Potential Technological Solutions for Northeastern Health Services

PotentialTechnological Solutions for Northeastern Health Services

PotentialTechnological Solutions for Northeastern Health Services

A:Annotated bibliography

Conversionof telephone landlines

Simmons,L. (2014). Howto have a landline internet connection and phone at the same time.Santa Monica: Demand Media.

Simmonsadvances the idea of converting the telephone landline in order toenhance its capacity to transmit telephone calls and internet datasimultaneously. The author outlines a procedure that the process ofconverting the telephone landline can take. One begins by contactingthe digital subscriber service provider. This is followed by plugginga telephone wire into a splitter jack, plugging an Ethernet cableinto the DSL modem, turning on the computer, utilizing the newinternet connection, and filtering out noise by plugging a DSL filterinto a second jack on the splitter. This shows that the conversion ofexisting telephone landlines is a faster and a cheaper solution thatwill enable the Northeastern Health Service to share hospital data ata high speed.

Syrett,F. (2014). How to connect to the internet. DigitalUnite.Retrieved July 28, 2014, fromhttp://digitalunite.com/guides/using-internet-0/connecting-internet/how-connect-internet

Syrettaddresses different methods that can be used to connect variouselectronic devices to the internet. The author focuses two majormethods that can be used access internet in the rural areas,including the use of telephone landline and the use of mobileinternet that is provided by mobile network service providers. Amongthe two options addressed in the article, the conversion of thetelephone landline to a broadband in order to enable it carryinternet data and phone calls at the same time is the easiest toimplement. Since all locations of the Northeastern Health Servicesare situated within the reach of landline wiring, negotiating withthe company for the conversion of landlines can be a cheaper option.

Utilizationof TV white space

Garnet,P. (2013). Microsoft’sinnovative solution to provide internet access to Africa’s ruralareas.Cape Town: Maritz Publishing.

Thearticle is about the use of the best alternatives to increaseinternet connectivity to rural areas in Africa. The author focuses onthe use of the white space by Microsoft Corporation in its endeavorto internet penetration in rural areas. Garnet defines white space asthe unused channels of a wireless spectrum that are commonly used toTV channels. This is perceived to be an ideal way of providing cheapbroadband in the form of a radio signal to rural communities. Thebroadband provided through the white space is accessed using specialdevices and it is distributed as a normal frequency of 2.4 GHz-5 GHz.This is a practical solution for Northeastern Health Service becauseit is located in an area covered by the local cable televisionprovider.

Sachith,J., Sivan, P., Ratnesh, K. &amp Screekala, K. (2013). Effectivedeployment of TV white space for enhancing rural broadband in India.InternationalJournal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing,13, 101-107.

Thisarticle is about the reclamation of unused TV spectrum, which is thenused to transmit the internet data. The TV white space can be used anunlicensed spectrum, which can meet the needs of internet orbroadband providers. The utilization of the white space can beachieved by the installation of the Opportunistic Spectrum Access(OSA) system, which can be accomplished using the Cognitive Radio.Utilizing the TV white space is a viable option for the NortheasternHealth Services whose all locations are served by a local cabletelevision provider.

LongTerm Evolution (LTE) Network

CiscoSystems Incorporation (2014). Long Term Evolution: Simplify themigration to the 4 G network. CiscoSystems Incorporation.Retrieved July 29, 2014, fromhttp://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/collateral/wireless/asr-5000-series/white_paper_c11-602886.html

Thiswebsite describes LTE as a cheap and simple way to migrate to thefourth generation (4 G) network, which will increase the speed oftransmitting the internet data. Cisco suggests that mobile networkproviders can use their existing networks to support the fourthgeneration network, which will enhance users’ experience. Softwareupgrades can be used to support different functions of 4G once an LTEnetwork is deployed. In the case of Northeastern Health Services, itwill simply need to contact and subscribe with local networkproviders who have upgraded their platforms to the fourth generation.This will provide a high speed data transfer services and effectiveinternet connection.

Hamblen,M. (2013). Carriersolution for areas without adequate wireless services.Framingham, MA: Computer World.

Hamblentalks about the efforts made by carriers to assist people in areaswhere people are operating and working with access to reliablewireless internet connection. The long-term Evolution (LTE) is one ofthe key alternatives that can be used to address the issue of limitedaccess to wireless internet connectivity. Rural carriers can usetheir own backhaul (copper or fiber links that connect a networkdistribution to the tower) and cell towers. LTE allows users tonavigate through the Verizon’s LTE network. The author of thisarticle suggests that Verizon provides fast and reliable wireless LTEservice to people who would not otherwise access it. The NortheasterHealth Services can contact the local internet service providers touse their existing towers to provide LTE services. This will providefaster and reliable internet connectivity, which is easy to implementbecause it will utilize facilities that are used by satellite-basedinternet connection.

WiMAXNetwork

Abichar,Z., Kamal, E., &amp Chang, M. (2010). Planningof relay station locations in IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX) networks.Ames, IA: Iowa State University.

Thearticle addresses the importance of stalling a WiMAX relay station inrural areas where the installation of many base stations is achallenge. Some of the key factors observed before installing a WiMAXrelay station include relay placement, resource allocation, qualityof services, and handover between cells. The relay station boostsconnectivity without the need for additional wiring. This reduces thecost of installation in WiMAX targeted zones, such as rural areas.WiMAX relay provides a high speed internet connection that canimprove efficiency at the Northeastern Health

Services. Wan, S. (2009). Wirelessnetworks in rural areas: Challenges and solutions.Bozeman, MT: Montana State University.

