NURSING QUESTIONS

NURSINGQUESTIONS

  1. What causes the itching associated with scabies? (Points : 2)The mites burrowing into the epidermis

  2. . A lateral curvature of the spine is known as: (Points : 2)Scoliosis

  3. The typical symptoms of osteoarthritis are all except (Points : 2)decreased with weight-bearing and activity during the day

  4. . How are multiple sclerosis and Guillain-Barré similar?(Points : 2)Both result from demyelination by an immune reaction.

  5. Hyperkalemia is: (Points : 2)elevated serum potassium

  6. Dehydration is the result of: (Points : 2)Excessive loss of body fluids, electrolytes and proteins.

  7. Question 7.7. Which of the following diseases does not have a vaccine(Points : 2)SmallpoxChickenpoxHepatitis CMeasles The answer is none

  8. . A Tzank smear is used to diagnose (Points : 2)Herpes simplex I

  9. . A loss of central vision is likely: (Points : 2)macular degeneration

  10. A normal physiological stage in a woman’s lifeexperienced at the average age range of 48-55 years. (Points : 2)Menopause

  11. &nbspWhich of the following statements regarding Downsyndrome is true? (Points : 2)the typical physical characteristics are present at birth

  12. When fluid accumulates where it would not normallyaccumulate in the body such as the brain, lungs, abdomen. (Points : 2)Third-spacing

  13. Question 13.13. Tinea corporis (ringworm) is a _ infection of theskin. (Points 2fungal

  14. The biologic changes associated with adolescenceresult primarily from stimuli from: (Points : 2)increased secretion of estrogen and progesterone

  15. What is a typical presentation of testicular cancer?(Points : 2)Soft, tender, bilateral mass

  16. A major factor leading to increased occurrence ofcancer in the elderly is: (Points : 2)Cumulative exposure to carcinogen

  17. Signs of a detached retina include: (Points : 2)no pain, but increasing dark area floaters

  18. &nbspWhich of the following is correct about Duchennemuscular dystrophy? (Points : 2)Skeletal muscle atrophy can be seen in the legs at an early stage

  19. &nbspWhich of the following would identify an openfracture? (Points : 2)bone exposed through the skin and soft tissue at the fracture site

  20. Question 20.20. A woman’s and man’s best defense in identifyingbreast cancer is (Points : 2)All of the above

  21. Question 21.21. Inflammation of the vagina with a copious yellow-greenfrothy discharge and foul odor is typical of: (Points : 2)Candidiasis

  22. What is the characteristic of a congenital disorder?(Points : 2

Usuallymanifested in the neonatal period

  1. What is likely immediate result of fat emboli from abroken femur? (Points : 2)Pulmonary inflammation and obstruction

  2. Which cells of the dermis release histamine and play arole in the hypersensitivity reactions of the skin? (Points : 2)Mast cells

  3. When a respiratory infection with high fever ispresent in the body, how would the kidney tubules maintain normal pHof body fluids? (Points : 2)Secrete more acids and reabsorb more bicarbonate ions

  4. Question 26.26. What is the distinguishing feature of primaryfibromyalgia syndrome? (Points : 2)Specific trigger points for pain and tenderness

  5. Which factors increase the risk for ovarian cancer? (Points : 2)Use of fertility drugs

  6. Early signs of cancer in the ascending colon include:(Points : 2)occult blood in the stool

  7. What is the most common route for distant metastasis?(Points : 2)Blood

  8. Sexually transmitted infections that are frequentlyasymptomatic in women include: (Points : 2)all of the above

  9. Cutaneous, sinus, ear, and dental infections areprimary sources of bacteria in hematogenous bone infections. (Points :2)True

  10. Which statement applies to testicular cancer? (Points : 2)The cancer usually causes sterility

  11. . With endometriosis, severe pain occurs with eachmenstrual cycle because of: (Points : 2)fibrous tissue responding to hormonal changes

  12. Question 34.34. The control center for thirst is located in the: (Points : 2)Hypothalamus

  13. Question 35.35. Normally, which of the following is reabsorbedcompletely from the filtrate? (Points : 2)Glucose

  14. Question 36.36. Which substance directly controls the reabsorption ofwater from the collecting ducts? (Points : 2)Antidiuretic hormone

  15. Question 37.37. In 95% of cases of delayed puberty the problem iscaused by: (Points : 2)deficit in estrogen or testosterone.

