Groupcounseling refers to a form of therapy where individuals with similarissues and experiences come together and air out their problems witha professional therapist. It chiefly focuses on certain issues likedepression, addiction, eating disorders, or bereavement (Corey,2006). All members in the group contribute some way to the counselingsession by either airing out their views or listening to others. Inopen group counseling new members are free to join at anytime. Onemay be required to adjust for a period of time while trying to knowthe other group attendees.
Counselingfor depressed people
Cognitivebehavioral therapy is one of the most recommended therapies fortreating depression. The group consisted of seven students whosuffered from both studying difficulties and depression. During thecounseling session, members were given some self-help books. Thegroup attended 16 sessions that lasted for approximately 2 hourseach. During the last session, the group consisted of 6 members sinceone of the members dropped off the sessions after the seventhsession. Initially, the group counseling aimed at helping theparticipants to fully contribute in an active manner. However, at alater stage it focused on feelings of powerlessness and helplessnessand how these feelings affected their performance in class.Afterwards, all members were advised on various ways that could helpthem analyze their daily activities and plan for new strategies fortheir studies and actions. Similarly, members indulged in exercisesas well as learned new strategies for managing their emotions. In theend, they evaluated what they had gathered/learned and what they haveto do in the future.
Thiscounseling aims at helping individuals deal and cope with the deathof their loved one in an effective manner (Doughty, Wissel, &Glorfield, 2011). It incorporated 5 members, 2 women and 3 men.During the initial stages, the group members were asked about theirloss, how they carried on with their lives since the death of theirloved ones, and about their former relationships with the deceased.There were instances of yelling and crying amongst the participantssince answering some of the questions stirred some sadness and angeramongst them. The counseling sessions lasted for over six consecutiveweeks and each session took approximately 2 hours.
Bothcounseling sessions took over 6 weeks with each session takingapproximately 2 hours
Bothtype of counseling involved less than 6 participants
Participantswere actively involved in the counseling sessions
Duringthe bereavement counseling sessions, individuals seemed to know whythey experienced the painful emotions of grief as well as emotionsand thoughts that came along with the painful loss of their lovedones (Gladding, 1996). On the other hand, participants in thedepression counseling sessions did not seem to understand the lossthat they suffered from. Again, participants in depression counselingsessions attributed their mourning to the internal world whereasthose in bereaved attribute their mourning to the external world(Wakefield, 2013). In other words, depressed individuals attributedand blamed their problems to people close to them whereas bereavedindividuals attributed their loss to some supernatural powers.
Thissession offered an understanding of mourning process, helped themexplore areas that had the potential of preventing them from movingforward, help them adjust to new sense of self, as well as addresspossible issues of suicidal or depression thoughts (Adelson, 2005).
Adelson,J. P. (2005). Feedback and group development. SmallGroup Behavior,6, 389-401.
Corey,M. (2006). Process and practice groups (7th Ed.).Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole.
Doughty,E. A., Wissel, A., & Glorfield, C. (2011). Current Trends inGrief Counseling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gladding,S. (1996). Counseling: A comprehensive profession (3rdEd.).Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Wakefield,J. C. (2013). DSM-5 grief scorecard: Assessment and outcomes ofproposals to pathologies grief. WorldPsychiatry,1, 2-13.