Theologyof the Death of God
Modernityeroded the essence of religion in the human lives. Unlike in thetraditional religious societies where all activities and actions werepreceded by the altercation of the supreme being power and guidance,the modern society is different. The modern society has replacedreligion with lush for material things, knowledge and technology.Human actions and relationships are no longer guided by the chastityof religious beliefs. It is indeed true that God is dead in themodern society mankind no longer fear the supreme God as theyindulge in worldly pleasures and other obnoxious sins. The Christianfaith and God is no longer seen as the source of supreme law,providence and guidance. Many are those living in doubt of theexistence of true divinity power and even the actions of mostbelievers’ exhibit contradiction on the divine moral values. TheGod of self-serviette, morality, hope and belief is no longer theessence of reality in human lives and as such, one is forgiven forstating that God is dead in the modern society.
Themeaning of ‘God is dead’
Thetheology of God is dead is associated with the Christian movementwhich believed in theistic beliefs that God was either absent or‘dead.’ In particular, the idea of God is Dead is linked toFriedrich Nietzsche remarks that God is dead(Nietzsche113).Although it is recorded that Friedrich did not mean it literally,metaphorically he never believed in the existence of God just likeAlbert Einstein and other atheist scientists. Friedrich argumentswere that religion was no longer the guiding principle inspirituality in the modern world. The idea that God is dead does notappear to infer that God does not exist literary rather it is as aresult of the mystical and philosophical interpretation by differentpeople. For instance, when Jesus was crucified the emergence of theHoly Spirit was a symbolic revelation Gods power over death and inthis way, Gods death does not literary mean the negative implicationof a dead God.
Hegelarguments tend to shed light on this mystical theory of dead God, andone can relate his arguments to Nietzsche arguments that it is thehuman thoughts that have killed God, but not the death of God as such(Nietzsche113).For instance, Friedrich argued that, it is the human beings actionsthat have killed God and the shadow of His power still loom overEarth (Nietzsche113). I can concur with Friedrich and Hegel arguments that, the idea ofGod is dead, does not literary mean as such, but rather God is deadin human beings individuals’ actions lack the element of Godlinessin them (Casanova154).The idea of God death appear to have been misunderstood fromFriedrich writings, he did not mean the ‘physical’ death but itwas a metaphoric insinuation of humanity decadence through immoralactions (Rubenstein294).In this case, the meaning is that, religion or another spirituality(God) was no longer fathomed as the supreme guiding element of morals(Nietzsche123).
Furthermore,in the modern world where this idea sprouted, one can associate thisidea to the inadequateness in Christianity teaching and the worldhappenstances that leave Christians with mystical beliefs as they tryto connect biblical aspects with worldly circumstances. The modernsocieties do not reason and act in Godly ways as they used to inanthropocentric times. One can also argue that, people are beyondreligion mystics and as such, need an established moral compass. Inmy opinion, the idea that God is dead, therefore, infers that theconcept of religion (God) has been rendered useless and meaninglessand instead human beings have built their knowledge as their guidingcompass in place of God. In short, men have dethroned and outgrownthe idea of God existence (Rubenstein300).
IsGod dead in our culture (i.e., the Pacific Northwest?)
Inthe modern society, the God is dead in our culture and especially inmost Pacific Northwestern cultures many people are living as Goddoes not exist. The world is characterized by various immorality andworship of earthly materials rather than using the material resourcesto uplift the power of God. In all sectors of decision making andactions, there is void. God power and guidance is no longer apriority in politics, education and the entertainment among others(Nietzsche124).The world has become more secular, and the legitimacy of truereligion has been eclipsed by greed for materialism, power, fame andlack of humanity (Casanova164).
Thereis a widespread decline in religious beliefs in the Pacific Northwestand Europe where unlike in the past when religion was the guidingelement in such aspect as birth control, secularism in the modernityhas rendered the religion authority in such matters useless. Instead,secularization has ushered in various evils such as gays, lesbianism,incest, immorality, drug abuse, murder and general moral decadence.It is recorded that, in the United States and most western nationsthe idea of religion has diminished significantly due to infiltrationof secular societies and religious immigration(Rubenstein 297).
