Review Questions

ReviewQuestions

1.Would you have liked to have lived in 1877? Explain.

Iwould not have liked to live during this period. This is because theyear 1877 was the period of the rise of industrial America. Theindustrial America age otherwise known as the Gilded Age wascharacterized by all sorts of negativities. Historians have linked itwith the absence of credible leadership, with no positive impact.Corruption, greed and scandals dominated this period (Calhoun&amp Edward 539).

Inparticular, the year 1877 was marked with poor leadership followingthe Compromise of 1877. This was a perceived informal, undocumenteddeal that settled the hotly contested 1876 presidential elections inthe United States. The compromise led to Republican’s RutherfordHayes taking the White House over democrats Samuel Tilden. This wasno democracy and I wound not have wanted to live in such a time.

2.What was life like in Dallas and Texas in the late 1800s? Would youwanted to live there then? Explain.

Inthe late 19thCentury, Texas and Dallas experienced tremendous growth in terms ofpopulation, expansion of the cities as well as the economy. Besidesphysical growth, there was a general change in the running ofaffairs, particularly addressing issues concerning various groupssuch as the minority Hispanics and African Americans (Jillson83).

Iwould have wanted to live in these two places. Althoughdiscrimination was there, people slowly started accepting each otherand an adoption of a common culture that saw everyone aboard wasachieved. This was even spread to the South after the 1800’s. Texasand Dallas can be described as places that realized social andeconomic change, while the rest of America was grappling under theGilded Age (Jillson98).

3.What was life like for African-Americans in the South in the period1877-1900? Was it a good time or bad time for African-Americans?Explain.

Lifefor African Americans during this period-The Gilded Age was nobetter. Although they had been freed, the compromise of 1877 betweenDemocrat Samuel Tilden and Republican Rutherford Hayes was to endreconstruction era.

Thedecision led to a compromise of one of America’s most significantreform of all times-that would have positively changed the lives ofAfrican Americans the attempt to incorporate the freed slaves intothe state with all the rights and privileges of citizens (Adams119).Hence, it was a really bad time for African American as theycontinued facing discrimination.

4.What reform movements emerged in the South in the late 1800s? Whichwould you have supported? Explain.

Variousreform movements emerged during the late 1800. Most of these reformswere however started during the beginning of 19thcentury, but gained momentum in the fall of the century. Some ofthese movements include the women suffrage, which sought for womenrights to vote. They were pioneered by women like Susan Anthony andElizabeth Cady Stanton. Other movements include the temperance, andabolitionist movements.

Iwould have personally supported the Women Rights Movement. The womenrights movements sought equal opportunity for women. Women were notallowed to acquire formal education, and were only given informaltraining in domestic related chores (Rosen173).Women rights movement saw women such as Florence Nightingale, an iconin nursing acquire education and change the world.

5.What was the Industrial Revolution and was it good for Americans ornot? Explain.

Industrialrevolution was a time period beginning from the 1760-1840 where keyreforms in agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transport andtechnology and had significant effect on cultural and socioeconomicconditions begging in the United Kingdom, through Europe and NorthAmerica. In the United States, industrial revolution began in1820-1870 (Mantoux77).

TheIndustrial revolution in the United States was of paramountimportance to the economic development of the nation. It wasparticularly important to Americans as they shifted from hand andhome production to factory and machine production. Ultimately, itchanged American society and economy into the modern urban industrialcountry it is today.

6.What problems did workers face on their jobs in the North during theIndustrial Revolution and how did they try to improve theseconditions? Were they successful? Explain.

Theindustrial revolution saw an increase in demand for manpower. Therailway construction and the mining industry were among the mostnotable employers during the time. Employees here faced a lot ofdifficulties including poor working conditions, working for longhours, low pay, mistreatment and other mistreatments (Buer 103).

Employeesof the time dealt with these issues by forming unions such as theAmerican Railway Union. The union organized one of the notableindustrial actions, compelling employers to observe better workingconditions for the members. These actions were not successful as thecourts always ruled in the favor of the employers, arguing that theemployees accepted working in these conditions by accepting to workin the factories (Buer 128).

