Plea Bargaining



Aplea bargain refers to a treaty made between the defendant and theprosecutor. The defendant agrees to confess to the offences facingthem in exchange for a lesser sentence or dropping of some charges.

Oneof the benefits of a plea bargain includes reducing the potentialjail sentence of an offender. The prosecutor can offer to halve thesentence if an individual can accept his or her mistakes withoutcontesting in a court of law. Second, the offender can negotiate withthe prosecutor to record fewer or less serious offences. Theadjustment makes the offender eligible for parole earlier than theywould have received if all the counts of offences were included.Third, celebrities can avoid negative publicity that can harm theircareers (Vito &amp Maahs, 2012). The corporate and other largeorganizations that sponsor public figures’ events can withdrawassociation with celebrities with a bad reputation to avoid taintingtheir brand names through corporate irresponsibility. Fourth, itgives the offender an opportunity to reform because he or she takesup the responsibility of their actions and voluntarily submittingthemselves before the law. Lastly, the cases reach a conclusion fast.The quick resolutions help the court and state manage caseloadsconveniently (Turner, 2009).

Pleabargaining does also have demerits. One, if the accused is aforeigner, he or she might be deported after completing serving theassigned sentence. Second, criminals often choose a plea to preventthe police from conducting further investigation that could exposeeven greater crimes. Lastly, an offender loses the right for a courttrial, which could find him or her innocent from the crimes leveledagainst him or her (Turner, 2009).

Thebenefits of plea bargaining exceed its drawbacks. For example, itoffers a quick solution to complex cases that would have cost theprosecutor and the judge much time. In addition, the state can savesmoney that it would have allocated o the investigation andprosecution processes. The bargaining is a constitutional rightthus, the prosecutor does not commit an offence when he or she makesa no-contest deal a suspected offender. Lastly, offenders have anopportunity for negotiating with the prosecutor to drop some offencesthat could help them qualify for early parole or a lenient sentencethan when all the sentences were included (Vito &amp Maahs, 2012).


Turner,J. I. (2009). Pleabargaining across borders: Criminal procedure.New York: Aspen Publishers.

Vito,G. F., &amp Maahs, J. R. (2012). Criminology:Theory, research, and policy.Sudbury, Mass: Jones &amp Bartlett Learning.