Inmost Pacific Northwestern cultures, technological advancement,knowledge and science, entertainment and declining importance ofsocial institutions such as families have largely contributed torising secularism in the West. In particular, there is a decreasedattendance in places of worship and religion no longer has influencein aspects of public life. The result has been a spiritual vacuum oras Nietzscheobserved ‘God is dead’ in the modern societies. The human societyhas killed God through secularism and incarnating God with our sins(Casanova154).
Myopinion on whether God is dead in the modern society
Inour modern societies, I can assertively say that ‘God is dead’ inour cultures and general way of life. God is still the Supreme Beingand His powers still exists, however, God is dead’ as indicatedthrough our secularized form of living. There are so many evils inthe modern society as people pursue material wealth, fame and powerrendering the essence of God useless in our lives(Nietzsche133).Even the modern religious teaching no longer focus on teaching themass about God, rather most religious institutions are business likeempires targeting the gullible and the poor. How else do we explainthe numerous controversies in the modern church? The shepherdsentrusted with the lives and the faiths of their followers haveturned into wolfs by engaging in sexual immoral acts, misusing thechurch offerings and engaging in religious fights(Bruce 233).
MostChristians and their shepherds no longer follow Christianity valuesin their lives especially when dealing with others there is a lackof humanity in the modern society. In the same way, Karl Max argued,religion has become synonymous to opium of masses many attendreligious institutions but do not practice as per the doctrines.Religious doctrines no longer serve as guiding principles when makingdecisions in regard to life, education, health, politics and others.For instance, many societies have embraced technology deism insteadof religion in such aspects as cloning, euthanasia, life supportmachines, abortions and religious justification of war. In respect tohuman morals, many people have become ruthless in character, believefairly in the existence of God, and many has embraced devil worshipand atheism (Staudt2).All these are clear indication that indeed ‘God is dead’ in oursociety. However, God is still in existence but it is a humancharacter, actions and beliefs that have outgrown and renderedmeaningless the concept of ‘a living God.’
Potentialconsequences of the notion that ‘God is Dead’ in our society
Christianitywill diminish significantly as modernity progresses. Religiousteachings in the modern society no longer carry the biblical messageof good morals, humanity and living in accordance to Godly ways(Nietzsche123).Most religious teachings are now based on how to acquire materialwealth, and live lavishly. In fact, most religious institutions haveopenly supported cultural practices such as same-sex marriages,incest and other forms of immorality that traditional religion andbiblical teachings oppose. The resulting effect is that religiousfaith will be an illusion of the past and true humanity will erode(Casanova 194).Humanity will become more sinful, atheistic, greater spiritual vacuumand relationship with God will be as distant as the stars. While somesocieties have become more secular, others have become morereligious. For instance, Israel and London have become more religiousas their counterpart immigrants in the United States have becomesecular. However, this does not mean that the human race is entirelydoomed as the resurrection of Jesus was proof enough that Goddefeated death. In this respect, ‘God is dead in sinners’ but‘alive for those who believe and have faith in Christ Jesus’ (Rom6:11).
Godis dead in the modern societies as pursuit of early pleasures andindulgences in sins have eroded the supreme power of God. The modernworld is more secularized than in the traditional times.The idea that God is dead does not infer that God does not existliterary rather it meansthat God is still in existence but the human actions and beliefs thathave outgrown and rendered meaningless the concept of ‘a livingGod.’ Religious doctrines are no longer guiding principles indecision making in regard to life, education, health, politics andothers many societies have embraced technology deism instead ofreligion in such aspects as birth control, cloning, euthanasia, lifesupport machines, abortions and religious justification of war.Humanity has become more sinful, atheistic creating a greaterspiritual vacuum in relationship with God. However, while somesocieties have become more secular, others have become more religiousand we cannot generally say that God is dead in the whole Universe.God is still in existence and His omnipresent power still lives butnot among the sinning mankind!
BruceSteve. “God is dead: Secularization in the West.” Oxford: Willey-Blackwell Publishers. 2002, pg. 200-288.
Casanova,Jose (1994). “PublicReligions in the Modern World.”IL: The University of Chicago Press, pg. 13.
NietzscheFriedrich."The Madman" Walter Kaufman. New York: Vintage, 1974.
RubensteinRichard L. "God after the Death of God." Theologyand Contemporary Judaism.2nd. Ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992, pg.293–306.
StaudtJared. “Is God dead? Have we killed Him?” TheTheological Journal, Nova et Vetera.2014. Retrieved fromhttp://www.crisismagazine.com/2014/is-god-dead-have-we-killed-him