  16. Question 38.38. How are antiviral drugs effective in treatinginfection? (Points : 2)Preventing any systemic effects of viruses

  17. Which of the following statements apply to the sexchromosomes? (Points : 2)They are found only in the cells in the gonads, the ovaries and testes

  18. &nbspWhich of the following statements apply to the sexchromosomes? (Points : 2)They are identified as XX in the female

  19. Which cell component is the most vulnerable target ofradiation? (Points : 2)Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

  20. &nbspInsulin shock may develop in a diabetic person as aresult of: (Points : 2)missing an insulin dose

  21. Which of the following applies to Parkinson’sdisease? (Points : 2)Onset occurs in men and women over 60 years of age

  22. What is the usual time period between the first day ofthe last menstrual period to the time of birth? It is: (Points : 2)Termed the gestation period

  23. Pain perceived in the left arm during the course of aheart attack is an example of: (Points : 2)referred pain

  24. &nbspHuman papilloma virus (HPV) causes: (Points : 2)plantar wart

  25. Question 47.47. Which of the following is caused by an irregularcurvature of the cornea or lens? (Points :2)Astigmatism

  26. Which of the following indicates development ofpregnancy-induced hypertension? (Points : 2)Persistent blood pressure measuring above 140/90

  27. Meconium ileus is often associated with: (Points : 2)cystic fibrosis.

  28. Which of the following is NOT a function of thekidney? (Points : 2)Production of albumin

  29. Question 51.51. Bulimia nervosa is characterized by (Points : 2)alternating binge-eating and purging

  30. Question 52.52. In the case of a x-linked recessive disorder, acarrier mother and unaffected father could produce a (Points : 2)Carrier female

  31. Question 53.53. What must happen in order for the pupil of the eye todilate? (Points: 2)The circular muscle of the iris must contract

  32. Question 54.54. Which of the following is the common first site formetastasis from prostatic cancer? (Points : 2)Testes

  33. Question 55.55. All of the following changes are associated with aging except: (Points : 2)decreased secretion of all hormones

  34. Question 56.56. A major predisposing factor to cervical cancer is: (Points : 2)sexually transmitted diseases, particularly viral

  35. Question 57.57. Chancroid is a lesion found in individuals with syphilis. (Points : 2)True

  36. Question 58.58. Which neurotransmitter is reduced in people with schizophrenia? (Points : 2)Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)

  37. Question 59.59. Even though air is lighter than blood, it can form an embolism and cause the occlusion of a blood vessel. (Points : 2)True

  38. Question 60.60. Loose or watery frequent stools (Points : 2)Diarrhea

  39. Question 61.61. Choose the proportion of the water to body weight to be expected in a healthy infant`s body: (Points : 2)75%

  40. Question 62.62. The inner ear contains the: (Points : 2)organ of corti and semicircular canals

  41. Question 63.63. Coronary artery disease can diminish the myocardial blood supply until deprivation impairs myocardial metabolism enough to cause _, a local state in which the cells are temporarily deprived of blood supply. (Points : 2)ischemia

  42. Question 64.64. Which of the following describes the normal flow of urine? (Points : 2)Collecting duct to the renal pelvis to the ureter to the bladder

  43. Question 65.65. What do the extrinsic muscles of the eye control? (Points : 2)Movement of the eyeball

  44. Question 66.66. The clonic stage of a seizure consists of (Points : 2)Alternating contractions and relation of skeletal muscles

  45. Question 67.67. What factors defend the vagina from infection? (Points : 2)An acid pH between 4 and 5

  46. Question 68.68. What is the term used to describe the degree of pain that is endured before an individual takes action? (Points : 2)Pain tolerance

  47. Question 69.69. Ultrasonography during pregnancy would be helpful in detecting fetal: (Points : 2)Structural anomalies

