Influenza 1918 by

Influenza1918 by Lynette Lezzoni Lezzoni is an authorthat concentrateson issuesconcerningthedeadlyflu pandemic that rockedtheworldstartingin January 1918 till theendof 1920. Sheis determinedto covertheseverityandeventsconcerningthedeadlyflu pandemic that ledto massivelossof liveswheremorebetween 40 and100 million peopledied.Majorityof thosepeoplewhosuccumbedto thisdeadlyviruswereyoungindividualswhowerein theagebracketof 15 to 40 implying thattheworldwasrobbedoff its futuregeneration.

Inthisbook,theauthorcarriedout thoroughresearchanddocumentation of thedetailsconcerningtheorigin,effect,andotherrelatedaspectsurroundingthespreadof influenzaaround theworld.Itwasa flu that wasquitestrangein thatitkilledtheyoungstersinsteadof theoldpeopleas usedto be thecase.Peopleusedto contractthevirusanddiequicklythusdenyingthemedicalpractitioners opportunitiesto deliberateon countermechanisms(Lezzoni38). Thewritermanagesto organizetheentirebookinto variouschaptersthat coverdifferent,butinterrelated aspectsconcerningthediseasein its entirety.Shedwellson thewidespreadconcernsregardingtheoriginof theviruswheremajorityof thescientistsbelievethatthebirds,pigs,andotheranimalswereinstrumentalin enhancingthespreadamong humans.There are numerousconspiracytheoriesthat bringnumerousanimalsinto theequationregardingthespreadof thevirusthuscomplicatingthedesireof theresearchers to tackleitproperly.

Theauthordoesa commendableandcomprehensivejobby coveringeventsconcerninginfluenzain mostpartsof theglobewheremoreemphasisislaidon theUS wheresheisconvincedthatwasthemostlyhitplace.There is coverage of thefailuresexperiencedby themedicalprofessionalsandresearchers in their effortsof combating thedeadlyvirus.Testvolunteersthat wereobtainedfrom theprisonscould not diefrom theviruswhereasthedoctorsconductingtheresearchsuccumbedto thevirus(Lezzoni 115). Thecityof Philadelphia Pena recordedthehighestnumberof flu victims(Lezzoni 143). Themassivedestructionof lifewaswitnessedwheremajorityof theindividualswhosuccumbedto thisdeadlyviruswerethosewhohadnomechanismsof supportingthemselves medically. ManyAmericans diedin a ten month’speriodthatanyotherperiodduring the20th century(Lezzoni 204).

Ihaveto confessthatindeedI enjoyedreadingthisbooksince itcoveredthebiological,social,andpoliticalaspectsaffectingthesocieties.Thebiologicalaspectwasportrayedby therateat, which theinfluenzaflu wasspreadingdespite theseverityof themechanismsto combatit.Itwasa virusthat wentcontraryto theexpectation of themedicalprofessionssince itattackedandkilledquickly(Lezzoni 220). Medicalscienceandinputwerehelplessduring thisepidemic since evidenceshowsthatthemajorityof theseprofessionalsfailedto identifythatindeedthisflu wasbeingcausedby a virus.Theotherbiologicalaspectis thatthisvirus,justlike mostof them usedto changeits structureandformationconstantlythusmakingittoughfortheprofessionalsto tackleitquiteeasily.

Thesocialaspectof thisflu thatIenjoyedwasthefactthatpeople,dwellingon medicalresearchfindingswerescaredof associatingwith their animalslike birdsandpigs.There is evidenceto depictthatmillions of peoplediedespeciallytheyoungoneswhoweresupposedto playintegralpositionsin thefutureof theworldespecially.Lezzoni(119) argues that suchdeathsmeantthattheworldwasdenieda chanceof havingthemosthardworking generationsthat could haveledto tremendousgrowth.On thepoliticalfront,majorityof thenationswerereluctantto acceleratetheir warplansandtheexistingrivalry.Thevirusactedas a unifying factorto mostof thewarring nationssince there wasa needto havecoordinatedeffortsin fightinga commonenemy.Sucha motivewasquiteenjoyablesince itwasinstrumentalin enhancingunityamong nationsat leastfora shortperiod.

Myfavoritepartis theentirechapterfive, which concentrateson thefailuresof professionalsandresearchers whohadspecialized in medicineandotherrelatedfields.There are instanceswheredoctorsusesomevictimsto undertakenumeroustestsas requiredby their researchparadigmsonlyforthedoctorsto succumbto deathsbeingcausedby thevirusinsteadof therealvictims.Sucha scenarioshowsthattheflu wastakinga ratherinterestingtwist since itisexpectedthatvictimsare theonessupposedto diein suchundertakingsandnot thedoctorssince doctorshavea betterunderstandingon howto carryout themselves to avoidingcontracting diseasesduring thetests.

Chapterfive wasalsointerestingbecause ithelpedto exposetheshortagesthat werebeingexperiencedin theUS andEuropean nationsregardingdoctors.Theviruswasspreadingat alarmingratesthusreachinga pointwhereitoverwhelmedthepresentnumberof doctors.Veterinarians anddentistswerecalledupon to fillthegapthat wasbeingcreatedby increasedcasesof influenzaflu (Lezzoni 115). Sucha mixtureof rolesthatdeviate professionalspecialization showsthedegreeof unpreparedness that has beenpartof thehealthsystemsof suchnationsfordecades. Thechapterwasinterestingandenrichedto givea clearpictureof howthenationsweredesperateanddeterminedto fightinfluenzaflu usingallmeansat their disposal.

WorkCited

Lezzoni,Lynette. Influenza1918: The Worst Epidemic in American History.New York: TV Books, 1999. Print.