Psychology Unit

COUNSELING

Psychology

Unit

1.What role does preventive and rehabilitative services have in aclient’s treatment planning? How does psycho education assist inprevention and rehabilitation?

Preventiveand rehabilitative service is key component of a client’s treatmentplanning as it targets both early intervention and prevention ofrecidivism. Preventive measures largely target people who are yet toface psychological issues. This is achieved by offering socialsupport services to a group or individual who is at risk ofpsychological problems. Preventive measures largely targetreinforcing positive behavior by offering rewards where desiredbehavior is achieved. On the other hand, hand rehabilitative servicesare incorporated into treatment plans of clients recovering from apsychological problem. Different modalities are used to assistpatients regain a level of usefulness and health as before (Ungar2011).

Psycho-educationis very important in preventive and rehabilitative service. Itpertains to education the clients about the psychological problemsthat they are facing or risk facing in the case of preventivetreatment (Psychoeducation 2014). Psycho-education can also beoffered to family member of a client in order to equip them withnecessary skills to offer the needed social and emotional support(Sheik 2014).

2.Whatskills are necessary for a counselor to have in order to transitionfrom the engaging and assessing a client phase to the work phase?

Itis very important for counselors to maintain a good relationship withclients in transitioning from assessment to the work phase.Therapists need to have exceptional interpersonal skills. They needto be good listeners to clients to be able to assess any changes intheir views (Skinner 2005). Furthermore, they have to beaccommodating and welcoming to make clients feel cared and perceivethe process as a humane one but not where he is being perceived justas a study subject from whom data is collected. The therapist must becapable of showing respect to the client. However, Ungar (2011)insists that possessing these skills is not enough for therapiststhey must make use of these skills in way that the clientappreciates.

References

Psychoeducation(2014). Virtualmedical center.Retrieved online on 20thSept. 2014 from

http://www.myvmc.com/treatments/psychoeducation/

Skinner,W. (2005). Treatingconcurrent disorders: a guide for counsellors.Ottawa: Centre for

Addictionand Mental Health

Sheik,F. (2014). Preventiveand rehabilitative measures for drug addicted youth.Retrieved

onlineon 20thSept. 2014 from http://www.countercurrents.org/sheikh230614.htm

Ungar,M. (2011). Counselingin challenging contexts: working with individuals and families.

Belmont:Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning.