Aparole board is a group of people with the mandate to make a decisionwhether or not an offender need to be released from prison afterserving a portion of his or her sentence (Whitehead,Dodson, Edwards, and Whitehead, 2013) .In some states, the parole board consists of qualified candidatessuch as criminologists, judges, and psychiatrists to make thejudgement. On the contrary, other states do not have specifiedqualifications for members of the parole board, and they involvecommunity members in making the decision. Unfortunately, conflictsarise as the parole board members make the decision whether or not torelease an offender.
Themain issue that arises when untrained parole board members are makinga decision whether to release an inmate is conflicts. Untrainedparole board members are lack of legal knowledge. For this reason,they are always in conflicts whether to realise a prisoner. This isdue to their different educational background, beliefs, andphilosophies amongst themselves (Petersilia,2009).Untrained personal posses different views on social and politicaltopics hence, they create conflicts before making a final and avalid decision. Therefore, the decision may be based on personalvalues and feelings rather than legal bases.
Therefore,the parole board should consist of only trained and educated criminaljustice professionals rather than untrained personnel. Trainedpersonnel are well conversant with the court ruling hence, theyprovide better decision. They have enough knowledge of theirprofessions from educational background. According to Whiteheadet al (2013),the criminal justice professional should conduct an intensiveresearch before releasing a prisoner. Furthermore, trainedprofessionals hold much discussion and fewer conflicts. This isbecause they have the same knowledge, and they deal with the casefrom the legal perspective.
Petersilia,J. (2009). Whenprisoners come home: Parole and prisoner reentry.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Whitehead,J. T., Dodson, K. D., Edwards, B. D., & Whitehead, J. T.(2013). Corrections:Exploring crime, punishment, and justice in America.Waltham, MA: Anderson Pub.