SUSTAINABILITY IN DESIGN
Resource Map: Sustainability inDesign
Resource Map: Sustainability inDesign
Atlantica Oceanfront Resort
The Atlantica Oceanfront Resort’ssecond phase is under construction. Atlantica’s initial phaseguests handle the noise of construction and all the dirt thatemanates from the construction until the construction is complete.Apart from the construction’s noise pollution, Myrtle Beachexperiences much noise from the airport. Similarly, the beach isnoisy because of the Helicopter Rides, and the city hosts a 3-week“Bike Week” every year for the motorbike lovers, and the touristswho visit the beach.
However, there are few businessesor industrial parks on the Myrtle Beach. Therefore, there are ahandful of companies such as “Amsoil,” which specializes insynthetic lubricant development. They provide solutions to mostproblems, which equipment and vehicles present through toxicemissions. The AMSOIL Corporation is registered under the ISO14001:20004 environmental management standards. Similarly, athird-party registration company (NSF) recognizes AMSOIL because ofits dedication to sustainability across all its business facets.According to the Journal of Green Building, below 10% of the AMSOILwastes go in the landfill. Granger Industrial Supply Myrtle isanother company the branch SC Grainger is the industrial productsupply’s prime distributor for operating facilities, repair, andmaintain.
Definitions of Air PollutionSource Categories
The regulatory agencies classifyair pollution sources such as cars and factories in any of the threegroups: mobile, area, or point. The categorization of a particularsource may differ being contingent on if it is releasing “hazardous”or “Criteria” air pollutants.
These refer to six chemicalsfrequently take place in ambient air and may harm the environment,are hazardous to human health, or could cause damage to property.These could be chemicals such as lead, ozone, particulate matter,Carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon monoxide.
Hazardous air pollutants(HAPs)
The HAPs are the chemicals thatmay lead to severe damages on the environment or human health. Thereare over 188 pollutants, which the Congress has identified. They alsoinclude other substances that cause respiratory, reproductive,neurological effects, and cancer.
The areasources encompass small sources of pollution such as auto-body paintshops, gas stations, and dry cleaners. According to Feenstra (2009),area sources refer to the equipments and machines that emit 10 tonsor less, of hazardous pollutants or a combination of pollutantsemitting less than 25 tons yearly. The classification includescommercial buildings as well (surface coatings cooling and heatingunits), residential buildings (surface coatings fireplaces). It alsoincludes fuel combustion in machinery that does not operate on theroad, railroads, boats, barbecue grill or even a family lawnmower.The disposal of wastes in the form of wastewater treatment, openburning, and landfills are notable area sources.
Although individual areas haverelatively small emissions, their emissions can be a primary concern,especially in the location of large numbers of sources in areas ofmassive population such as the Myrtle Beach. Area sources account formore than 50% of the emission of particulate matter and more thanVolatile organic compound (VOC) paint or mobile sources emissions,which contribute remarkably to the ground-level ozone formation.Nevertheless, Myrtle Beach is still a growing area with manyresidents moving to the area. The area’s population isapproximately 60,000 people who live in the area for the whole year.However, there is more than that number when the snowbirds are there.Given that South Carolina is in the United States’ Southern part,there are many swamps and wetland square miles. South Carolina’sobjective by 2030 is to reduce the levels of emissions by 30%.Therefore, for the first time, it targets emissions from the currentpower plants, which are the largest carbon pollution sources.
Myrtle Beach, which is located inSouth Carolina is the destination that I have decided to reside inand call it home. Myrtle beach is not only located in the beautifulstate of south Carolina, but the beach itself is also a great town tovisit and live in. The Myrtle Beach is one of the finest because itis unique, and therefore, suitable for families to live in. Duringthe summer period, the sun does not get too hot and neither doeswinter get too cold. The beach is endowed with all the facilitiesthat any large city would have. Interestingly the total population ofthe city is about 60,000 people and therefore the beach does not faceany congestion problems. With all the facilities, the cost of livingis comparatively low. The beach also has beautiful surroundings suchas trees that have been planted all over, therefore, giving residentsfresh air at all times.
