails relationships betweennature and humans. This discipline helps researchers and scientistsunderstand why humans cause negative impacts which lead to climatechange and some of their coping responses. It has also helped byproviding links between the government and the public wherebypsychologists ensure that the public are receptive towards theenvironmental policies. They have also devised several approaches ofchanging the public’s thinking so as to make them carry outenvironmental friendly activities (De Young, 2013).
Environmentalpsychology is a very important discipline which needs to beincorporated as the only way of solving societal problems is byunderstanding humans and their relationships with the environment.
Clayton,S., & Brook, A. (2005). “Can psychology help save the world? Amodel for conservation psychology,” Analysesof Social Issues and Public Policy (ASAP), 5(1),87-102.
DeYoung, R. (2013) “ overview. In S. R. Kleinand A. H. Huffman (Eds.),” GreenOrganizations: Driving Change with IO Psychology,Pp. 17-33