Methodsand Motives of Terrorist Attacks
Methodsand Motives of Terrorist Attacks
Thereare several means and ways that terrorists apply in order to maim andmurder individuals. Since the recent times, most terror groups suchas Al Qaida have been innovative and came up with new ways to launchthe attacks. Some of the methods employed include the use ofbombings, suicide attacks, vehicle-based attacks, aircrafthijackings, bioterrorism and use of firearms among others (Abrahms,2008). This paper investigates the methods and motives of variousterrorist attacks.
Ina terrorist attack in China, bombs were tossed out of car windowskilling 31 people (Los Angeles Times, 2014). The attack occurred whenthe bombers hauled bomb explosives to a crowd in a northwestern ChinaMarket and the cars subsequently exploding.
Theterrorist attack is largely associated to have been carried out byUighurs that is a Turkic-speaking population of the Muslim. Thisgroup inhabits the Xinjiang, which is located in northwestern China.The attacks were as a result of the group claiming that theirreligion and freedom of movement were being infringed. Additionally,it is seen as retaliatory mission on the ethnic group of Han Chinesewho have moved to the area rendering the Uighurs minority (Abrahms,2008).
Thisfocuses on the suicide bombing that occurred in Volgograd, Russia,which claimed lives of 17 (Russian Times, 2013). In this incident, asuicide bomber detonated a bomb upon seeing a police officer as theyadvanced towards the metal detector in the entrance of the railwaybuilding (O`Loughlin, Holland & Witmer, 2011). The device thatwas used in explosion was stuffed in pieces of scrap metal thendetonated
Itis an attack that was seen as a way of destabilizing the Russiangovernment both in political terms and economically. It is believedto have been carried out by the Jihadi groups occupying the Caucasusregion in Russia (O`Loughlin, Holland & Witmer, 2011). This was away to silence the Russian government and its continued interferencein world affairs.
TruckBombings- US Embassies in East Africa Bombed
Theembassy is bombing in 1998 in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam was a seriesof attacks launched by the Al Qaida terrorist group (History, 1998).In Nairobi, the terrorists had bought a villa three months prior toattacking from where they built and assembled the bomb in the garage.The group would later buy trucks that included a Toyota Dyna inNairobi and Nissan Atlas refrigeration truck in Tanzania`s capital. Acage was formed in the back of the Nissan using six metal bars tolodge the bomb. In Tanzania, the terrorist group rented a house nearthe US embassy from where they would fling the bombs. The bombcomponents that were hauled were hidden in rice sacks (History,1998). In Kenya, the explosives used were packed in approximatelytwenty wooden crates and then placed in the bed of the trucks with adetonator switch on the dashboard. The vehicles were driven andexploded on the embassy.
Thebombing of the US embassies in East Africa was a revenge strategy forthe increased interference of America in world affairs. The allegedinterference was their involvement in extradition and torture of fourmembers of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Ploch, 2010). The fourindividuals had earlier been arrested in Albania before the attacks.
AircraftAttacks and Hijackings- Twin Towers in US
Thisfocuses on 9/11 attacks on the twin towers in US that was carried outby Islamist extremist group, al-Qaeda claiming the lives of 2977people (BBC, 2014). The 19 terrorists hijacked four commercialairplanes and hijacked them in the upper floors of the North andSouth towers of the World Trade Center complex and the third planeinto the Pentagon. However, the fourth plane, Flight 93, was crashedin a field in western Pennsylvania (Hoffman, 2002).
Thiswas an attack aimed at silencing the US government and combatting thecontinual interference it has had on world affairs, as well as the USfight of terrorism. Given that the terrorists were not able todestroy the US military, they interfered with America`s economicpower and prosperity hub, the World Trade Center (Hoffman, 2002). Byattacking these areas, Al-Qaeda anticipated that Americans would fearand weaken in terms of their World standing. It was also a waythrough which the group would get the support of the US in theirpolitical and religious discourse in Middle East and the Muslimworld.
Abrahms,M. (2008). What terrorists really want: Terrorist motives andcounterterrorism strategy. InternationalSecurity, 32(4),78-105.
Hoffman,B. (2002). Rethinking terrorism and counterterrorism since 9/11.Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 25(5), 303-316.
O`Loughlin,J., Holland, E. C., & Witmer, F. D. (2011). The ChangingGeography of Violence in Russia`s North Caucasus, 1999-2011: RegionalTrends and Local Dynamics in Dagestan, Ingushetia, andKabardino-Balkaria. EurasianGeography and Economics, 52(5),596-630.
Ploch,L. (2010). Counteringterrorism in East Africa: the US response.Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.
BBC(2014) 9/11 and the Road to War. BBC History. Retrieved from<http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/events/the_september_11th_terrorist_attacks>on 6thSeptember, 2014.
LosAngeles Times (2014, May). Bombs tossed out car windows in Chineseterror attack 31 dead.Retrieved from<http://www.latimes.com/world/asia/la-fg-china-bombing-urumqi-20140522-story.html>on 6thSeptember, 2014.
History(1998, August). US Embassies in East Africa Bombed. Retrievedfrom<http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/us-embassies-in-east-africa-bombed>on 7thSeptember, 2014.
RussianTimes (2013) Suicide bombing kills at least 17 in Russia`s Volgograd<http://rt.com/news/volgograd-blast-victims-russia-937/>