Virtualizationadoption Plan for the SeaBreeze City
Ininformation Technology virtualization is the creation of virtualmachines, platforms, storage devices, operating systems (OS) andother computer resources. Virtualization is achieved through an ITengineering process in which virtual machines (VMs) are created.Virtual machines work in the same way, as real desktop computers withoperating systems. However, in the case of virtual machines theoperating software is separated from the hardware sets. For instance,a hardware computer that uses Microsoft windows would use UbuntuLinux to host a virtue machine since Ubuntu software is compatiblewith virtue machines(Bell, 2014).
Virtualizedmachines use virtue storage devices to store large sets of data andthis could be useful to the Sea Breeze City. A more advanced form ofdesktop virtualization is the virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) inwhich the user interacts with other virtual computers withoutdirectly using the mouse, keyboard or the monitor of the hostcomputer (Bell,2014).The host computer used to access the virtual machine is the servercomputer and can host other numerous virtual machines. Virtualizationtechnology is a significant development in IT and is highly gainingground due to its capacity to save resources, rising competition andgovernment regulations.
Waysin which virtualization could help the Sea Breeze City
Virtualizationis an important aspect in the management of operations and especiallyin cutting costs, saving energy and providing an infrastructure thatmeets the needs of customers. Virtualization technology was developedin the 1960s and there has been improved efficiency and capabilitiesthat were not possible through hardware technologies (Bell,2014).The following are the major benefits that Sea Breeze City wouldachieve through virtualization.
Savingenergy (power consumption)
Virtualizationenhances the use of few hardware computers and storage devices andthis would help the Sea Breeze City save millions of dollars inenergy cuts. In the same line, virtualization enhances serverconsolidation that reduces data center footprints. Fewer servers meanthat less networking racks and gears are used and this wouldconsequently reduce floor space required for hardware devices thiswould cut costs by using virtual storages than physical storagecenters. In short, energy and costs will be saved when serverconsolidation is achieved by virtualization as less power andphysical space would significantly reduce utilities and spaceexpenses.
Serverconsolidation will help the Sea Breeze City build a testing labisolated from other networks which is important in preventing severecrashes on traffic networks.
Loadbalancing and disaster recovery
Virtualizationhelp in balancing workload among different servers and this enhancesefficient utilization of resources. For instance, virtualizationwould help manage several virtual computers using one server and thismeans that fewer administrators would be needed. In instances wherethere are severe network clashes which may result in massive dataloss, virtualization enhances data recovery through interconnectedcomputers. The recovery is achieved through virtual imaging and couldbe useful to the Sea Breeze City.
Virtualizationfacilitates in quick server provisioning by reducing the processingtime unlike when using physical machines. In this respect, the SeaBreeze City would save more time and possibly more returns as anefficient system would increase productivity. This would improve onmanagement costs and save time for the city operations and subsequentenergy use. In the same line, virtualization would help improvesecurity and reliability of the physical system in the event thesystem crashes or the memory is corrupted by other software leadingto mass data loss (Bell,2014).
Insummary, major benefits are expected for the Sea Breeze City in theevent they adopt virtualization. These benefits are reduction in theutilization of hardware computers and hence less energy consumption.In addition costs for IT consultancy, management, system maintenanceand physical space will be reduced. Additionally, virtualization willenhance information security, workload balancing and faster serverprovisioning thereby improving service provision.
Howto address negative implications that would result fromvirtualization
PeopleTraining and education
Ifthe Sea Breeze City adopts virtual technology, this may not match theskills and knowledge of staffs in operating the virtue machines. Thismay present a fair challenge that may increase costs of training andhiring consultancy services. Therefore, it is imperative that thestaffs be adequately trained on the new technology training shouldbe done to the administrators, staffs and other virtual machineusers. The administrators need to understand the process of virtualinstallation as well as managing risk features in the new technology.Equally, other users need training to enhance them understandimportant configurations for the virtual machines(Yang, 2014).
Assetsmanagement and tracking
Onemajor negative implication of virtualization is asset tracking andmanagement. In the physical world (when using desktop computers),when a new server is brought online aseries of oversight processes takesplace the approval, procurement and the legal process (Bell,2014).However, with the virtualized machines, provisioning of new serversand operating them require few clicks to have virtual machines linkedto physical machines and this is legal risk.
Inaddition, during virtual machine migration, workload balancing, assettracking and management the virtualization process used elopes thelegalization process (licensing requirement)and this could present the SeaBreeze Citywith legal challenges (Yang, 2014).New-virtual machines are brought up or down through virtualizationprocess and this does not conform to legal requirements. This problemcan be addressed through standards, process and procedures used inthe physical systems. Another negative implication of virtualizationis that, it may lead to the acquisition of malware appliances thatincrease security risks of the virtual machines. As such, it isimportant to have strict regulations to guide in applianceacquisition especially if they are to be downloaded from the internetor through the third party.
