Research Process to Problems in Health Care


ResearchProcess to Problems in Health Care

Results:data collection methods

Inwhat way are the data collection procedures appropriate for thisstudy?

Thecombination of the data collection methods (qualitative andquantitative) in the research was significant as it facilitateddetailed evaluation and understanding of the dataset than it could bepossible with only a single strategy. Each method employed in theresearch derives divergent views on a given issue because thetechniques asked distinct, but related questions to the topic. Thetheoretical differences between qualitative and quantitative researchmethods are advantageous since the weaknesses of one research methodare effectively complemented by the strengths of the other.Researchers used the combined research methods are able to draw moredetailed and easier to understand dataset than they would have had ifthey used either of the research techniques alone.

Inwhat way were appropriate steps taken to protect the rights ofsubjects?

Thestudy protected the rights of the subjects used as examples in thestudy in that they did not give their personal information. Theresearcher only mentioned the names and ages of prominent personssuch as Queen Elizabeth II and Warren Buffet as persons who arephysically old, but they are mentally sharp. However, the researchersrefrained from given detailed description regarding potentialchallenges the concerned individuals experience in life. Similarly,further research uses general subjects without focusing on anindividual. The researchers, therefore, upheld personal informationand privacy of the physicians and patients studied in the research byrefraining from using individualized information (Campbell, 2013).

Inwhat way is the data collection tool used to support the reliabilityand validity of the study?

Thedata collection tool is utilized in supporting the reliability andvalidity of the research in that it offers an avenue of comparing theresults obtained using the independent research techniques. Theresearchers used convergent designs in comparing quantitative andqualitative data collected approximately the same time and on onesubject. However, the mixed research methods use different constructsin analyzing the data, and then placing the results side-by-side forcomprehensive analysis (Campbell, 2013).


Thedata analysis methods used in the study were suitable because theyfacilitated cross-comparison of information the researchers gathered.The results were acquired were detailed and valuable in helpingphysicians in designing suitable current medical care for the elderlypersons. Besides, the information is useful in predicting futurehealthcare requirements for the elderly persons. For instance, theevaluation techniques applied could help health care professionals inpredicting the health status of elderly persons after implementationof healthcare services such as the Obamacare.

Inwhat ways are the data analysis procedures appropriate for the datacollected?

Thedata analysis is suitable for generating answers for the researchquestions because it facilitates comparison of issues from differentperspectives. The research approach facilitated comparison of bothqualitative and quantitative data samples on distinct economic andsocial factors. In addition, the analysis procedures were calculatedbased on different variables, thereby, offering an opportunity forobserving and answering the hypothesis from different perspectives.For example, the qualitative research method focused on answering thehypothesis questions based on the findings gathered from a fewpatients. The data gathered using qualitative method was however,unsuitable for representing a large population since it does notconsider factors such as patients suffering from Anxiety andDepression (HAD) and physical and mental (SF-36) conditions(Campbell, 2013). An opportunity for observing the database from twoperspectives facilitated data comparison that enhanced understandingof the research subjects.

Inwhat ways are the data analysis procedures appropriate for answeringthe research question or questions, for testing the study hypothesisor hypotheses, or both?

Qualitativeresearch refers to investigative study used in understandingunderlying motivations, reasons, and opinions. It explains a givenproblem, or it assists in developing hypothesis or ideas that can befurther investigated using quantitative research. Furthermore, theresearch methods are also used in evaluating opinions and thoughtstrends, as well as delving deeper into given issues. Third, thetechnique uses both semi-structured and unstructured data collectionstrategies. Examples of common techniques include participation,group discussions, and individual interviews (Campbell, 2013). Thesample size taken is normally small as each sample undergoes thoroughanalysis.

Whatare the key distinctions between qualitative and quantitative data?

Onthe other hand, quantitative research is applied in thequantification of statistical or numerical data. It helps in thequantification of behaviors, attitudes, opinions, and other definedinconsistencies in a research with the aim of generalizing resultsbased on a very diverse study group. Second, quantitative researchutilizes measurable data in uncovering patterns and formulatingresearch facts. Third, the data collection techniques are morestructured compared to qualitative research method. Lastly, examplesof quantitative data gathering techniques comprise of varioussurveys, including, face-to-face interviews, online surveys, mobileand kiosk surveys, paper surveys, online polls, systematicobservations and website interceptors among other approaches(Campbell, 2013).


Thestudy concludes that aging does not make an individual different froma youth. Old age is described as redefined youthfulness. The keystrengths of the research include application of mixed researchmethod that facilitates comparison of information collected. Inaddition, the evaluation was based on fourteen hypotheses. However,the results acquired are weak since they were solely based onpatients from the United States. In addition, the number of patientsused in drawing the conclusion was too small for representing thehealth status of worldwide elderly population (Campbell, 2013).

Thisscientific study lacks scientific merit because it had no controlexperiment that could help in indicating outcome variation underdifferent circumstances. Second, the study does not explain the causeand effect of various outcomes observed in the study. Lastly, thestudy group is based on a few patients from the United States,instead of including patients from across the world in order to drawmore relevant universal facts. The main weakness of the study is thatit will give biased information concerned the elderly population.Besides, the information would be unsuitable for using in determiningthe welfare of aged persons outside the United States (Campbell,2013).

Thehypothesis of the study is based on William Shakespeare’s poem thatclaims that the aged persons ushers another stage of childishness atadvanced age, as well as lives in mere senile state. The poet paintsold age as a challenging time since the old persons loses their senseof taste, seeing, chewing with teeth, and other abilities they haveas youth. However, the study indicates that elderly persons canretain a sober mind as they chronic conditions, such as Alzheimer’sand dementia that cause memory clouding, are preventable. As HenryWadsworth Longfellow put it in his poem, “Oldage is just another opportunity similar to the youthfulness, onlythat it comes in another dress(Campbell, 2013).” The affordable medical care programs andadvanced professional healthcare are all essential in ensuring thatevery patient receives high quality medical care.


Campbell,W.A. (2013). Health Care for Our Aging Population. Advances, Fall. 27(4): 3-7.