Medical Model of Corrections


MedicalModel of Corrections

MedicalModel of Corrections

Medicalmodel is a model of corrections that views abnormal behavior as aresult of psychological, social and biological deficiencies and thusshould have medical treatment. There is employment of differentmethods when taking corrective measures that also assist in deterringothers from breaking the same rules. Examples of the philosophiesemployed include – rehabilitation, incapacitation, retribution anddeterrence (Barbour, 1995). This essay discusses the Medical model ofcorrection, its pros and the cons.

Severalchanges came about the system of corrections in America in the mid1900s. A new idea always replaced the current one, once it went sour.The prisons had to shift focus quite often from punishing thecriminals to rehabilitation to re-entry into the society and thenincarceration. The major aim of the medical model was to treat thecriminals illnesses with the hope that the criminal would be cured ofthe ailment by the time he is released thus might not reoffend. Theprogram faced setbacks given that there was the lack of propertesting and budget problem (Barbour, 1995).

Thepros of this model are that it helps the ill criminals to recover. It also comes in handy in stopping the criminal from reoffending. Thecons of this model are that failure in diagnosis of the illness couldlead to the criminal repeating the same offense. The model cannot beof help to all inmates because some offenders have always set theirmind to just commit crimes (Abadinsky, 2012).

Inconclusion, medical model of correction assists in rehabilitating thecriminals prison and preventing crimes. There is the need for orderin the society so the prisons have to invest in the best programsthat would rehabilitate the criminals and promote successful reentryinto the society as well as prevent more criminal activities.


Abadinsky,H. (2012). Probation and parole: Theory and practice (11th ed.).Upper Saddle River,

NJ:Prentice Hall.

Barbour,A. B. (1995). Caringfor patients: a critique of the medical model.Stanford, Calif.:

StanfordUniversity Press.