Running head: SEMINAR QUESTIONS   1
Whatis postmodern public sphere?
Postmodernsphere refers to the general public institutions that are open to thepublic or those practices that have the characteristics of modernsociety, and any public member can engage. In simple terms, a publicsphere refers to the discursive space where public members meet andengage in public discussions or debates or a ‘theater’ in whichpublic opinions are made. The postmodern ‘public sphere’institutions include the mass media, theaters, libraries, schools,stock exchange, courts and other public institutions. The uniqueaspect of public spheres is that any person has equal terms ofaccess, equal principles of participation in the communication.
Thevalues underpinning the emergence of the postmodern public sphere
Publicsphere institutions have gained significance popularity in the modernsociety due to improved de jure equality. In addition, thesepostmodern public spheres have emerged due to the development ofinstitutions that have gendered definitions and inclusion of thepublic member’s opinion in social constructions. In addition, thepostmodern public sphere has gained momentum due to improved due totechnological advancement, globalization debates, and changes incultural, economic and political aspects of the society.
Strengthsand weaknesses of the postmodern public sphere concept
Inthe modern society, the public sphere is associated with mass culturewhich has increased public participation in political, social andeconomic debates. In particular, postmodern public sphere hasenhanced democracy in postmodern societies and improved civiceducation and participation. Citizens are more engaged in rationaldebates and formations of political wills that are important fordemocracy growth. However, there are skepticisms associated with theconcept especially where the mass media view the public as onlyconsumers of information. In addition, the public sphere integrity isheld in illusion. Postmodern public sphere have become commercialcenters rather than centers of engaging citizens in rationalpolitical participation.
Typesof media sources, formats and programming that typify the postmodernpublic sphere
Inthe Postmodern societies, the mass media televisions, radios, printmedia and the electronic media are the commonest public spheres. Inmost cases, the print media, televisions and radios conveycommercial, political, social and economic information to the public.Postmodern public sphere is characterized by improved publicparticipation in civic debates, political, social and economicopinions spearheaded by these mass media. In the postmodern society,the mass media are the most influential public sphere that influencespublic opinion on major issues in the social, economic and politicalaspects.