Seizureis a common problem occurring among the human population. They aredifferent types of seizure that require doctors to advocateappropriate medical treatment. If left untreated seizure can causeserious effects on the afflicted persons. Seizures are mainlyclassified as primary generalized seizures and seizure that arepartial. The main differentiating factor is how the seizure occurs. Additionally, seizures can be classified as, partial seizures,generalized and continuous seizures. In this paper we will look atthe three form s of seizure analyzing behavior identified with eachseizure, the possible causes, treatment and medication available.Furthermore, we shall analyze the available similarities.
Tobegin with, partial seizures can be classified as simple partialseizures, complex partial seizures and partial seizure generating tosecondarily generalized seizures. Simple partial seizures are notknown to cause conscious impairment. The simple partial seizures donot interfere with motor signs, sensory symptoms and with autonomicsymptoms. On the other hand, complex partial seizure is known tocause conscious impairment. At the initial first stages a partialseizure sets in followed by conscious impairment. At extreme casesimpairment of the conscious occurs at the on setoff the seizure. Itis important to note that partial seizure cause sensory distortwithout causing unconsciousness. Among the sign and symptoms ofcomplex partial seizure include repeatedly repetition of a givenaction. Additionally, it may include blank stare, tunnel vision thatindicate reduction in the level of consciousness. Seizures aredependent on the part of brain affected. For example a given seizureaffecting a specific part of the brain can cause a particular sensoryexperience. It may lead in ideal examples to production of imagesthat cannot be easily explained. They are mainly centered ontemporally lobes and may therefore cause given muscle movements. Themuscle movements cause ecstatic experiences in human beings that maylead to getting along diagnosis. The other diagnosis may be meant forschizophrenia and psychosis. Anticonvulsants are required to lowerthe seizure symptoms and offer medical treatments.
Generalizedseizures on the other hand are classified in various subcategoriesbased on behavioral effect. The main classes are absence seizures,myoclonic seizures, and clonic seizures, tonic-clonic and atonicseizures. Absence seizure leads to muscle twitches that make personsunresponsive and vacant for short periods. Myoclonic seizures lead tobrief muscle movements that refer to contraction that lead to jerkymovements in the body.Clonic seizure are repetitive in nature andlead to the recurring nature of seizures. Tonic-clonic seizures aremore intense and lead to occurrence of tongue biting, inconsistencyin urinary system and breathing cycle absence and this closelyresembles epilepsy. Atonic seizure is known to cause individuals tofall on the ground. This is referred to as cataplexy.
Onthe other hand continuous seizures referrer to refer to recurringseizures that take longer times to end .Normally they take close tofive minutes. Emergency services are recommended for such cases. Thecontinuous seizure if left unattended may lead to death. However,various types of medications are available includingbenzodiazepines.Epilepsiapartialis continuaoccur in individuals that have suffered stroke and other focalcortical inflammatory causes in children. They mainly caused by viralinfections.
Tocontrol and diagnose epilepsy antiepileptic drugs are used.Additionally, electrophalogram test is conducted on the brain toestablish nature of seizure and its level of seriousness. Moreover,magnetic resonance imaging scan can be used to establish the level ofbrain damage in case of complex seizures. In case of extreme cases asurgery is recommended to the inflicted persons
Appleton,R., & Marson, A. G. (2009). Epilepsy:The facts.Oxford: Oxford University Press.