Thediffusion of virtualization technology
Inthe modern world, virtualization has moved beyond the general use andapplication as it was previously designed. Currently, desktopvirtualization is more than previous versions of virtualized filestorage. Today, there is an improved version of virtualizationthrough cloud computing (Yang,2014).Most organizations have adopted cloud computing as a way of costcutting, cost avoidance and optimal services through data storage. Inthis line, designs such as infrastructure-as-service (Iaas) andsoftware-as-service (Saas) have emerged help in improving datamanagement and storage across all platforms. In terms of diffusion,cloud computing has gained entry in the market with many firmsreplacing their traditional virtual applications in exchange of cloudcomputing technology(Yang, 2014).
However,managing cloud computing in regard to technical and privacy concernsremain a challenge. For instance, when many users are signed in,managing all the accounts becomes hard and it is even hard ensuringthat all servers are turned off this results in high monthly billsfor network and power consumption(Hau & Rudolph, 2004).Nevertheless, cloud computing is a tempting solution for many firmsthat seek new IT solutions when external support for existingsoftware and hardware are needed (Bell,2014).
Thereis an evolving virtual technology that involves the concept ofcorporate portfolio and combines SharePoint, Microsoft and cloudofferings. Cloud computing has great opportunities in regard to costreduction and reduces the involvement of IT consultants to runprojects. In addition, cloud computing is easier to apply and deployand this could greatly benefit the Sea Breeze Cityincutting costs. However, the main challenge is compatibility,security, privacy and maintenance concerns.
Potentialbarriers for the Sea Breeze Cityin adoptingvirtualization
Althoughvirtualization has several potential benefits to the Sea Breeze City,there exist great potential barriers to effective adoption ofvirtualization technology. One major challenge is lack of funds toimplement the virtualization process. The virtualization processentails an overhaul of all physical hardware systems, as well asnetwork infrastructure to allow installation of new systems (Yang,2014).All these changes require cost and time and it becomes hard formost-local governments that do not have enough funds. However, theCity authority need to inform and persuade community leaders and thesociety the vast benefits associated with virtualization technology.Although the City is operating on a tight budget, virtualizationproject is the most urgent and would contribute to cost savings andinnovative development in the area.
Onemajor problem of desktop virtualization is software licensing theprocess of virtualization may change the operation and installationlicense agreements and this may pit the user and the manufacturerinto legal battles. As such, there is need to assess implications ofsoftware licensing for the project before commencing. Anotherchallenge comes from the legal hurdles and license fees required forvirtual technology migration. Virtualization process has severalconcerns that in one way or the other lead to conflicting interestswith the legal agencies. Proper software licensing is the solution tothe problem but adequate solution are not possible since there aremany vendors and licensing terms vary. In this light, there is needto evaluate licensing terms, requirements, terminal services to belicensed and have backup plan with other software vendors.
Securityconcerns and privacy is another great hurdle in adoptingvirtualization process. Ideally, the process of planning, operatingand managing virtual machines is associated with concerns of dataprotection while in storage or in transits. In the same line, thereare concerns over authentication, authorization, logging and auditingthat may deter the City authority from embracing virtualization(Bell,2014).Theproblem can be addressed through adequate training to administratorsand other users of the virtualized machines.
Managementsupport and the capacity of virtualization administrators may presenta great hurdle towards effective adoption of virtualization process.In particular, the process of virtualization requires trained andexperienced IT personnel and users who can operate and carry tasksefficiently. However, this is not a major problem for the City staffsas most of them have computer skills but more training and educationis needed to orient them fully on issue of virtue machines.
Whythe Sea Breeze City needs to adopt virtue machines
TheCity Manager and the City Council should consider the benefitsaccrued from virtualization project and how they can effectivelyaddress emerging challenges. It is important that the City authorityunderstand the virtualization process would lead to great cuts oncost and energy consumption less physical computers and data storagesystems are reduced (Hau& Rudolph, 2004).The reduction in the number of computer used lead to low power usage,reduction on physical space and number of computer users. In thiscase, the costs incurred for upfront purchases of required virtualtools will be recouped later (Bell,2014).
Inaddition, with good training and education of the administrators andthe users, the City management authority will cut future consultancycosts and enhance effective management of the system. Similarly, theamount of consultancy fee charged for the several hardware computers(350 end user) and seventy two servers will be reduced significantlyas the server is consolidated and only few computers will be used ashost computers to link up with other virtual machines. Theimplementation of virtual machines will thus cut costs on all sidesthat are the objective of the City management.
