Whatis the North-South digital divide? Tell us if you think this is aproblem and what you think can be done to resolve it. Or, is thisproblem largely overstated? Give reasons for your opinion.
Whythe North-South digital divide is an issue of concern.
Thephrase the North-South digital divide is used to describe thetechnological gap existing between the northern part of the globe andthe southern part. In this concept, the north represents the NorthAmerica and European regions, which have advanced significantly interms of technology (including the internet and ICT) while the southrepresents the rest of the world (Lauren 1). The gap of the globaldivide depends on the technological aspect factored in. These aspectsinclude the proportion of the population that can access the internetand the usage of the information and communication technologies ofthe population of a given region. For example, research shows thatonly 13.5 % of the African population and 26.2 % of the Asianpopulation can access the internet, which comprises the largest partof the southern part of the globe (Lauren 1).
Thereare two major factors that confirm that the north-south digitaldivide is a serious problem. Digital divide widens the gap betweenthe rich and the poor (University of Hull 1). This fact is based onthe notion that the risk countries can afford technologicalinstallations and will continue advancing their economies, while theeconomies of the south will continue operating under obsoletestrategies. This implies that the economies of the north willcontinue growing at the expense of the economies of the south.Secondly, an increase in the digital divide between the north and thesouth will widen the cultural gap and increase the differences inpeople’s view of the world. The internet, which is the major aspectof digitization increase access to a large amount of information thathas social, cultural and economic applications. The availability orlack of access to such information will determine the way people seethings in the future. This will in turn determine the capacity ofdifferent regimes to predict conflicts. The study shows thatinformation technology or digitization enhances the strength ofregimes and increases its effectiveness in identifying andnegotiating conflicts (Goldstein 89). This means that the south willcontinue experiencing conflicts while the peace will be more likelyto prevail in the north. These suggest that the digital divide is anissue of concern and it is not an overemphasized problem.
Althoughdigital divide is a problem that might never be resolved completely,the technological gap can be reduced by increasing accessibility tothe internet and ICT services to people in the developing countries.This requires the concerted effort of the government,non-governmental, and international organizations to sponsor outreachprograms in the developing world (Calacz 1). These programs shouldstart with simple services, such as teaching people on operating andmaintaining skills, supplying the developing countries withrefurbished computers, and increasing the access to low costcomputers and computer accessories. By doing this the developed worldwill have reduced the gap between the digitized world and thedeveloping countries.
Inconclusion, it is evident that the digital divide between the northand the south parts of the globe is an issue that is likely to resultin social, economic, cultural, and political challenges in thefuture. The problem can be resolved by the digitized world and theinternational organization. This can be accomplished by transferringinformation technology and cheap computer accessories in thedeveloping world.
Calacz,A. and Smahel, D. Information society from a comprehensive: Digitaldivide and social effects of the internet. Journalof Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace1.1 (2007): 1-5.
Goldstein,S. and Pevehouse, C. Internationalrelations.New York, NY: Longman Publishers, 2008. Print.
Lauren,H. Theglobal digital divide.Digital Divide. March 2. 2012. Web. July 27 2014.
Universityof Hull. Theimpact of the global digital divide.Yorkshire: University of Hull, 2014. Web.