SCHIZOPHRENIA HEALTH EDUCATION 3
MentalIllness: Schizophrenia Health Education
MentalIllness: Schizophrenia Health Education
Schizophreniais a long-term mental disorder psychotic illness, that reflects arange of psychological symptoms to the affected patients. The latterwould be majorly characterized by consistent failure to identify andrecognize what is real as well as abnormal and withdrawn socialbehavior. However, the patient is at times prone to bear capabilityto be able to distinguish their psychotic thoughts from the ideas inreality. Schizophrenia bear some early warning behaviors such asseeing or hearing something that is not there, consistent feelingthat one is being watched, strange body positioning or even having anonsensical and peculiar way of writing or speaking, which all occurprior to the actual illness symptoms.
Illnesssymptoms, on the other hand, include hallucinations in taste, seeing,smelling, or feeling something, false ideas and delusions, anddisordered connection in speech and thoughts. It is, however, veryimportant to note that vast majority of the people have been wrong asto the effects of the disease. Public perception may infer thatschizophrenia holds the ability to split a person’s personalityinto multiple personalities that is entirely wrong. Schizophrenia is‘mind splitting’ rather that ‘personality splitting.’ Thelarger community of persons diagnosed with the disease are neitherviolent nor pose a threat to the society: they will only have a weirdway of view and thought (Baier 2010).
Thereis no single defined test for schizophrenia diagnosis. Requirementsand health commentaries are all assessed and concluded upon by mentalhealthcare profession or a psychiatrist.On the contrary, influenceand effects of the disease neither observes economic, cultural orreligious boundaries. Research shows that over 1% of the globalpopulation are diagnosed with symptoms of the illness with about 2.5million persons in the United States (Baier 2010). Analysis inprevalence record that the disease is most often diagnosed in personsbetween the age of 15 and 35, whereas early symptoms are more visiblein men than women.
Therehas not been identified any direct causes as to the illness. However,early life environment, genetic and heredity factors as well as othersocio-psychological processes rank to be the frontier contributors.Similarly, the wide range of symptoms for schizophrenia have resultedinto a debate on whether the diagnosis reflects on a single or anumber of individually separate syndromes a fact that hasnecessitated a wide range mainstay of treatment.The treatment rangesall way from community mental health team (CMHT) help to medicationand therapy, which all and individual-specific (Smith, Weston &Lieberman 2010). Even though some prescription and recreational drugsappear only to worsen the condition, antipsychotic medicines in aliasto cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) seem to pave their way intobetter patient care.
Givenall these illness facts for schizophrenia, it has been constantlynecessary for medical institutes to structure educational programsaimed to the general public, care-givers, and family members relativeto the patient. The National Alliance on Mental Illness California(NAMHCA 2014) is one such institute vital in offering educationalprograms for surrogates and persons diagnosed with mental illness.The institute offers a variety of programs such as thefamily-to-family programs, general basic programs, peer-to-peerprograms, or eventhe In Our Own Voice (IOOV) public educationprograms, which could apply to a number of individually differentmental illnesses. However, for schizophrenia, this paper chooses theNAMHCA’s family-to-family public education program simply on thebasis of applicability and overall assistance to the patient.
Inany illness -especially when it comes to mental illness- familymembers act as the most crucial care-givers if at all the patient isprone to face recovery. This is a major inventory on which the NAMHCAfamily-to-family care program bases its structure on. In this case,family is regarded as spouses, parents, siblings, partners, childrenand all significant others who directly relate to the patientrelatively on a daily basis. The course drives this family-group intounderstanding the health position their loved ones stand on, helpthem accept facts of the mental illness, and provide advisoryinformation on the best supportive measures that they can engage sothat to help the patient at hand to recover. Indeed, thefamily-to-family educational program is life changing. The programwill not only specify and help understand on the subjective and lifeexperience difficulties for persons living with schizophrenia mentalillness, but also provides an up-to-date recovery information of thepatient such that the care-givers can be able to rate and gaugeeffectiveness of the provided medications and therapy. The programcan be individually funded of may be community sponsored, but itsability to offer advocacy initiatives and expansion services make itentirely important and necessary (NAMHCA 2014).
Inconclusion, as long as schizophrenia still holds as a mass effectmental disorder affecting a considerable population in the globalcommunity it is very important that the public be aware not only ofits presence, but also to also protective and treatment advocaciesthat might help curb such a disease. It is probably the prime reasonthat the National Alliance on Mental Illness- California (2014) cameup with a number of public education programs to create awarenessand spread the treatment measures to the general public, with thefamily-to-family program at the center of this design. The programhas – as projected above, the ability to air all rational measuresimportant in emphasizing the caregiver or parent to patient bond suchthat the resulting consistent mental comfort arrives at a level mindclarity, and eventually, recovery becomes the overall outcome (Smith,Weston & Lieberman 2010).
NationalAlliance on Mental Illness-NAMICalifornia(2014).Informing,Educating & Supporting People with Mental Illness & TheirFamilies.Retrieved August 2, 2014, fromhttp://www.namica.org/education.php?page=family-members&lang=eng
BaierM (August 2010). "Insight in schizophrenia: a review."Currentpsychiatry reports12(4): 356–61.
SmithT, Weston C, Lieberman J (August 2010). "Schizophrenia(maintenance treatment)."AmFam Physician82(4): 338–9.