Policemenof the World Thesis and Outline
Policemenof the World Thesis and Outline
Sincethe First World War, in the year nineteen seventeen, United States ofAmerica has been intervening militarily abroad in various situationsthat relate to military conflict, promotion of U.S. interests, orprotection of U.S. citizens for potential conflict. Researchers haveargued that both the act of U.S. interfering with internal affairs ofother countries and direct involvement of her military, have broughtinstability and destroyed peace of many nations (Coffman, 2013). Theforeign policy developed after World War II by United States ofAmerica has proved to be counterproductive and has also failed toachieve its objectives. This paper gives an overview of how the U.Smilitary has intervened abroad on issues of terrorism and drug abuseespecially in Europe, Afghanistan and in Somalia, and theconsequences that follow this action. Controversy has existed withinthe American public and other countries on whether the foreign policycreated by U.S. after the second world war, has accomplished itsobjectives. The paper further seeks to understand whether this policyharm or benefit the countries involved.
InternationalEvents from the Past Five Years:
In2010, there were deadliest attacks featured in Afghanistan. Theattacks were against the international troops since hostility beganin this country. In the previous situations, the U.S. military wasconstrained to the south. In turn, war erupted in the provinces thatwere located in the north, and spread to Pakistan. According toBradford (2003), the pressure of the U.S shredded an agreement theyhave made with the Pakistan that if there were no attacks of Pakistanforces by the Taliban, the Pakistan military would not enter thetribal provinces. Thus, al-Qaida got a chance to encourage suicidebombers throughout Pakistan since the U.S. military based itsoperations in Waziristan daily. Afterwards, there were reports ofdozens of killings and many military personnel committing suicide.Thedrug trade also posed a challenge to the military. In 2011, Osama binladen was killed. The U.S. military’ trajectory did not changedespite the death of Osama. When the time reached for the U.S.military to withdraw in 2014, there was a repeat of the Soviet Unionmisadventure by the U.S. excursion (Walzer, 2004).
In2006, there was an invasion into Somalia and deposition of theIslamic courts union by the Ethiopian troops that were prompted bythe U.S. The ICU was able to stabilize Somalia partially, but the U.Sadministration feared that Somalia would become a safe haven forAl-Qaeda. By early 2009, the Ethiopian military announced to withdrawfrom fro Somalia after creating anarchy that would be transformedinto chaos after their withdrawal. In 2009, sheik Ahmed was made thepresident of Somalia by the Islamist government after resignation ofthe America’s endorsed President Abdullah Yusuf. In 2011, much ofSomalia was ruled by Al-Shabaab. To make the Sheik’s governmentsuccessful, The American Government shipped many weapons to Somalia(Coffman, 2013). From the year 2010, cases of hostages keep on risingin Somalia. In 2014, troops from African Union faced the Al-Shabaabmilitias.
Aspectsof US history since 1865 that has led to the USA rise as a worldsuper power policeman
Bradford (2003) suggested that in 1865, U.S became the largest economy of the world. The economy rose towards the end of the Second World War to fifty percent of the world’s production.
The success of the U.S. foreign policy during the cold war in Europe.
Opposition of imperialism in the late nineteenth century in countries of the western hemisphere like China, Europe, parts of Asia, and also in Africa (Walzer, 2004).
Internationalincidents since World War II where America has taken on a policingrole
During cold war, us used foreign policy to stabilize Western Europe and prevented the encroachment of Soviet Union upon the territory of west Europe.
The Marshall plan in nineteen forty eight to nineteen sixty when the U.S. foreign policy succeeded in securing markets for exports from America and made the process of transition from an economy of war to a more peaceful economy smooth.
The use of foreign policy in Kosovo and Bosnia during the Balkan wars by the U.S. military and NATO (Coffman, 2013).
The adventures of the foreign policy in Asia where the U.S destroyed countries of indo-Chinese.
Drivingforces that fueled international policy decisions involving theinternational incidents outlined above.
During cold war, the driving force that fueled the international policy was war between antagonists who wanted to secure and maintain their spheres of influence.
The driving force during the Marshall plan was that the U.S. was assured markets for their exports (Bradford, 2003).
During the Balkan Wars, the driving force that led to involvement of NATO was the atrocities against the minority Albanians.
During the Asian Scene, the driving force that led to international involvement by the U.S. was prevention of an attempt of North Korea intention to develop nuclear energy and he rapid growth of the China’s economy (Walzer, 2004).
Insummary, the incoherence in behavior reflected by the U.S. war onterrorism has formed a good environment for more acts of terrorism tobreed. For example, there have been cases of some parts of Arab worldand Islamic Africa, where revolutions have allowed sympathizers toact in support of terror groups thus making them strong. In turn theU.S military tries to react helplessly to the incompetent foreignpolicies. Military solutions by the U.S. have of late been seen astrampling negotiations, have replaced diplomacy with force, andcounter-insurgency has been made to produce insurgents. During thecold war, anticommunism was listed as a principal concept that guidesforeign policy. In contrast, continuation of such policies wasexperienced even after the disintegration and collapse of the SovietUnion. United States of America as the world’s policeman hasconfronted the problem of terrorism that has affected many countriesof the world. The war keeps on growing and there are no signs of itreceding. As the war against terrorism increases, the war againstdrug abuse also increases thus forming a connection.
Bradford,J. C. (2003). Atlasof American Military History.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Coffman,E. (2013). TheCourse of Military History in the United States since World War II: The Embattled Past.United States: University press of Kentucky.
Walzer,M. (2004). Arguingabout War.London: Yale University Press.