Term Theory Application of Theory in the Study of Parole and Probation

TermTheory: Application of Theory in the Study of Parole and Probation

TermTheory: Application of Theory in the Study of Parole and Probation

Theoriesenhance the study of the key principles and strategies used in theprocess of correcting offenders. The term theory refers to a rationaland contemplative type of generalized or abstract thinking (James,2006). In other words, theory is a tested and a general propositionthat is regarded as a correct and appropriate for use as a principleto predict and explain some phenomenon. The theory offers anexplanatory model for some observations and several assumptions arederived from those explanations.

Theuse of theories in the study of parole and probation is inevitablegiven the role they play enhancing the understanding of the basicstrategies used correction facilities. Theories have three majorcontributions in the study of parole and probation. First, theyenhance the understanding of the reasons why the stakeholders in thecriminal judicial system apply certain correction strategies. Forexample, the cognitive behavioral theory provides an explanation forthe use of the Thinking for a Change Program in reducing the rate ofrecidivism among offenders (Abadinsky,2012). Secondly,theories help the stakeholders in the judicial system in identifyingthe information required to design the most effective interventionsthat can result in effective correction of offenders. Third, theoriesprovide an insight into the process of designing successfulcorrection programs. This implies that theories make it possible topredict the success or failure of a program during the design phase.

Theoryrefers to a conceptual model that gives an explanation of someexisting observations and makes some predictions of new observations(James, 2006). Fact, on the other hand, refers to things that peoplecan readily observe. Facts may pertain to real or objectivephenomenon.


Abadinsky,H. (2012). Probationand parole: Theory and practice (11th ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

James,P. (2006). Global,nationalism, tribalism: Bringing theory back in.London: Sage Publications.