7.What was the attitude toward immigrants in the North during theIndustrial Revolution? Do you agree with the way Americans felt aboutimmigrants?

Therewas an increased flow of immigrants into the United States during theIndustrial Revolution. They came in search of opportunities and abetter life. When demand for labor was high, they were welcomed andassisted greatly in the growth of America.

However,they became too much and they become competition for jobopportunities with the locals. This caused Xenophobia. The xenophobiadeveloped a united appeal to the authorities to curb their influx. Italso elevated attitudes of prejudice, exclusion, hatred and racism(Lind 53).

Ido not agree with the negative attitude of Americans towardsimmigrants because, when the immigrants supplied the much neededlabor force, they did not complain. They should have accepted thecompetition that they brought thereafter and build America together.

8.Is the Statue of Liberty a lie? Does it describe the immigrants theU.S. really wants? Explain.

TheStatue of Liberty represents liberty for immigrants and was themarking of the American people welcoming immigrants seekingopportunities and an American dream.

Althoughimmigrants continued facing prejudice at the time, today it isdifferent. Truly, immigrants can feel free in America (Maguth,Josh and Megan 10).Millions of immigrants enter the U.S and live the American Dream. Forexample, the incumbent president Obama is a son of an immigrant whotruly signifies what the Liberty Statue represents.

9.What happened to American Indians in the late 1800s? Give specificexamples. Do you agree with the way they were treated? Explain.

AmericanIndians faced struggle during the late 1800’s into the 1900s. Theywere fought by the state. Various presidents enacted policies thatprompted the American Indians to be removed from their native land(Act 203). The Trail of Tears for example explains how they wereremoved from their native land.

Itotally disagree with how they were treated. They were NativeAmericans and should have been awarded equal rights as othercitizens. There was no need to drive them away as they were notillegal immigrants. Today there are only a few left and they live inpoverty and misery.

10.What happened to Hispanics (in particular Tejanos) in the late 1800s?Give specific examples. Do you agree with the way they were treated?Explain.

TejanoMexicanos participated in a battle at the Alamo against Santa Anna issearch of freedom. They were mistreated and were denied rights likeother residents. Several of them died in this battle among them JoseAntonio Navarro who was among the three Tejano Mexican signers of theTexas Declaration of Independence (Stuntz47).

Thetreatment given to the Hispanics was unfair. They made so manycontributions to the development and growth of Texas. Like otherTexans, Hispanics worked very hard to put Texas ahead of other statesin the country.

WorksCited

Act,Indian Removal. &quotIndian Removal Act.&quot Encyclopediaof Media and Propaganda in Wartime America1 (2011): 203.

Adams,James H. &quotElites in Support of Herbert Spencer Barry Werth.Banquet at Delmonico`s: Great Minds, the Gilded Age, and the Triumphof Evolution in America. New York: Random House, 2009. 362 pp. $27.00(cloth), ISBN 1-40006-778-2.&quot TheJournal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era10.01 (2011): 118-120.

Buer,Mabel Craven. Health,wealth and population in the early days of the industrial revolution.Routledge, 2013.

Calhoun,Charles W. &quotEdward O. Frantz. The Door of Hope: RepublicanPresidents and the First Southern Strategy, 1877–1933.(NewPerspectives on the History of the South.) Gainesville: UniversityPress of Florida. 2011. TheAmerican Historical Review117.2 (2012): 539-540.

Jillson,Cal. TexasPolitics 4th Edition: Governing the Lone Star State.Routledge, 2013.

Lind,Michael. Landof promise: an economic history of the United States.Harper, 2012.

Maguth,Brad M., Josh Dustman, and Megan Kerr. &quotReexamining the Statueof Liberty: Different Perspectives on History and the Promise ofAmerica.&quot SocialStudies and the Young Learner25.4 (2013): 9-14.

Mantoux,Paul. Theindustrial revolution in the eighteenth century: An outline of thebeginnings of the modern factory system in England.Routledge, 2013.

Rosen,Ruth. Theworld split open: How the modern women`s movement changed America.Tantor eBooks, 2013.

Stuntz,Jean A. &quotHispanic Women on the Losing Side of the TexasRevolution.&quot Womenand the Texas Revolution(2012): 47.