Gastrointestinal Disorders

GastrointestinalDisorders

GastrointestinalDisorders

Qn1.Isthis acute or chronic gastritis?

Thesymptoms point to the possibility that the man is suffering fromacute gastritis. This gastrointestinal disorder occurs when there isinflammation of gastric mucosa which lines the inner walls of theabdomen. The inflammation of the stomach walls is associated with thepain that the man is feeling, especially immediately after wakeningup, when eating, and the loss of appetite. Pain that occurs in thecase of acute gastritis last for a short duration.Qn2.Whatfactors may lead to the development of gastritis?

Theare many factors that lead to the development of gastritis, but themain factors include: Old age It has been established that the riskto gastrointestinal disorders increases significantly with age, older individual being at more risk of developing this type ofdisorders. The gastric mucosa that coats the wall of the stomachshield it from acid and other pathogens has a tendency of thinningwith age. Excessive intake of alcohol has the potential of irritatingthe mucosa lining which increases the likelihood of developinggastritis. Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages is associatedwith acute gastritis. Depression and stress, infection by bacteria,excessive use of pain relievers, and diseases such as HIV/AIDS mayall lead to the development of gastritis. Autoimmune disorder andsome surgical operations on the individuals suffering from chronicconditions can also increase the chances of developing gastritissignificantly.Qn 3.What investigation should be performed?

Briefexamination of a patient’s medical history may be enough topinpoint gastritis, but more often than not a thorough medical testand examination may be paramount. Endoscopy is used to examine thedigestive system to search for indications of inflammation. To alarge extent endoscopy makes it possible for a doctor to assess thegastric mucosa to establish whether there are signs of gastritis.Small body ells may be removed in the process for laboratoryassessment. Laboratory test for H. pylori bacteria that causegastritis may be done on a patients stool, blood sample, and breath.In some cases an X-ray may be carried out on the digestive tract tolook for signs of inflammation in the walls of the stomach.Qn4.Howcan the patient be treated?

Treatmentofacute gastritis is dictated by the factor that is linked to thedisorder. In some cases individuals suffering from acute gastritis donot require any form of treatment and are only required to adopt abetter lifestyle and shun from activities that cause the disorder. Ifa medical practitioner is able to establish that the cause of thedisorder is bacterial infection, antibiotics may be used, especiallyin the cases of chronic gastritis that result from H.pyloribacteria. Other medications may vary from prescription of H2antagonists, use of antacids and proton pump inhibitor that hinderthe release of acid in the stomach. In circumstances where gastritisemanates from alcohol or NSAIDS then discontinuation of driving forceshould be initiated. Lowering the amount of acid in the abdomen isone of the ways of controlling this gastrointestinal disorder. Inthis case antacids may be used to reduce the effects of acid on thewalls of the stomach.

Homecaremay also be used to initiate lifestyle change in order to treatgastritis, this may encompass reduction in the amount of alcoholingested, reducing stress by engaging in activities that are fun andhealthy, eating regular small meals and keeping away from acidic,spicy and fried meals.

References

Magnus,M. (2007). Essentialsof infectious disease epidemiology.Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers

LippincottWilliams &amp Wilkins. (2002). Illustratedmanual of nursing practice.Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams &amp Wilkins.