Philosophy

PHILOSOPHY 2

UniversityAffiliation

WhatIs Your

Froma personal point of view, philosophy is a critical analysis of lifeaspects, its purpose, and beliefs. Aspects in life such as nature,religion and scientific facts, more often disapprove the other. It isthe main reason that human beings form divisions based on suchcritical life aspects (Solomon&amp Higgins 2013).However, one’s past life may affect their perspective on life.Coming from a religious background, life has a purpose, guided by asupreme being. Religious philosophy and ethics defines a life wherepeople have free will, but are guided by a supreme or a supernaturalbeing. It serves to give reason, if not answers to the big questionsregarding God.

Followingreason from religious and ethical philosophy, it becomes challengingto answer two of the survey statements. First, Can people havedefinite knowledge about the external world? Religious books comewith the message that it contains the words of the Supreme Being.However, each day presents itself with new insight on the spiritualworld and God, yet there is a Holy book in each of the worldreligions containing historical records and future predictions oflife(Schofield 2013).

Realknowledge is impossible. We can only have opinions. The statement hastwo angles of view in this aspect. According to religiousphilosophies, factual knowledge on higher power classifies as realbased on belief. However, not all has solid evidence as back up.Therefore, ideologies seem as opinions, but the aspect of beliefpresents real knowledge(Heil 2013).

forms the ideas that feed the mind just as food to the body (Chaffee2013).It leads to critical analysis in search of reason as to why certainthings occur, and other real information exists. Personal opinion onphilosophy is important in the study to argue out against otherpeople’s views.

References

Chaffee,John. (2013). ThePhilosopher’s Way: Think Critically about Profound Ideas. Routledge

Heil,J. (Ed.). (2013).&nbspof mind: A contemporary introduction.Routledge.

Schofield,H. (2013).&nbspThe of Education (RLE Edu K): An Introduction.Routledge.

Solomon,R., &amp Higgins, K. (2013).&nbspThebig questions: A short introduction to philosophy.Cengage Learning.

WhatIs Your ?

Wheredo you stand on these issues? What are your philosophical beliefs?You can indicate your views by writing the appropriate number in thespace provided at the end of each question. Use the following scale:5= true 4= probably true 3= neither probable nor improbable 2=probably false and 1= false.

1. Themind (soul) can exist independently of the body. 4

2. Themind is the brain or a by-product of the brain. 3

3. Humanshave free will. 5

4. Allof our actions are determined by forces beyond our control. 4

5. Personsretain their identity over time so that a seventy-year-old and afive-year-old can be

oneand the same person. __ 1

6. Personsdo not retain their identity over time because they are constantlychanging. __3

7. Thereare universal moral principles that apply to everyone everywhere. 5

8. Moralityis relative to the individual or to society. 5

9. Anall-powerful, all-knowing, all-good God exists. 5

10. Thereis no God. 1

11. Wecan have definite knowledge about the external world. 4

12. Realknowledge is impossible all we can have are opinions. 3