Building a home in Myrtle Beachrequires hiring a designer to help provide the energy star ratingthat is required for homes built around the beach. The home is alsobeing constructed with a higher energy star rating that provides alittle E- reflective insulation around the whole house. Apart fromthe higher energy star rating, the house will have additionalfeatures such as a flood Hawk Automatic water, weather boss nontoxicpaints. It will have insulated double pained low e windows, Xidexcrystalline waterproofing Cree LED lighting, stains and finishes.The floor of the house will also have to be open, free, elegant andclassy. The measurements of the house are crucial because they willdetermine the features in the home. The house will have 3336 sq. ft.Home, two bedrooms, four bay garages, 2.5 baths and 119’x 57’(Lacey 2009).
It is critical to note that thehome is designed with a European elegance and a country charm. Thefoyer of the house has been designed so that it can fit an archedentryway, which is supposed to lead guests and the family to thedining room. The master bedroom specifications should be up to thetask to ensure that the room is relaxing, and it provides an elegantretreat.
There are special features thathave to be incorporated into the home, and they include a kitchenisland, a fireplace, deck, family room, and master suite. They alsoinclude a recreation room, snack bar, open floor plan, butler’spantry, side loading, universal design, and library gathering room,breakfast Nook and a front Porch.
Advantages of havingLEED-Certified Homes
LEED Certified homes are realenergy and water consumption savers. Many households with such kindof homes incur about $ 2, 150 annually on residential energy bills.The reason the homes save on energy is that they have been designedand built in a manner that ensures that the homes are energyefficient. Designers of the houses ensure that they have tested theenergy saving capabilities of the houses to ensure that they canminimize the envelope and any ductwork leakage. The homes have alsobeen designed in ways that ensure that water usage in both indoor andoutdoor is minimized (Anastasand Zimmerman 2003).
The LEED Certified Homes can savemore energy than other homes that were built by the internationalenergy conservation code. It is approximated that the LEED CertifiedHomes use 30 to 60% less energy. The higher energy-rating starprovides homes with LEED certification. For a home to be grantedLEED, certification it must make energy reductions. They should be upto 30% for LEED certified homes, 30% for LEED Silver homes, 48% forLEED Gold homes and approximately 60% for LEED Platinum homes. Homesthat have the LEED certification must be able to meet to energy starand therefore their energy bills reduce by about 20%. LEED homes saveup to $200 to $400 annually. The savings can amount to thousands overa period of seven to eight years. The savings are comparatively highcompared to those of typical homeowners because they spend more onenergy.
As perVallero and Brasier (2008), Greenhomes are also known as the dream home consumers. The green homes areranked very high because of their energy efficiency. Moreover, thehotels are more luxurious but interestingly they cost the same tobuild as other conventional homes and at times, they even cost less.Building green homes require an upfront fee of 2.4% and that amountcan be quickly recouped by the homeowners once they save money forthe home’s lifespan. The green home resale value is much higherthan that of a home without an LEED Cert. The green homes are ingreater demand and therefore sell more quickly especially due totheir efficient energy savings. Research studies such as that EarthAdvantage Study that was done in 2011 found out that certified greenhomes had an 8% more sale value than non-certified green homes.Moreover, the study found that certified green homes had a 30% higherresale value than the existing and new conventional homes that hadbeen built.
Effects of environment on theresidential market
In the United States, one-fifthof the total energy is consumed by households while the residentialsector is responsible for about 21% carbon emissions. From 1985,energy consumption has increased to about 34%.
Anastas, P. L. and Zimmerman, J.B. (2003). "Through the 12 principles of green engineering".Environmental Science and Technology. March 1. 95-101A.
Feenstra, G (2009). What IsSustainable Architecture?. Retrieved June 27, 2009, from UC SAREP Website:
Lacey, E. (2009). Contemporaryceramic design for meaningful interaction and emotional durability: Acase study. InternationalJournal of Design,3(2), 87-92
Vallero, D. and Brasier, C.(2008), Sustainable Design: The Science of Sustainability and GreenEngineering. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, ISBN 0470130628.