Tourismand Climate Change
Tourismand Climate Change
Tourismis regarded as an economic sector that is highly sensitive to climatechanges due to its close climate and environmental connections.Adaptation is a process by which plans aimed at coping with,moderating and taking advantage of the results of climate events areput in place, developed and later implemented. Indeed, climate changeadaptation is the adjustment made in natural and human environment asa response to the current and expected future climatic conditionaimed at moderating harm and giving opportunities for exploitingenvironmental beneficial opportunities. Many organizations have comein place to preserve environment as well as promoting environmentaltourism. However, world environmental condition is still demanding(WTO& UNEP, 2008).
Temperaturechange keeps on varying each and every day that in turn has broughtthe unpredictable climatic condition characterized by heavyprecipitation and heat waves. In addition, emission of green housegases from burning of fuels and cutting down of trees hence includingthe level of environmental carbon has also promoted to the criticalenvironmental conditions that are not conducive for the developmentof tourism sector. Therefore, several strategies need to be put inplace to promote tourism irrespective of the current environmentalcondition as well as preserving and protecting both natural and humanenvironment. For the tourism sector to adapt to the coming changesbrought up by climate changes, the tourism sector need to adapt someof the following adaptation principles (Schott,2010).
Adaptationshould be placed in development context. Climate change affects thecountry or generally the world’s sustainable development negativelyin various ways including energy, water resources, biodiversity,agriculture, and health. These changes in the environment affect thetourism sector directly or indirectly. Process of tourism adaptationneed to incorporate sustainable development strategies and policiesin coming up with strategies to mitigate these adverse environmentalconditions. In addition, tourists need to understand the concept ofsustainability and carry it everywhere they go. Tourist needs tounderstand that for them to better the current environmentalcondition they need to use the resources they find in touristattraction sites sustainably as well as protecting everything thenature has for them. In this context, each and every developmentshould be sustainable or in other words protects its need for thefuture (Mitchell& Ashley, 2010).
Touristneeds to learn from the current adaptive experience for them to beable to cope with climate variability in future. Tourism sector hasgot great experiences in dealing with climate variability. Assessmentof these experiences in coping up with environmental variability isimportant in tourism sector and therefore should be used as theadaptation process starting point. All tourism stakeholders need toget involved in this adaptation process for them to be able to takefull advantages of their great and diverse expertise and experiencein adaptation of the current variability in climate change (Eagleset al, 2001).
Touristalso needs to understand the different levels under which adaptationoccurs. In particular tourist needs to understand that adaptationstarts at a local level. There are different levels at whichadaptation may be undertaken. For example, Australia had a nationallevel strategy which provided action plan that was to be adopted bytourism sector to deal with climate change issues as well aspromoting the tourism sector. However, though the plan was nationalits implementation took place at local destination, project andbusiness level. Tourism involvement in climate change is essentialand should be utilized in all levels, national, international or atlocal level. At local levels the community needs to be alerted on theneed to preserve what nature has for them as well as protecting itsfuture demand. In addition, the governments need to understand thatadaptation process is effective when began at local level andtherefore should invest their powers and strategies in alerting andteaching the local community on the need to protect the environment(Cooper,2003).
Inaddition, the tourism need to incorporate these adaptation principlesfor them to enjoy what nature has given for us and at the same timeconserving it. However, they need to follow several steps in adaptingthese principles. These steps are aimed at synthesizing people aboutthe need to conserve environment as they enjoy it. One of the stepsis the need to get the right people to undertake the participatoryprocess. The next step is the need to screen the vulnerability of therisks. In this step, the leaders of the participatory process willneed to identify the potential and current environmental risks(Batta,2000).Following these steps will be able to save our environment as well asthe tourism sector. Tourism sector gives 46% of the total nationalincome in the world therefore there is a good need to protect thissector (Schmitz,2013).On the other hand, environment is everything, destroying theenvironment destroys the future. People need to observe what candestroy the environment and in turn plants more tree to absorb theexcess environmental carbon.
Batta,R. N. (2000). Tourismand the environment: A quest for sustainability with specialreference to developing countries, and policy analysis on HimachalPradesh.New Delhi: Indus Pub. Co.
Cooper,C. P. (2003). Classicreviews in tourism.Clevedon Buffalo: Channel View Publications.
Eagles,P. F. J., Bowman, M. E., Tao, T. C.-H., University of Waterloo., IUCNWorld Commission on Protected Areas., & IUCN–The WorldConservation Union. (2001).Guidelinesfor tourism in parks and protected areas of East Asia.Gland, Switzerland: IUCN–The World Conservation Union
Mitchell,J., & Ashley, C. (2010). Tourismand poverty reduction: Pathways to prosperity.London: Earthscan.
Schmitz.(2013).Tourismas a challenge: Southampton:WIT Press
Schott,C. (2010). Tourismand the implications of climate change: Issues and actions.Bingley: Emerald Group
WorldTourism Organization., & United Nations Environment Programme.(2008). Climatechange and tourism: Responding to global challenges.Madrid: World Tourism Organization