Mc Crae and Costa’s Five Factor Model of Personality


McCrae and Costa’s Five Factor Model of Personality

Severalstages encompass the personality development process of a person.Personality being the distinct characteristic that differentiates oneperson from the other, largely determines the interrelationship ofdifferent people. The personality characteristics vary from feelings,the way and manner of thinking as well as a behavioral outlook.Additionally, there are several factors that influence thepersonality among them being the environment, culture, genetics andthe arrangement of birth order. It is, however, notable that thepersonality development process is a continuous aspect involving thelearning concept and interaction with people. Human characteristic ofbeing social best explains the concept of personality development(Harwood 2011). In a study of personality and development, there havebeen five main areas that explain the theory of personalitydevelopment. These are categorized as the big five factors ofpersonality development in an individual. This essay seeks to examinethe Mc Crae and Costa’s five-factor model of personality.

Anindividual is deemed to be open or intellect when they reflect acertain aspect of creativity and curiosity in their lives. This ismainly influenced by the distinct changes take place in thedevelopmental cycle of an individual in relation to their personality(Harwood 2011). For instance, the maturation process of an individualaffects their personality in terms of creativity. A person hasvarying levels of openness and creativity in their development cycle.Personality characteristics of an individual are affected by thecycle of development. For instance, an adolescent will depict amixture of personality traits among themselves. At the infant stagesof human development, a child will only have the personality from theenvironment and those taking of them. It is this factor ofpersonality that gives a person aspect of independence (Feist 2013).

Secondly,there is the conscientiousness factor which gives an individual thecharacteristic of being organized and also being dependable. In thisfactor, an individual is portrayed as someone who likes to follow aplan in their actions. The factor also explains the reason behindself-discipline in an individual (Harwood 2011). It is also notablethat the aspect of conscientiousness explains the competency ofindividuals in handling their affairs. Conscientious individualswould follow a well structured manner of doing things. Motivation isalso mentioned in this factor in relation to goal achievement.However, quite a number of individuals show the opposite of thisfactor and portray traits such as laziness and lack of clear goals(Feist 2013).

Thirdly,extraversion factor is analyzed in the five-factor model, and itsassociated effects are reflected. An individual is termed to beextrovert if they show signs of vigor in their activities (Feist2013). These individuals are full of energy and have positiveemotions towards other people. They are also characterized by theirsociability and talkativeness in the presence of others (Harwood2011). This factor explains the reason some individuals will alwayswork as a team rather than as independent persons. Another notableaspect of individuals with this trait is their high levels ofoptimism and is always results-oriented.

Fourthly,there is a factor of agreeableness in individuals as explained by thefive-factor model. Individuals in this category depict high levels ofcompassion and cooperation in their activities and interactions withothers. They do not portray suspicion or any level of antagonism intheir relationships (Harwood 2011). The factor also expounds thetrust levels in these individuals and their helpfulness to others.These groups of people tend to be sympathetic and humble in thepresence of their friends. They are also straightforward and honestin their relationships. However, there may be the reflection ofcynical and rudeness trait in individuals with low levels of thisfactor (Feist 2013).

Lastlyin the five-factor model, is the neuroticism trait which is reflectedby the levels of emotions in an individual. This factor expound onthe concept of individual emotional stability and their effects tothe outside environment. Some of the emotions depicted are, anger,depression and anxiety. These groups of people are hostile andself-centered (Harwood 2011).

Thefactor to expound on in relation to the scriptures is theagreeableness factor. The two characters to be used are Simon Peterand Judas Iscariot. Simon Peter is portrayed as straightforward asin the case in Luke chapter 22:50, when he tried to attack the crowdthat came to arrest Christ. On the other hand, Judas is portrayed asmanipulative as shown by the act of betraying Jesus by obtainingmoney. Simon is also portrayed as trustful as in the case when Christchose him to be the rock upon which Churches will be founded. Judashas the suspicious character depicted during the last supper. Simonis also portrayed as a helpful character through the way he consolesMary, the mother of Christ and other women during and after thecrucifixion of Christ. Judas, on the other hand, is ruthless andcynical, and he ends up committing suicide.

Ina nutshell, it is, therefore, notable that the five-factor model ofpersonality influences the behaviors of an individual. The cultureand environmental factors also play key roles in the development ofpersonality of a person. The Mc Crae and Costa’s exposition isfounded on the basic personality development cycle.


Harwood,T. M., Beutler, L. E., &amp Groth-Marnat, G. (2011). Integrativeassessment of adult personality.New York: Guilford Press.

Feist,J., Feist, G. J., &amp Roberts, T.-A. (2013). Theoriesof personality.New York: McGraw-Hill.