Thebenefits of virtualization surpass the amount needed for theimplementation in terms of Low power utilization, less consultancyfees, less space hence low expenses on space, efficient dataretrieval and security of the stored data. In addition, with goodtraining virtualized systems are easy to operate and enhance thestreamlining of management processes (Yang,2014).
Definingthe City`s position in the technology adoption curve using theadoption theory of technology
Thecity position is in the category of laggards in the technology curve.This category of technology adopters is characterized by lack ofopinion leadership and an aversion to changes agents. Technologylaggards tend to be focused on maintaining traditional technologiesrather than perusing innovative and new technologies. In addition,the social system is composed of individuals who are low in socialstatus and have low financial capability. Technology laggards arealso the oldest among technology adopters and have closed like socialinteractions with only close friends and family members.
Inaccording to the diffusion theory the City will go through a periodof slow and then gradual growth before experiencing dramatic growthin technology. Potential adopters of new technology like Sea Breezecity have will through several stages to facilitate technologyadoption in the community. These processes involve the acquisitionsof technology knowledge, persuading the community on merits oftechnology, engaging relevant stakeholders in decision making for theadoption and implementation of the virtualized technology. Inaccordance to the diffusion theory, the City need to embracetechnology by improving communication channels, speeding up theadoption rate and engaging the community members in accepting thevirtualization project.
Strategyof addressing technology adoption in the city of Sea breeze
ImprovingIT knowledge and availability of IT resources
Themost important strategy of facilitating the virtualized technologyadoption in the City is by facilitating the availability ofcomplementary resources and knowledge. In this case, the Citymanagement needs to lay down necessary infrastructure and tools thatwould make the adoption of other useful technology easier (Bell,2014).
Additionally,the City Authority needs enhance IT knowledge acquisition that wouldenhance easier diffusion of new technologies in the city. Many userscould have failed to embrace new technology due poor technologicalinfrastructure and resources. Therefore, the City authority needs tosacrifice its scarce resources and tap in the virtualization projectas a way of opening up vast investment opportunities. Change intechnology facilitates changes in production innovations that havepositive impact on the long-term growth of the city economy.
Howto enhance acceptance of virtualized technology at Sea Breeze City
Licensingfees and legal requirement pose a great challenge to potential usersof new technology such as virtualized systems. There are myriads ofcomplexities involved in the virtualization licensing. Effectivelegislation need to be put in place to enhance flexibility andadoption of improved virtualized systems. Virtualized desktops arenot much efficient as they depend on centralized servers (SAN datastorage and computation) and higher network requirement which exposesthe users at the risk of network and server outages or capacitylimitations (Bell,2014).In this case, the City authority needs to work on the availability oflicenses that allow utilization and easier adoption of newtechnologies in the market for effective economic development.
Trainingand education campaigns through change agents and opinion leaders
Oneway of enhancing the adoption of virtualization project in the Cityis through extensive training and education campaigns on the benefitsof virtualization. These campaigns should be initiated by the Cityauthority with the assistance of opinion leaders and the changeagents. The opinion leaders are influential in the communityespecially during the evaluation stage of the virtualization project.Improving community knowledge about virtualization is key toinfluencing their acceptance of the project. In this case, the Citystaffs and the general public would be given free lessons on how tomanage virtualized technology as part of increasing their interestsand knowledge on the benefits of virtualization.
Mostopinion leaders have wide exposure through mass media, have morecontact with change agents and members of higher class, and are morecosmopolitan and innovative than others. As such, greater influenceon virtualization technology acceptance would be achieved byincorporating tem in the education campaigns. The objective would beeducating the community on the benefits associated with the adoptionof virtualized technology as a means of saving energy and costs. Inthese campaigns the community would be explained how virtualizationwould reduce energy consumption, improve service delivery, increaseinnovation and economic productivity in the area. Furthermore, theopinion leaders and the change agents influence and convince thepublic and the media on budget expenses for the project.
Virtualizationis an important aspect in the age of information technology inenhancing efficient work management saves time, costs and enhancessecurity of data. In addition, replacing physical hardware withvirtual machines presents great opportunities for City inefficientservers will be replaced with fewer virtual machines, workload isminimized, energy is saved, maintenance and physical space is alsoreduced. The resultant effect of these benefits is that newtechnologies improve productivity, lower operating costs, enhancedexpansion of activities and growth in the economy.
However,there is a need for the City government to create an enablingenvironment through which virtualization will be possible, effectiveand contribute to sustainable development. In particular, the Cityauthority needs to implement important infrastructure forvirtualization process to be effective this includes training andeducation to the staffs on how to use virtualized systems. Inaddition, the local government needs to facilitate the easyacquisition of new technology licensing as a way of enhancing easyadoption and acceptance of the virtualized technology.
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