Gender Specific Program for Women Offenders

GenderSpecific Program for Women Offenders

GenderSpecific Program for Women Offenders

Inreaction to the swelling number of female offenders in the UnitedStates criminal justice system, it is of paramount import that agender –responsive correction program that seeks to respond tovarious factors that affect women lives are integrated. In order todevise apt programs that meet the needs of female offenders, it isparamount to consider who they are, that is, different elements thatinfluence their pattern of offending. It is crucial that an in-depthanalysis of women in the criminal justice program is done to come upwith an effective program that suits their needs (Linda, 2005).

Gender–Specific Program

Keysalient features of female offender in the United States criminaljustice program is usually unmarried, aged between 25-30, hasexperienced a troubling childhood and is likely to be a victim ofsexual crime, has drug abuse problems, is an alcoholic, is a highschool dropout. Many have been arrested for many times, has no lowability and come from a poor background (Pasko, 2013). In short,these females require treatment from trauma, substance abuse,schooling and guidance and skills to perform particular jobs andgeneral parental skills. In this light, is it important that theintervention developed should be gender sensitive and attend to theveracities of their lives (Linda, 2005). Such programs should focuson creating an empowering, compassionate and mutual bond to helpfemale offenders deal with different elements that predispose them tocommitting crime. Though there may be variations based on culture,race and class, a framework that focuses on building relationship canbe self –empowering. Therefore, a gender specific correctionprogram should be devised to meet unique needs of femalelawbreakers, that takes into consideration the female growth anddevelopment, that places immense significance on female perspective,honors and respects and values female experience and that seeks toempower women to attain their full potential, and that encouragesthem to work and change their attitudes so that they do not slip backto deviant ways after they are released from prison (Pasko, 2013).

Conclusion

Thetype of correction program that can be effective in reducingrecidivism in the female population should encompass women –specificcorrectional programs such as treatment for substance abuse in caseswhere drug abuse was responsible for criminal behavior, child carearrangements for female offenders in community related plan, shouldinclude mentors with ability to stimulate growth and exemplifypersonal strength while offering support and care, facilitate theprogress of visitation by theirchildren, offering support andcreation of relationship that assist female offenders to build upstrong and healthy connections.

References

Linda,S.(2005). GenderResponsive Strategies for Women Offenders.National Institute of Corrections, United States Department ofJustice. Retrieved from:https://s3.amazonaws.com/static.nicic.gov/Library/020419.pdf

Pasko,L. (2013). Thefemale offender: Girls, women, and crime.Thousand Oaks: SAGE