HumanBehavior on Environment
HumanBehavior on Environment
Morethan often it is assumed that human perceive and comprehend thesurrounding environment through senses and the subsequenttransmission to the mind. Contrary to this notion is that thesurrounding influences personalities, both genetically andphysically, through the information generated in that surrounding andconveyed into the minds of those persons (Steg, 2013). The alarmingrate of climate change being experienced globally has necessitated aglobal measure to save the environment. Human behavior has constantlyaffected the structure of the environment. Human behavior isexperienced at the local level as well as the global platform.Consequently, the effects arising from the various human activitiescan either be good or negative (Steg, 2013). The adverse effectsconsist of pollution, climate change, noise, deforestation and theextinction of different species. The constructive effects comprise ofthe protection of threatened species, and the safeguarding of thevital earth’s resources.
Howenvironmental cues shape behavior
Anenvironmental cue refers to features in the environment that sendvital data or generate effective responses out of individuals (Steg,2013). The cues encourage individuals to act in a particular waysubject to how those around them react to those cues. Human impact onthe environment is an inevitable course. The environment influencesan individual behavior at different stages. By virtue of theirexistence, human beings will always leave a mark on the immediateenvironment around them. The destructive impact of such human actionsis the core cause for alarm concerning the earth’s future. Existinggraphical proof from satellite snapshots shows that there is starkdamage on the ozone layer. Gases like methane, carbon dioxide, andchlorofluorocarbons predominantly found in aerosol-based spraysdestroy the layer (Manning, 2009). The layer shields the earth fromultraviolet energies from the sun. Its depletion can lead to globalwarming. Much of the waste on the planet can be attributed to largelyhuman activities. The most debated harmful effects include soilcontamination, air pollution, and water contamination.
Environmentalpollution is a major cause for illnesses on earth. Diseases impedehumans’ capacities both mentally and physically which in the longrun affects their ethical principles. Compromising the ethicalstandards of a friendly environment contributes to the suffering ofhumanity. A conducive environment offers pleasant things to humansfor their survival in their individual habitats. Such an environmentis devoid of any kind conflict of distribution natural resources.Consequently, human behavior will certainly be at its finest. Aruined environment will without doubt culminate in clashes betweenindividuals of different sections of the country.
Environmentalcues shape and reshape people as fast as we stroll from one sectionof the region to another. For instance, people have a tendency tobehave honestly in areas that are under watch. Psychologists atNewcastle University did a study on how university workers behavewhen watched and when not being scrutinized. The research found outthat they were more probable to pay for tea or coffee when thecollection box was beside a price list containing a picture of a pairof eyes, compared with one with flowers (Manning, 2009).
Howbehavior can be modified to support sustainability
Perversebehaviors for instance, being intolerant, irresponsible anduncooperative seems to be increasing as time progresses. Althoughthese negative habits are largely pronounced, humans also impact onthe environment positively. There are instances where humans havecontrolled the wildfires. The wildfires if not controlled destroyhuge forest areas and the animals that inhabit. Furthermore, humanbeings have formulated strategies of protecting the endangered animalspecies (Manning, 2009). They do so by breeding virtuallynon-existent creatures in captivation, and releasing them back to thewild when they have the capability of species regeneration. Manyhuman beings have undertaken measures of cleaning water channels,promoting reforestation of damaged regions.
Howsocial norms influence behavior and beliefs about the environment
Anenvironmental cue refers to an element in the environs that has thecapability of sending essential information or eliciting effectiveresponses out of persons. Ecological cues embolden individuals to actin a particular way depending on the reaction of those around them.Recycling is such an example of how ecological cues impact humanbehavior. In metropolises where the occupants are encouraged toreutilize their waste, most folks end up recycling it. The pressureof their neighbors entices persons to do the correct thing (Socialnorms, behavior influence environmental policy, 2013). Social normsare an essential instrument for encouraging pro-environmentalactions, however implementing them is more intricate than it looks.
Althoughmany people would want to respect and engage in sustainable manners,they still end up impacting negatively on the environment. Humanconduct is a mixture of both internal features and psychologicalexternal clues. It is imperative to remember that behavior issituational, so subsequent to an intention to behave in a particularway and situational conditions can result to a dissimilar behavior.It is, therefore, important that the intention be supported andreinforced across diverse situational situations. Moreover it iseasier for persons to participate in maintainable behavior when theycome across fewer impediments. For instance, organic food is morecostly than the regular diet, which can dishearten individuals tochoose the sustainable course (Steg, 2013).
Achievementof pro-environmental values is as a result of the influence ofpro-environmental conducts. People tend to act in a particular waysince they do not only embrace certain standards, but similarlybecause of diverse reasons, for example, economic inducement. Forinstance, people possibly will engage in reutilizing the reason offinancial inducement, but the repetitive deed of reutilizing willgenerate significance for reusing in general.
Possiblesolutions to negative environmental impact
Thereexist several measures of how people can change their daily conductand begin lessening their effect on the environment. It important tonote that, even the slightest human deeds induce environmentalchange. The way we warm our houses and use our electronics, where weget our food determines our impact on the environment (Manning,2009). We upset the environment in much ways. In order to counterthese therefore, we need to ensure properly guided construction,balanced irrigation and legitimate mining. Overfishing is such adetrimental activity to the ecological sustainability. Aggressivehunting and fishing can diminish the whole stocks. By saving gas,water, and electricity everyone will play a role in lessening thedamage to the environment.
Coal-poweredplants are the major emitters of carbon dioxide. Carbon is the maingreenhouse gas in the world`s atmosphere. Saving electricity demandsthe sustenance of certain pertinent measures as a routine. Peopleshould learn to switch off the lights when exiting a room.Furthermore adjusting the thermostat to cooler temperatures in winterreduces the effect on the environment (Manning, 2009). More peopleare embracing the use of energy saving fluorescents bulbs contrary toincandescent bulbs. Additionally, people can also repurpose the useof household items. For instance, they can reuse grocery bags and thecreation of compost manure from organic waste. Such small changeswill ultimately contribute to less waste.
Encouragingthe use of renewable energy is another significant step to achievinga sustainable environment. It is, therefore, imperative thatlegislators pass by laws requiring the use of renewable energies, forinstance, solar and wind power. Additionally, people should grow moretrees in order to increase the general forest cover. More forestcover reduces the greenhouse effect (Manning, 2009).
Furthermore,manufacturing industries have a legitimate duty to ensure anenvironmental assessment impact of their operations. Such industriesshould embrace sustainable packaging for their products. The companyshould demonstrate a sense of environmental commitment and controlthroughout its supply chain.
Althoughaltering the behaviors of the mainstreams that have beenparticipating in very damaging ways is an immense task, it remains anecessary duty. After decades of gross destruction of theenvironment, it’s time to make a turn around and make positivechange the environment. Sustainable behavior barriers come in theform of commitment, convenience, affordability and incentives. Theexistence of the sustainability concept is to make people consciousof their environment (Steg, 2013). Sustainability regularly addressesthe necessity to moderate climate change whereas keeping our existingeconomic connection with the current resources available on earth.Sustainability does not essentially alter our innate driving behavioror reduce the demand for resources. The best resolution is to get alland sundry to find possible solutions and decide the best strategiesfor inhabiting and using the environment.
Manning,C. (2009). Thepsychology of sustainable behavior.St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency.
Socialnorms, behavior influence environmental policy. (2013). Retrievedfrom https://asunews.asu.edu/20130214_behaviorpolicy
Steg,L. (2013). Environmentalpsychology: An introduction.Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.