THE CULTURAL DIFFERENCES: UNITED STATES AND CHINA
TheCultural Differences: Among The Youths In The United States And China
TheCultural Differences: Among The Youths In The United States AndChina.
Normsis an expected way that people are supposed to behave in certainsituations. Doing the contrary to how things are supposed to be isdisrespectful to the traditions and norms. Norms mean behaving in aparticular way, which is considered right, significant, or useful bythe society, and every member of that community should adhere tothose rules (Buckly 2013). There are two types of norms: theycomprise of the formal and informal norms. Formal norms are thewritten down rules while the informal norms are just the casualbehaviors that a certain age group is supposed to abide by. In china,it is perfectly all right among the youth to hold each other`s handsas they walk along. A girl in China can go holding the other girlshand, and boy can put their hands on their male companions. For somepeople, they consider this right according to the Chinese norms.However, in the American culture it is contrary to the norms for aman to put their hands on another man`s shoulders (Sharrock2010).
Asper Chang, L. (2009), moresarethe norms that a group must abide to because they are good moralviews and principles that is likely to lead them in the path thatthey want. Some of the strongest mores can be protected by the use offormal norms. For example in the United States, plagiarism is aviolation of a norm that can lead to the expulsion of a student butin China the rule about plagiarism is not a serious issue that canlead to the termination of a student`s studies. (UnderstandingChina’s Cultural Contradictions).
Folkwaysare norms that people abide by, but they do not have any moralunderpinnings. The good thing about folkways is that they give adirect guide on the appropriate behavior that is supposed to becarried day in day out. In china, the youth prefers to greet theirparent’s or older guardians by bowing down although the bowlingdepends on the proximity of the person. In the United States, mostyouths prefer to great their guardians through shaking of hands andhugging. However, this trend is changing among the Chinese youthbecause the current generation instead of bowing they prefer only tonod their heads (Chinesetradition and culture).
Accordingto Zhongwen, S. and Qiaosheng, C. (2010), symbolsare forms of commutation, and they comprise of signals gestures,objects, words, and signs as a way of communication. The use ofsymbolsenablesthe other party to recognize meanings and understand experiences. TheChinese youth is not synonymous with giving their peers giftsespecially gifts that are black and white. For the Chinese youth,black signifies sorrow, poverty, and that why they shun away fromgiving each other gifts. In the United States, the child is verycomfortable giving each other gifts because that is a symbol ofgratitude and love for each other (Understanding China’s CulturalContradictions).
Culturaluniversalsare the standards that the society perceives to be good for them. Inchina today, most of the youth have changed their traditions andcustoms to look like those of the west. There are over 1.34 billionChinese and surprisingly they have held the same customs andtraditions for years. However, as of now most of the Chinese and theAmerican youth want to move through the same path of change oftechnology, and that is why globalization has affected the youthculture in both cultures (WhyChina`s Youth Find Western Culture Attractive).
Valueshelp the society to get to know what is good, ugly, beautiful, andsad for them so that it can happen. In the United States and China,the culture that has to be placed upon the child is that theyrepresent or signify the sexuality. Sexuality means that the youth inboth countries is mostly concerned with looking good, fair and youth.It has led them to use millions of dollars for plastic surgery andbuying cosmetic goods (ChineseYouth Culture with Bryant Chou)
Thedifferences reflected in the two cultures
TheChinese and American youth have been brainwashed by materialistideologies that have led to a secular orientation among the youth.Lack of spirituality and too much materialism has been the biggestchallenge among the Chinese youth compared to other youth in America.The World Value Survey that was conducted by the United Nations showsthat was ranked highest in terms of effect of materialistic valuesaffect among the youth.
Theother difference between the two cultures is that the youngergenerations in Chinese are more secular and individualistic thantheir counterparts, the Americans. Recent studies show that the trendhas increased immensely, and it could benefit to the academic worldsto introduce English- speaking readers to help with the study ofthese current trends.
TheChinese culture varies from the culture of the Americans because mostof the Chinese society is can move more towards post- socialism. MostChinese youths care a lot about their family and observing theirspiritual concerns. The American is more observant on social statusand education than the Chinese are observant. Family ties are notcrucial to the American youth culture, unlike the Chinese culture.Most American youth like to spend more time with their peers insteadof their families and they have a tendency to love traveling,studying, and just partying unlike their counterparts who are moreconservative (Klein 2010)
Fordecades, the media have regulated the youth in the United States. Themedia brainwash the youth by using only a few individuals torepresent the vast majority of the youth. The media have setstandards that a youth should get in order for them to be consideredrich. The media use the celebrities who have a bad reputation toestablish trends in terms of clothing or even just style. However,the Chinese young people have grown in more traditional home set upsunlike those young people in America, and this makes the wholedifference. The Chinese youth gets to know about current technologyor fashion when they are about twenty years old unlike theircounterparts in the United, who know the same things when they areabout fourteen years old (Beller & Hout 2006).
Inthe United States, most of the youth are present oriented unliketheir counterparts in China who could influence by history. In theUnited States young, most children have the knowledge of currenttechnology unlike in China where it is only the youth that know aboutsuch technology ( Chang 2009). Although the Chinese youth iscompetent with social media, same as their counterparts in the UnitedStates, their social media is contradicting because Taoism,Confucianism, and Buddhism mark it. Moreover, most American youth hasmuch love for their country than those in China because the Americanculture has much individualism, success, liberalism, and freedom.
Beller,E. & Hout, M. (2006). IntergenerationalSocial Mobility: The United States in Comparative Perspective.http://futureofchildren.org/futureofchildren/publications/docs/16_02_02.
Buckley,Chris. “Hurdles Seen for Change in China’s One Child Policy Rule.New York Times. November 13, 2013.http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/18/world/asia/chinas-vow-to-relax-one-child-policy-faces-reality-check.html?pagewanted=print.
Chinesetradition and culture.http://www.buzzle.com/articles/chinese-traditions-and-culture.html.
ChineseYouth Culture with Bryant Chou.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dyODVcocxe4.
Chang,L. (2009). FactoryGirls.New York: Spiegel and Gray.http://www.forbes.com/sites/china/2010/08/23/debunking-myths-about-chinas-youth-culture/print.
Klein,A. (2010). CollegeSaid to Enrich Disadvantages Students Most.http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2010/04/01/28college.h29.html?tkn=PSYFrdyamvPZZtYz37bRVoLowDlx75TW0poY&print=1.Retrievedon 02.10.2010.
WhyChina`s Youth Find Western Culture Attractive.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TwtMLdCsjH8.
Sharrock,G. (2010). Journalof Higher Education Policy and Management.www.cshe.unimelb.edu.au/people/…/HKU%20101208%20Marginson.
Zhongwen,S. and Qiaosheng, C. (2010). China’sCulture.Translated by Wang, Guzheng. China International Press.