SocialInteraction and Socialization
Whatare the major agents of socialization?
Agentsof socialization refer to social institutions that help peopleacquire and learn about beliefs, values, attitudes, and norms of thesociety in which they live in. several agents of socialization existbut the chief one are the mass media, peer groups, school, and thefamily. Peer groups refer to group of individuals within or aroundthe same age bracket both adults and children have certain peergroups. NesSmith (238) also define peer groups as a groups ofindividual within the same age bracket, share similar background, adbelong to the same social class. Children’s peer groups chieflyconsist of their friends while that of adults consist primarily oftheir colleagues at work as well as those individuals that they grewup with. Mass media refers to the various means of communicationthrough which societies communicate these media include radio,newspaper, and magazine. A school is an institution or organizationthat aims at teaching students/ pupils/children under the supervisionof teachers or lecturers. A family constitute of group of individualsthat share the same genetics in nature. It incorporates members ofboth immediate and extended family. Family members share theirpersonal experiences openly and comfortably amongst themselves.
Brieflydescribe how each influences human development
Familyis the first social institution and group that plays a key role inshaping one’s personality. Family does not have universal impact onan individual self-formation due to the existence of immensediversity on the sizes and structures of various families. Mostpeople inherit their position in the social structure from theirfamilies (Wasburn 189). Families also act as transmission agents forindividuals’ capital (cultural, economic, and social capital). Thisis a clear indication that family plays an immense role indetermining what we become in the future in other words, there isnever equality at birth. Indeed, a person’s family position in thesocial structure affects his or her life chances. Again, familiesdetermine some of the child-rearing practices. For instance, middleclass families have a high tendency of practicing concertedcultivation (parents are enormously in the education andextra-curricular activities of their children) whereas those thatbelong to working-class have a high probability of practicingaccomplishment of natural growth (involves more unstructured leisuretime). Parents from working class families take it theirresponsibility to establish clear boundaries between children andadults they enforce these boundaries through directives rather thannegation. Therefore, children from working class families areexpected to obey as well as interact with their kin in a more intensemanner (Swanson 104).
Schoolshave immense influence on the future of an individual they impactskills and knowledge of reading, writing, and general arithmetic onsuch an individual. They are the first collective and impersonalenvironment that children encounter. People get a broader perspectiveof family culture, values, and behavior of the society (Swanson 117).Schools give children the chance to deal with authority figures otherthan their peers and parents. Grades and official records offered byvarious schools further help children gauge their impersonalassessment of their abilities. Again, schools offer differentactivities that are vital in inculcating values of competition,honesty, patriotism, justice, and democracy amongst children. Schoolsalso put extra effort in introducing and impacting correct attitudesabout economic ad political system of a country to the children.
Peersgroups help children be somewhat independent they set children freefrom direct supervision of adults (Wasburn 202). They interact withtheir peers and learn how to form relationships on their own. Peergroups further offer children the chance to openly discuss intereststhat adults may not share with them. Undeniably, peers groups haveenormous impacts on individuals in the rapidly changing society. Inmost cases, most young individuals realize the significance of peergroups during their adolescence stage. This is because adolescentstage enable young individuals break away from their families andconsider themselves as adults. They influence a person’s behavior,attitude, habit, and belief. Bardis (152) argue that peer groupsinfluence the way an individual dress, places they visit, music theylisten to as well as the slang they use since they spend most oftheir time hanging out with their peers. Children that tend to actdifferently from their peers often face social stigma andharassments.Massmedia has great impact on human development. Nowadays, mostindividuals have access to most source of communication like internetand TV. It affects people’s behavior, attitude, and their opinionon various social issues. Most televisions programs not only act aschannels of entertainment but also act as big agents ofsocialization. Gender perceptions prevalent in the society areprojected by human characters portrayed in different TV’s programsand advertisements. This, in turn, plays a key role in genderconstruction in the society. TV programs also help in shaping thevalues, orientation, and attitudes of people to life.
Massmedia may nevertheless have negative effects on human development.For instance, Bardis (162) argue that children who spend many hourson television have a high likelihood of having stereotypical views ofthe minorities and women. Other researchers show that such childrenhave a high chance of being overweight since they rarely take part inexercise games. Again, boys who spend most of their time watching andplaying video games tend to have violent and aggressive behave
Thenask someone you know how each agent has influenced their life, andintegrate their response in the essay
Afriend of mine confessed that agents of socialization have greatlyimpacted his life. He confessed that his parents have transmittedtheir values to him in the course of his childhood. He accepted thatthese values have helped him to be honest in whatever he doeshowever, he confessed that he has not completely accepted all ofthese values. He also said that the school has exposed him to manynew religious and political values. He responded that some of hispolitical values emerged from the things he learnt while others havebeen as a result of his reactions to the political values of peoplethat he has interacted with. He also confessed to have been watchingfootball especially English premium league, thanks to his peers.During his early childhood, he rarely watched any football match butnowadays no game passes him by. His habit has been influenced by mostof his friends who are fond and fan of these games.
Healso confessed that mass media has had immense positive impact on hissocial life. For instance, he has formed an enormous group of friendswho have had great impact on his life. He has joined careerdevelopment groups through various social groups these groups haveenabled him expand his career options.
Bardis,Panos. SocialInteraction and Social Processes. SocialScience.54. 3 (2007): 147-167. Print.
NesSmith,William. ThinkingSociologically: An Introduction to the Discipline.TeachingSociology.24.2 (2011): 238-239. Print.
Swanson,Guy. OnExplanations of Social Interaction. Sociometry.28.2 (2009): 101-123. Print.
Wasburn,Philo. Socializationand Social Conflict. InternationalReview of Modern Sociology.14. 2 (2010): 187-206. Print.