LANGUAGE CHANGE 4
Languageis a sequence of arbitrary symbols with meaning. These symbols havemeaning. Behaviorists regard language as learned that involves astimulus and response. The learning perspective concludes thatchildren learn from what they see and hear. At first, they only makesounds, and then they learn how to create these sounds to significantwords. Later, the child can construct sentences as well ascommunicate in a more complex manner. In order to change to anotherlanguage, the same steps are followed, and one must understand thelanguage law systems of that language (Keyser& O`Neil 2010).The first rule system is phonology. This governs the phonemes thatare the basic speech sounds, and they differ in their distinctivecharacteristics. The second rule system is morphology. They have ofthe smallest units of language that has meaning. Lastly, there issyntax rule system. These refer to ways on how words are combined toform meaningful phrases and sentences.
Differenttheories have been developed to show that a person can change thelanguage if effort is added. The first theory is The NativistPerspective (Keyser& O`Neil 2010).The view argues that human beings are biologically programmed toacquire knowledge. The theorist associated with nativist view is NoamChomsky. Noam stated that humans contain a Language acquisitionDevice that contains grammatical rules present in all languages. Themethod allows children to comprehend whatever language they listento. Further, Chomsky developed concepts of transformational grammarthat transforms a sentence, surface words that are written andfinally deep structure that compose the meaning of the sentence(Keyser& O`Neil 2010).
Interactionisttheory also supports the change of style. The theory demonstratesthat language development is both social and biological. It isinfluenced by the desire to communicate with others (Keyser& O`Neil 2010).It states that young children are born with a powerful brain thatdevelops at a slow pace, and this provides them with an opportunityto learn new things that motivate them to share with others.
Keyser,S. J., & O`Neil, W. A. (2010). Rulegeneralization and optionality in language change.Dordrecht, Holland: Foris Publications.