Mentalhealth problems are a major issue in the United States. Although thegovernment is working hard towards transforming mental healthprovision in the country, research has shown that disparities existin mental health care (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,1999). Some of the major barriers linked with this include societalstigma, bias, high cost of care provision, failure of careprofessionals to understand cultural issues, language barriers, aswell as mistrust or fear of treatment. In addition to this, suchdisparities are also known to originate from the struggles ofdiscrimination and racism that impact the mental health of theminorities.
Studiesalso indicate that over 2 percent of young people and children sufferfrom mental health issues (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2000). Inorder to deal with this, key stakeholders have been taught regardingthe degree of such issues and are working together with health careexperts with the aim of making mental health resources accessible.School based programs have provided a good platform of diagnosis aswell as treatment.
TheFederal Mental Health Action Agenda has provided an extraordinarychance of transforming the structure of the mental health servicesystem in the US. Through this, individuals including adults andchildren suffering from mental illnesses as well as emotionaldisturbances would be able to access mental services more easily.
Anumber of mental health care exists in the US. For instance, MedicarePart B is a kind of medical insurance covering mental healthservices. It helps persons with mental health issues to visit varioushealth care professionals for assistance. Secondly, the NationalInstitute of Mental Health (NIMH) aims at transforming the treatmentand awareness of mental health by undertaking clinical research thusenhancing cure and recovery. NIMH fosters research in the promotionof behavioral sciences and brain discovery in order to find out whatresults in mental illnesses. Lastly, the Substance Abuse and MentalHealth Services Administration (SAMHSA) aims at planning, creating,and coordinating campaigns with the aim of enhancing understanding onmental disorders besides making recovery possible (SAMHSA, 2009).
AmericanAcademy of Pediatrics (2000). Insurance coverage of mental health andsubstance abuse services for children and adolescents: a consensusstatement. Pediatrics,106: 860– 862.
SAMHSA(2009).Transforming mental health care in America. The Federal ActionAgenda: first steps.Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/federalactionagenda/NFC_FMHAA.aspx
U.S.Department of Health and Human Services. (1999). Mentalhealth: A report of the Surgeon General,Rockville,, MD