ErikErikson Psychosocial Stages of Development
Norrishinterview in accordance to Erik Erikson Stages of Development
ErikErikson outlines developments stage that a person undergoesthroughout the lifetime. He argues that children grow in apredetermined sequence. Rather than paying attention to the cognitivegrowth, he focuses on how children interact and the way thisinfluences their sense of self. The theory of psychosocialdevelopment developed by Erik Erikson has eight different stages,each stage having two possible results (Erikson & Coles, 2000).As per this theory, successful conclusion of every stage contributesto successful relations with others and a healthy personality.Avoidance of one stage or having incomplete stage can contribute toreduced capability to complete the next stages hence, leading to theunhealthy sense of self and personality. Nevertheless, incompletestages can be solved in subsequent stages (Levine & Munsch,2011).
Here,the paper offers a discourse on the stages by conducting an interviewwith Norris, a 25 year-old unmarried lawyer working in Smith andEdward Law firm in Chicago. He gives a brief history of his sociallife, which he can integrate with the psychosocial developmenttheory.
Me:What do you look forward for in the near future?
Norris:In the next five years, I would like to get married, and I pray tohave a stable family with three children.
Me:What is your primary goal you would like to attain in future?
Norris:My main goal is to be able to sustain my family needs. Provide themwith all what they need especially my children. This calls for abetter salary, so I need to secure a promotion in my firm.
Me:What is your best achievement so far?
Norris:Being where I am currently is my best achievement ever. I have alwaysadmired to be who I am.
Me:What is your best favorite childhood reminiscence? And why?
Norris:I remember vividly when I was nine years it was on I4th Jan 1998, mybirthday. In my family, I remember we used to have limited funds andrarely did we eat from a restaurant. However, this was a very specialday for me, the first day I celebrated my birthday and had theopportunity to eat in a good restaurant. My dad surprised me and toldme to choose and ask for what I wanted. Seriously, I felt good and Iwished this could happen every day. Whenever I recall this incidence,I feel like my spirit and energy to work more hard has been renewed.
Me:What is most favorite thing concerning yourself?
Norris:I think the most favorite thing about me is that I love working hardand never lose hope.
Me:If you can alter one thing concerning the world, what can you change?
Norris:I can change inequalities and unfair treatments among people.
Me:If you could be given a chance to alter one thing concerningyourself, what could it be? And why
Norris:I love the way I am, but I would change the life I spend in myelementary school. I could not understand the meaning of attendingschool, and I wasted a lot of time during this period.
Me:What is the thing that astonishes you most?
Norris:To die young
Me:What make you feel you have achieved in life?
Norris:I can sustain myself and assist my dear family plus some few lessfortunate who need my help?
Me:How do you think people think of you?
Norris:I do not care so much, what people think about me as long as they donot interfere with my life, but I like having a good reputation in mysociety.
Me:Assume that you are talking to young people what advice could yougive them?
Norris:Simply take care of your life and always give life the best you canto avoid living regretting now and then when things turned againstyour wish.
Inthis interview, one can undoubtedly see that Norris has undergone anumber of psychosocial development stages. Nevertheless, there is astage that seems to be incomplete.
Trustvs. Mistrust (0- 1 year)
Themost important event in this stage is feeding. Norris has created asense of trust with his caregivers who provided care, affection, andreliability. This is evident by the love Norris show towards hisfamily.
Trustvs. Shame and doubt (1-3 years)
Thisstage involves developing a sense of individual control for physicalabilities and sense of self-rule (Salkind, 2006). Norris assertionsclearly reveal that he passed through this stage. He has self-esteem,which shows he did grow with confidence and the needed securityaround him.
Initiativevs. Guilt (3-5 years)
Thisstage also seems to be very complete for Norris. The main idea behindthis stage is exploration. There is no sign of inferiority in thewhole interview.
Identityvs. Inferiority (6-11 years)
Norrisis contented with his life however, he seems to regret the life hespends during this period. He wasted a lot of time, and he thinksthat he could have achieved better goals if he only knew the meaningof attending school at this stage. When he is asked about the advicehe can give to young people, he said they should take care and givelife the best. This further shows that there is something he missedin his early life. The story he also narrated indicate that thisstage was not splendid for him. He has all the reason to curse thisstage. He does not feel good about all what he achieved, and hethought that he could have achieved better results.
Identityvs. Role Confusion (12-18 years)
Norrishas developed personal and self-identity. He knows what he wants inlife. It is at this stage that he started working hard to accomplishhis objectives in life.
Intimacyvs. Isolation (19-40 years)
Heis currently in this stage. He portrays all traits for this stage. Heaspires to get married, have children, and be promoted in his firm.This indicates he is focusing on his future life. He feels he hasachieved in life through sustaining himself, assisting his family andassisting the less fortunate. He fears to die young indicating thereis much he needs to accomplish in the future. The desire to havefamily and assisting the less fortunate show that he is not isolatedfrom the society and he feel loved and a member of community.
IfI have to advice Norris, I would start at Identity vs. Inferioritystage. He seems to regret his moves starting from this stage he evenfinds nature to be unfair to others may be because of the environmenthe was brought in. He thinks his life has a vacuum that need to befulfilled.
Erikson,E. H. (1980). Identityand the life cycle.New York: Norton.
Erikson,E. H., & Erikson, J. M. (1997). Thelife cycle completed(Extended version / ed.). New York: W.W. Norton.
Erikson,E. H., & Coles, R. (2000). TheErik Erikson reader.New York: W.W. Norton.
Levine,L. E., & Munsch, J. (2011). Childdevelopment: an active learning approach.Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE.
Salkind,N. J. (2006). Encyclopediaof human development.Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Welchman,K. (2000). ErikErikson: his life, work, and significance.Buckingham: Open University Press.