Thereare some philosophical arguments for and against the existence of Godin evil face and how they relate with religious philosophy. Theexistence of God is demonstrated by St. Thomas Aquinas in his popularfive ways demonstrating philosophically the existence of God(Mitchel, 23). The first proof is the “unmoved mover” argumentswhich argue that there is motion in the earth and whatever is movedis always moved by another thing. In order to avoid regression, weought to posit God as the first mover. The second is the argumentthat “nothing is caused by itself” meaning that there must be acause that is God.
Thirdly,is the Cosmological argument that all the physical things includingrivers and mountains coming into being and they must go out ofexistence regardless of the time they last in the world (Craig, 24).Fourthly, is an argument on objects in the world having variouslevels of qualities such as goodness? The comparison on the degreescan only be sensible if compared to the maximum goodness which isGod. The last is the teleological argument that a state that allthings in the world move toward goals and thus there must be adesigner directing all things to their goals which is God. There isalso the atheism argument that seek to explore the perceivedillogical in traditional doctrine concerning God’s nature. Atheismargument proofs the existence of God (Swinburne, 35).
Philosophershave given various arguments against the existence of God. However,one of the proofs against God existence emanate from the “problemof evil” (Davies, 12) This argument claims that the followingstatements are not true God is loving, evil exists and God isomnipotent. They argue that if God is can prevent evil, but does not,then he does not love. Moreover, if God can prevent evil, but hecannot, then he is not omnipotent. The last is that the evil cannotexist if God is capable of preventing evil. Another argument is thatthe existence of all-knowing God is not compatible with the fact offree will that a human often makes some choices (Davies, 67)
Inresponse to the statement that question the belief of people in Godwhen there are so many suffering in the world. It is true God existregardless of any challenges and suffering in the world, and he isalways in control (Burrett, 43). The Bible tells us that Satandeceives the world. However, there are reasons for suffering in orderto cope with trials. Regardless of Satan trials, God is always thereto help us and protect his people from Satan. Many people strugglewith their problems because they feel comfortable and don’t needGod’s help. The failure to rely on God in our daily basis can leadus to suffering revealing that we have not been close to him.Moreover, what May critics on God existence are by seeing more liveslived out in dependence on him (Burrett, 56).Our religious belief orunbelief always underpins the way we live our lives.
Barrett,Justin 2004. WhyWould Anyone Believe in God?,Lanham, MD: Altamira Press
Craig,W., 1979. TheKalam Cosmological Argument,New York: Barnes and Noble.
Davies,B., 1993. AnIntroduction to the Philosophy of Religion,Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mitchell,B. (ed.), 1971. ThePhilosophy of Religion,Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Swinburne,R. (2004). Theexistence of God.Oxford: Clarendon Press.