Social Psychology



Understandingthe personality of human beings has been a central issue to most ofthe psychologists for decades. In specific,is understanding therelationship between different personality traits such as openness toexperience with behaviors such as mood disorders. Opennesspersonality trait refers to the reflection that has astrongassociation with mood disorders. The ability of openness to cause achange in mood of an individual is highly attributed to increasing inthe transmission of serotonin that enhances one’s cognitiveabilities, thereby, the sensitivity to environmental changes.Similarly, significant evidence is postulated to exist betweenopenness to experience and extraversion that interplay to influenceindividual behavior. The strong relationship between the two ishighly attributable to six facets shared by extraverts and opennessto theexpression. These facets include aesthetics, fantasy, ideas,values, fantasy, and feelings that influence one’s behaviors(Aluja, Garcia, &amp Garcia, 2003). As such, the study by Aluja,Garcia &amp Garcia (2003) aimed at creating an understanding of therelationship that exist between openness to experience and extravertsfor the development of strategies that can be used to manageundesirable behaviors in the society. Understanding openness toexperience plays an important role in psychology.

Significantevidence provided by Joslin (2006) shows that openness to experienceallows for the understanding of individual’s behavior, causes ofmaladaptive behavior, and effective management of the undesiredbehavior. In addition, empirical evidence shows that openness toexperience has asignificant relationship with knowledge,intelligence, and creativity that influence individual’s behavior.As such, while significant evidence shows openness to experience toinfluence one’s moods, high openness provides individuals enhancesliberal virtues rather than conservatism in the low openness toexperience. Similarly, openness to experience allows for theunderstanding of other social behaviors such as traditionalreligiosity (low openness to experience) and open spirituality andreligiosity in high openness to experience. Therefore, Aluja, Garcia,&amp Garcia (2003) conclude that understanding the significance ofopenness to experience allows for the adoption of effectivepsychological strategies of meeting the needs of the variedindividuals in the society.


Aluja,A., Garcia, O., &amp Garcia, L. (2003). Relationships AmongExtraversion, Openness To Experience, And Sensation Seeking.Personalityand Individual Differences,35(3),671-680.

Joslin,F. (2006). Theexperience of an internal merger: the relationships between opennessto change, institutional support, acculturation, psychologicaldistress and work related outcomes.New York: South-WesternCengage Learning.