Wandescribes the major challenges that people in the rural areas facewhen trying to access wireless internet connection and the possiblesolutions. WIMAX is one of the relay technologies that can provideimproved network services to the rural communities while keeping thecost of installation low. WIMAX network is comprised of multiplesubscriber stations and a base station. The base station acts as thegateway that connects WIMAX network to other networks, including theinternet. This type of network supports two operating modes includingthe mesh mode and point-to-multiple mode. This allows WIMAX to offera long-range, high speed, and low cost internet connection.Northeastern Health Services can install its own base to serve alllocations or subscribe with existing network providers to connect allrural locations with WIMAX.

Mobilebroadband

Davis,C. (2014). Rural broadband deals and providers at simplify digital.SimplifyDigital.Retrieved July 29, 2014, fromhttp://www.simplifydigital.co.uk/broadband/rural-broadband-a-buyer%27s-guide/

Davisexplores different alternatives (including the satellite broadbandand mobile broadband) available for rural dwellers and organizationsbased in rural areas to acquire broadband connection. Mobilebroadband gives users an opportunity to receive 3G or 4G broadbandsignals through a network tower. The use of the mobile broadband doesnot require the user to be located within the reach of the homebroadband satellite. Users of mobile broadband access the internetusing USB dongles and their computer serve as the hotspot generator.If the Northeastern Health Services decides to go for mobilebroadband, it will be required to contact the local network providersto supply its locations with dongles and subscribe for a certainamount of data bundles.

Hawkins,N. (2014). Rural broadband: What are the options? ChooseLTD.Retrieved July 29, 2014, fromhttp://www.choose.net/media/guide/features/rural-broadband-satellite-mobile.html

Hawkinsgives several options that rural organizations can use to enhancetheir internet connectivity. Mobile broadband, which allows the usersto access the third and the fourth generation internet connection, isone of the most viable solutions for organizations located in ruralareas. The fourth generation (4G) speed is better compared to fixedline performance. Extended coverage means that mobile broadband isnow available in areas outside cities and towns. Although many peoplehave a perception that 3G and 4G are expense compared to homebroadband, service providers can give high usage and unlimited dealsoffers. This means that mobile broadband can be used at NortheasternHealth Services to address the challenges associated with satellitebroadband and poor weather conditions.

B:Recommended technological solution

Theconversion of the telephone landline to broadband in order to enableit carry phone calls and internet data is the most viable solutionfor Northeastern Health Service Incorporation. Since all locationsare within the reach of landline Telephone Company wiring,Northeastern Health Services will simply be required to choose aninternet provider who might be the telephone provider or anindependent internet provider. This will result in a cheaperinstallation of internet network facilities since the company willrely heavily on facilities that are already in use. The process ofselecting the best provider should be guided by some factors,including the speed of data transmission (measured in megabytes) andthe privacy policies of the company (Syrett, 2014). By selecting theinternet provider with the most effect, high speed, and secureconnection, Northeastern Health Services will have addressed thecurrent challenges, such as transmission of heavy files and securitythreats.

Positionof NHS along the technology acceptance curve

NHSfalls at the early adapters’ phase of the technology adapter curve.This means NHS is quick to buy into new technological ideas once itsreal benefits are established. The main concern for the NHS is todetermine the strong match between its expected benefits and theirneeds. There is a high probability that the NHS will adopt theproposed technology solution. This is because the conversion oftelephone landlines to enable them carries phone calls and internetdata is among the cheapest option that will address the goals of theNHS, which include the transmission of heavy files at a high speedand protection of files under transmission from access byunauthorized persons. This will help the NHS achieve its growthstrategy and provide the state-of-the art services to ruralcommunities while keeping the cost of technology low.

References

Abichar,Z., Kamal, E., &amp Chang, M. (2010). Planningof relay station locations in IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX) networks.Ames, IA: Iowa State University.

CiscoSystems Incorporation (2014). Long Term Evolution: Simplify themigration to 4 G network. CiscoSystems Incorporation.Retrieved July 29, 2014, fromhttp://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/collateral/wireless/asr-5000-series/white_paper_c11-602886.html

Davis,C. (2014). Rural broadband deals and providers at simplify digital.SimplifyDigital.Retrieved July 29, 2014, fromhttp://www.simplifydigital.co.uk/broadband/rural-broadband-a-buyer%27s-guide/

Garnet,P. (2013). Microsoft’sinnovative solution to provide internet access to Africa’s ruralareas.Cape Town: Maritz Publishing.

Hamblen,M. (2013). Carriersolution for areas without adequate wireless services.Framingham, MA: Computer World.

Hawkins,N. (2014). Rural broadband: What are the options? ChooseLTD.Retrieved July 29, 2014, fromhttp://www.choose.net/media/guide/features/rural-broadband-satellite-mobile.html

Sachith,J., Sivan, P., Ratnesh, K. &amp Screekala, K. (2013). Effectivedeployment of TV white space for enhancing rural broadband in India.InternationalJournal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing,13, 101-107.

Simmons,L. (2014). Howto have a landline internet connection and phone at the same time.Santa Monica: Demand Media.

Syrett,F. (2014). How to connect to the internet. DigitalUnite.Retrieved July 28, 2014, fromhttp://digitalunite.com/guides/using-internet-0/connecting-internet/how-connect-internet

Wan,S. (2009). Wirelessnetworks in rural areas: Challenges and solutions.Bozeman, MT: Montana State University.