  48. Question 70.70. What is a major predisposing factor to cervical cancer? (Points : 2)Infection with HPV

  49. Question 71.71. Which of the following statements apply to impetigo? (Points : 2)The infection is highly contagious

  50. Question 72.72. Hemophilia A has been diagnosed in a young boy. He has inherited this defective gene from: (Points : 2)His father

  51. Question 73.73. Rh incompatibility occurs in fewer than 10% of pregnancies and rarely causes hemolytic disease of the newborn in the first incompatible fetus. (Points : 2)True

  52. Question 74.74. Which of the following causes inflammation of the vagina is not a sexually transmitted disease? (Points : 2)Candidiasis

  53. Question 75.75. Which of the following is characteristic of osteoarthritis? (Points : 2)Degeneration of articulating cartilage in the large joints

  54. Question 76.76. Alpha-fetoprotein is used to detect which disorder: (Points : 2)Spina bifida

  55. Question 77.77. Loss of peripheral vision is a manifestation of: (Points : 2)chronic (wide-angle) glaucoma

  56. Question 78.78. Ultrasonography during pregnancy would be helpful in detecting fetal: (Points : 2)structural anomalies

  57. Question 79.79. A decrease in receptor binding for which neurotransmitter is found in depressed individuals? (Points : 2)Serotonin

  58. Question 80.80. 99% of the body’s calcium is found (Points : 2)Bones

  59. Question 81.81. Choose the correct proportion of water to body weight to be expected in a healthy adult’s body: (Points : 2)60%

  60. Question 82.82. Common early manifestations of Parkinson’s disease include: (Points : 2)tremors at rest in the hands and difficulty initiating voluntary movements

  61. Question 83.83. Production of eggs begins in fetal life. (Points : 2)True

  62. Question 84.84. The forceful expulsion of stomach contents out of the mouth through involuntary muscular contractions. (Points : 2)Vomiting

  63. Question 85.85. Insulin shock may develop in a diabetic person as a result of (Points : 2)Missing an insulin dose

  64. Question 86.86. Which cell type of the epidermis initiates immune responses and provide defense against environmental antigens? (Points : 2)Melanocytes

  65. Question 87.87. Typical signs of dehydration include all except: (Points : 2)increased urine output

  66. Question 88.88. Swelling, redness, and pain all describe a commonly known defense mechanism of the body (Points : 2)Inflammation

  67. Question 89.89. A brain tumor causes headache because the tumor: (Points : 2)stretches the meninges and blood vessel walls

  68. Question 90.90. Erysipelas is an acute infection of the skin most often caused by group A streptococci. (Points : 2)True

  69. Question 91.91. Cranberry juice and blueberry juice have been used to combat which type of disease condition? (Points : 2)Urinary Tract Infection

  70. Question 92.92. Systemic effects of rheumatoid arthritis are manifested as: (Points : 2)Swelling and dysfunction in many organs

  71. Question 93.93. The most common bacterial infection managed in general medical practice. (Points : 2)sinusitis

  72. 94. Which of the following would indicate hypoglycemia in a diabetic? (Points : 2)Staggering, disorientation, and confusion

  73. 95. Prolonged diarrhea is more severe in children than in adults because: (Points : 2)fluid reserves are smaller in children.

  74. 96. Lack of exercise during an illness may cause skeletal muscle to undergo (Points : 2)Atrophy

  75. 97. What is common initial signal that a recurrence of herpes simplex infection is developing (Points : 2)Mild tingling or burning along the nerve pathway or on the mouth

  76. Question 98.98. Which foods are eliminated from the diet for children who have gluten-sensitive enteropathy (celiac sprue)? (Points : 2)Cereal grains

  77. Question 99.99. Rheumatoid arthritis is considered to be (Points : 2)a an autoimmune disorder causing chronic inflammation

  78. Question 100.100. Alcohol intoxication can cause which of the following? (Points : 2)Glaucoma

References

Lehne,R. A. (2013).&nbspPharmacologyfor nursing care.St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders.