Personality Types as Identified by Horney

PersonalityTypes as Identified by Horney

PersonalityTypes as Identified by Horney

Unfavorableenvironmental condition that hinders the maturation of the real selfsubjects the affected people to the risk of developing an idealizedimage of themselves. These conditions make the affected persons feelworthless, inadequate, and weak, which then leads to the developmentof defensive strategies (Frager &amp Fadiman, 2013). These peopledevelop different personality types depending on the interpersonalstrategies they adopt. First, some of them develop the narcissismpersonality type. People in this category of personality type findsolution to issues affecting their life by exercising charm orself-admiration (Frager &amp Fadiman, 2013). This type ofpersonality is experienced by people who felt favored and well giftedduring their childhood. This makes them feel that the world is readyto give them all they want, but they may end up in psychologicalcollapse in case they fail to meet their exaggerated claims aboutthemselves.

Secondly,some people develop an arrogant personality type, which makes themfeel motivated by the desire for malicious conquest. People with thistype of personality grew up in harsh environment during the childhoodand this creates the desires to retaliate for the suffering they wentthrough (Frager &amp Fadiman, 2013). The harsh treatment theyreceived during childhood separates them from their real self andmakes them believe that only the strong and the fittest must survivein the world.

Thethird personality type is perfectionism, which is characterized by anattempt to target at flawless excellence. Perfectionists believe thatother people should agree with and live according to theirunderstanding of morals, intellect, and standards (Frager &ampFadiman, 2013). Failure to live up to some standards makes peopleassume that their understanding of moral values is equal to being agood person. This is a form of an idealized image that can make theaffected people hate themselves and feel helpless in case they makeerrors. This shows that perfectionists are separated from their realself and setting perfect standards is merely a defensive strategythat cannot lead to self actualization.


Frager,R., &amp Fadiman, J. (2013). Personalityand personal growth (7th ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.